Art & Design Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Lugari Constituency Joint Pre Mock Exams 2023

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  • This paper contains of three sections A,B and C.
  • Answer all the questions in section A and B.
  • Answer any ONE question from section C.


Answer all questions in this section in the space provided.

    1. Describe tactility as used in Art and Design.                                                (1mk)
    2. State one intermediary colour and give it’s complement.                               (1 mk) 
    3. Study the following picture and answer the questions that follow.
      1. Name the concept of drawing illustrated in the picture                       (1mk)       
      2. State the main technique used to produce the composition.              (1mk)             
    4. State one use for each of the following media used in art                                  (1mk)
      1. Thinner                                                                                                                                         
      2. Primer
    5. Mention two types of cylinders used in lithographic printing                        (1mk)
    6. Study the illustration bellow and answer the questions that follow.
      1. Name the parts labeled X and Y     (1mk)
      2. State one maintenance practice for the above tool.    (1 mk)
    7. The diagram bellow shows a block printed work, study it and answer the questions that follow.
      1. Give any two characteristics of the printing technique                 (1mk)
      2. Name two types of prints seen in the work                                     (1mk)
    8. State the function of the following devices used in poetry                    (2mks)
      1. Pug mill   
      2. Pyrometric cones   
      1. State two types of the plain weave techniques                                     (1mk)
      2. Mention the other name for the ghiordes knot                                  (1mk)
      1. Give two reasons why you would prefer metallic ornaments to wooden ones          (1mk)
      2. Name one decorative technique for metallic ornaments                      (1mk)

    11. F4ADMokMP12023Q1k
      1. Identify the above tool.   (1mk)
      2. Give two characteristics of fabrics decorated using the above tool                 (1mk)
    12. Distinguish between a macquette and an armature in 3d artworks.                    (2mks)


Answer all questions in this section in the spaces provided.

    1. State two types of photographic illustrations used in graphic design.                  ( 1mk)
    2. Explain any two types of layouts that can be adopted for a graphical art piece.     (2mks)
    3. Illustrate monogram for a company ‘TUMAINI HOME BUILDERS’.    (2mks)
    1. State and explain the classifications of clay                                             (2mks)
    2. Distinguish between updraught and downdrought as applied in pottery            (2mks)
    3. Give one advantage of using an electric kiln for firing clay articles.
  3. Study the following picture and answer the questions that follow.
    1. Name the technique used to produce the art work             (1mk)
    2. State two ways of enhancing actual stability of such pieces   (2mks)
    3. State two advantages of casting as asculptural technique.    (2mks)
    1. State the function of the following devices in weaving      (2mks)
      1. Shuttle
      2. Warp
    2. illustrate the warping processes of adowel loom in the space bellow     (2mks)
    3. Describe a selvedge.                     (1mk)     
    1. Give the other name of value.                                                                (1mk) 
    2. Distinguish between tonal variation and tonal range.                            (2mks)     
    3. Describe a colour triad using an appropriate illustration.                       (2mks) 

SECTION C             (15mks)

Answer only one question from this section in the space provided after question 9.

    1. Explain the following terms as used in painting.       (3mks)                                 
      1. Fresco painting                                                                                                                                                               
      2. Easel                                                                                                                                                                                                 
      3. Pointilism                                                                                                                                                   
    2. State two advantages of water based paints over oil based paints   (2mks)
    3. Discuss five techniques of painting             (10mks) 
    1. Distinguish between jewellery and ornaments                                    (2mks) 
    2. Explain three techniques of making ornaments                                       ( 3mks)
    3. Discuss the role of ornaments in the traditional African society      (10mks)
    1. Describe the following printing techniques;                                       (2mks)
      1. Frottage.                                                                                                                                                                                             
      2. Gravure 
    2. Explain any three mono printing techniques.                                          (3mks)
    3. Explain the process of printing a mono-coloured pattern using a stencil.    (10mks)



    1. Tactility is the ability of texture to be perceived by touch.                     (1x1mk)  1mk
    2. (intermediate/intermediary colours are tertiary colours)
      • Red purple - yellow green
      • Blue purple - yellow orange
      • Red orange – blue green
      • Yellow orange – blue purple
      • Blue green - red orange
      • Yellow green – red purple      (Any one set x 1) 1 mk 
      1. foreshortening
        • Dry media technique (use of pencil)
        • wet media (pen and ink) (any 1 x 1)    1 mk 
      • Thinners are used to dilute paint to the required thickness/consistency. 
      • Primer used to make a surface less absorbent in preparation for artwork e.g. painting.    (2 x ½ )  1 mark
    5. Cylinders used in lithographic printing
      • Plate cylinder
      • Blanket cylinder 
      •  Impression cylinder            (any 2 x ½)   = 1 Mk 
        • X  -  Ferule 
        • Y - Bristles           (2 x ½) = 1 Mk
      2. Wash and dry after use and store well           (1 x1) = 1 Mk
      1. Characteristics of block printing 
        • Raised design to produce positive prints 
        • Sunken design to produce negative prints
        • reversed design 
        • Neat/sharp edges (any 2 x ½ Mk)     
      2.  Types of prints seen in the artwork
        • Positive prints
        • Negative prints (2 x ½ )  = 1 mk
      1. Pug mill; used to mix clay and water to form slip
      2. Pyrometric cones are used to ascertain that optimum temperatures have been attained in a kiln (2 x 1mk) = 2 Mk   
      1. Types of the plain weave techniques
        • Open work weave
        • Warp faced weave
        • Weft faced weave
        • Balanced weave
      2. Ghiordes knots – Turkish knot.            (1x1mk)  = 1mk
        • Metallic ornaments are stronger than wooden ones hence more durable. 
        • There are different types of metals giving room for a diversity of types to choose from.
        • Aesthetic value is highly pronounced in metallic ornament as compared to wooden ones     (Any 1 x 1) = 1 Mk
      2. Decorative techniques for metallic ornaments
        • Coating with a superior metal
        • Painting with appropriate metal paint
        • Polishing with metal polish
        • Bluing 
      1. Tjanting
      2. Characteristics of fabrics decorated using batik
        • Outlined effect
        • Scratched effect
        • Crumpled effect
        • Blocked effect 
    12.  A macquette is a small sculpture that an artist uses a guide when making a larger piece while an armature is a skeletal structure that is fleshed up as a basis for a sculpture (2x1mk) = 2 mks


    1. Photographic illustrations
      • Photographs
      • Photograms               (2 x ½ mk) 1 mk
    2. Types of layouts in graphic design
      • Symmetrical layout; elements evenly distributed on both sides of axis
      • Asymmetrical layout, elements are unevenly distributed on both sides of an axis
      • Radial layout, elements are distributed from a point /centre outwards     (Any 2x 1 Mk)  = 2 marks
    3. The letters should be inter-twining                      (2 marks)
      • Primary/residual clay; this is clay formed next to the parent rock and is pure. 
      •  Secondary/sedimentary clay; this is clay that forms away from the parent rock and is impure.                (2 x 1 Mk) 2 mks
    2. Up draught is the upward movement of hot air/current in a dome – shaped kiln while… down draught is the downward movement of hot air/current in a dome – shaped kiln    (2 x 1 Mk)   = 2 mks
    3. Advantages of using an electric kiln.
      • Items are clean
      • Temperatures can be regulated according to specific clay bodies   (Any 1x1mk) 1 Mk
    1. Carving (1x1mks)    1 mk 
      • Using heavier material at the bare of sculpture
      • Widening the base of sculptures
      • Fixing sculptures to strong supports by welding or cementing        (Any two appropriate x 1)   2mks 
    3. Advantages of casting
      • Production of identical articles
      • Mass production of articles
      1. Shuttle is used to hold wefts for easy movement through a shed during weaving. 
      2.  Warps provide a base for inter taking with wefts during weaving.    (2 x 1 Mk)         2 mks 
    2. it should be wound over the dowel to form a figure –eight impression   (2 marks)
    3. a "self-finished" edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying.
    1. Tint
    3.  A triadic color scheme is comprised of three colors evenly spaced on the color wheel.


      1. Fresco painting; the art of painting on wet concrete 
      2. Easel; the stand on which a painting or drawing is placed when being worked on
      3. Pointillism, the art of using dots of paint to create a composition. (3x1) 3 mks
      • Water – based paints dry faster than oil – based paints. 
      • Water – based paints are less toxic than oil – based paints 
      • They are easier to uses as they are diluted water.       (Any 2 x 1) 2 mks
    3. Painting techniques
      • resist technique; used of a resist medium to prevent paint from reaching some areas. 
      • Dry media, use of paint in dry form e.g. crayons and pastels to paint.
      • Mixed media, use of a variety of media e.g. wet and dry paints to create a composition
      • Fresco; art of painting on wet concrete.
      • Sfumato, blending colours harmoniously into each other
      • Washout; applying wet paint over large surfaces in flat or graded washes.
      • Brush stroke, using a brush with paint to wave strokes and thins create a composition       (Any 5x2) = 10 mks 
       Jewellery  Ornaments 
       Made using locally available materials  made using minerals and/or precious stones/metals 
       Adorns only human beings   adorns both human beings and objects 
      (2x1) = 2 mks
    2. Techniques of ornamentation, (should be based on material used) 
      • Bone jewellery; use of bones to make ornaments 
      • Metal Jewellery; use of metals to make ornaments
      • Paper mache ornaments; use of paper mache to make ornaments
      • Beadwork; use of beads to make ornaments                 (any 3 relevant x 1)   = 3 mks
    3. Role of ornaments in traditional African Societies   
      • Economic role; made to be sold as a means of livelihood.
      • Religious roles; used for religious functions e.g. masks when exorcising demons
      • Social role; ornaments worn to show the status of individuals ie. to insinuate wealth.
      • Political role; specific ornaments e.g. head gears worn by political leaders to show authority
        (5x2) = 10 mks
      1. Frottage; printing by planning a surface over a textured object and rubbing a medium over it to get the impression onto the surface.
      2. Gravure; printing by use of a rotary wheel with impressed designs with ink.  And the wheel rotates, it prints a surface. 
      • Blotting; printing by folding a surface over area with paint and pressing it to produce a mirrored print.
      • String printing; using a string with ink to print by placing it between sheets of materials and pulling if under pressure.
      • Marbling; placing oil-based paint over water and them laying paper over the paint to absorb it thus print the paper
      • Blowing; dropping paint or ink on a spot and blowing it to different directions to create an impression.
      • Frottage; placing a material over an object with desired impression and rubbing a medium over the surface to print it
        (any 3x1) 3 mks
      • Collect tools and materials
      • sketch your design 
      • transfer the sketch onto a sheet of thin material with definite dimensions 
      • make registration marks on your surface 
      • identify the specific pattern to be made 
      • place the stencil on the material to be printed and dub ink or paint through the negative space
      • Repeatedly print the surface until your pattern is complete 
      • let your work dry 
      • trim your work to required size and shape
      • Display your work for critique      (10 marks)
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