Biology Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Lugari Constituency Joint Pre Mock Exams 2023

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  1. You are provided with specimen labelled A. Obtain a cube measuring 1cm by 1cm from the specimen. 
      1. Crush the cube using mortar and pestle, place the crushed parts in measuring cylinder, add 2 ml of hydrogen. Identify the process and eplain why this reaction occurs in living cells   (2 marks)
      2. Write an equation of the reaction above (1mk)
    2. You are provided with a solution labeled B, unboiled C1 and boiled C2. Place 2ml of the solution B into two test tubes and carry out a food test using the reagents provided. Record your observation in the  table below.

      Place 2ml of solution B into four test tubes labeled F, G, H and K. Carry out the following steps.
      1. To test tube labeled F and its contents add 3ml solution C1 and 3 ml distilled water.
      2. To test tube labeled G and its contents, add 3ml solution C1 and 3 ml dilute hydrochloric acid
      3. To test tube labeled H and its contents, add 3 ml solution C 1 and 3 ml sodium hydroxide solution.
      4. To test tube labeled K and its contents, add 3 ml solution C2.
      5. Place the test tubes in a water bath at 37 0C for 20 minutes. 
      6. Carry out a Benedict’s test and fill the table below.                    (4 marks)
        Test tube  
    3. Account for the observation in:
      1. Test tube G.          (2 marks)
      2. Test tube H.       (1 mark)
      3. Test tube K.      (2 marks)
      4. Why was the water bath maintained at 37°C? (1mark)
  2. The diagrams below represent body parts of some organisms (animals). Study them and answer the question that follow.
      1. Suggest the type of food eaten by organisms with the parts labeled A, B, C and F
                                             Food                                   Reason
        F                                                                                                                                   (4mks)
      2. With reasons, suggest the likely habitat of the organism from which the parts labeled D and E were obtained              (2mks)
        Part                                      Habitat                                  Reason
      1. Suggest the type of evolution that is exemplified by the organisms labeled D, E and F. Give reason for your answer
        The type of evolution              (2mks)
      2. Suggest the significance of the above named type of evolution for the organism(1mk) 
      1. Explain briefly the meaning of analogous structures     (1mk)
      2. Give one example of analogous structure     (1mk)
  3. You are provided with specimens labelled:
    J: Hibiscus rosaninensis
    K: Bougainvillea glabra
    L: Jacaranda mimosifolia
    M: Zea mays
    N: Lantana camara
    1. Using the characteristics given below and in the order  in which they occur, construct a dichotomous key to identify the specimens.(8mks)
      1. Type of leaf
      2. Leaf venation
      3. Leaf margin
      4. Texture of leaf lamina
      1. Identify the likely habitat  of  the plant from which specimen labelled N was obtained from.  (1 mrk)
      2. Give a reason for your answer in bi) above. (1 mrk)
      1. Name the class of the plant from which specimen M belong. (1 mrk)
      2. Give a reason for your answer in c i) above. (1 mrk)
    4. Study the photographs below depicting plants growing in different habitats. 
      1. Identify the habitats in which they are found           (2mks)
      2. State the significance of the following structures found in the specimens shown above (1mrk)


      1.  Detoxification
        • Toxic substances in the body broken down to less toxic substances like water and Oxygen to prevent harm to the body
                                             Enzyme catalase
          Hydrogen Peroxide--------------------------------Water +Oxygen
    2. 1st table

        Starch   Add 2 drops of iodine solution   Blue -Black   Starch present
        Reducing sugar   Add equal amount of Benedict`s solution
        Heat to boil
        Blue colour remains   Reducing sugar absent

      2nd table

      Test tube  
        Add equal amounts of Benedict’s solution 
       Heat to boil
       Blue-Green-Yellow -   Orange 
       Reducing sugar  present 
       Add equal amount of Benedict`s   solution
       Heat to boil 
       Reducing sugar   present 
       Add equal amount of Benedict`s   solution
          Heat to boil 
       Blue-Green-Yellow-   Orange   Reducing sugar  present 
       Add equal amount of Benedict`s   solution
          Heat to boil
       Blue colour remains   Reducing sugar   absent
      1. Account for observation in
        Test tube G-
        • Reducing sugar was absent
        • Hydrochloric acid creates acidic conditions which are not favourable for enzyme amylase
      2. Test tube H-
        • Reducing sugar present because C1 works well under alkaline conditions hence breaks down starch to maltose
      3. Test tube K
        • Reducing sugar was absent because boiling denatured the enzyme amylase
      4. Why water bath maintained at 37°C-
        • Because enzymes work well at optimum temperature
      1. Suggest the type of food eaten 4mrks

           Food eaten  Reason
          A   Nectar  Long, thin/slender beak for probing into the flower to suck nectar
          B  Grains/cereals/seeds  Strong beak for cracking seeds
             C  Pondweeds/waterweeds/worms/cereals  Flat, serrate for filtering food from the water
          F  Flesh/meat  Pointed claws for seizing meat
      2. 2mks

         Part              Habitat              Reason
          D             Aquatic  Webbed feet for swimming
          E            Terrestrial  Pointed/sharp claws for seizing /hooking the prey
      1. Suggest the type of evolution labelled D, E and F
        • Divergent evolution
      2. Significance of divergent evolution
        • Enhances the organisms to occupy different ecological niches
      3. Analogous structures-are structures that have different embryonic origin but have evolved  to perform similar functions due to exploitation of the same kind of environment.
        Example are wings in birds having the pentadactyl structures while in insects the wings have veins composed of cuticle
        1. Leaf simple………………………………………go to………2
        2. Leaf compound……………………………… Jacaranda mimosifolia
        1. Leaf parallel veined…………………………… Zea mays
        2. Leaf net veined………………………………… go to ….3
        1. Leaf margin entire…………………………. Bougainvillea glabra
        2. Leaf margin serrate……………………………… ………4
        1. Lamina texture rough hairy……………………Lantana camara
        2. Lamina texture smooth………………………… Hibiscus rosaninensis
      1. Identify the likely habitat of the plant labelled N
        • Terrestrial
      2. Reason
        • Hairy cuticle that prevents excessive transpiration
      1. Class of plant M
        • Monocotyledonae
      2. Reason
        • Parallel veined
      1. Habitat of:
        • Y - Aquatic
        • Z - Arid /semi-arid areas
      2. Significance of R
        • Thorns Protects the plants from being fed by animals 
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