Physics Questions and Answers - Form 1 End Term 2 Exams 2023

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  1. Explain briefly the first aid measure that should be taken in case of (2 marks)
    1. Cut
    2. Poisoning
  2. Define physics. (2 marks)
  3. State any five branches of physics (5 marks)
  4. State any five career opportunities in physics (5 marks)
  5. State any five laboratory safety rules (5 marks)
  6. Name any 4 items contained in the first Aid kit found in the laboratory (4 marks)
  7. Briefly explain how physics is related to biology (2 marks)
  8. State any three effects of a force (3 marks)
  9. Describe the method you would use to measure the circumference of a cylinder using a thread and a meter rule (4 marks)
  10. A sphere of diameter 3.0 cm is mounted into a thin uniform wire of diameter 0.2mm calculate the length of the wire in meters (4 marks)
  11. State any three differences between mass and weight (3 marks)








  12. The mass of 25cm3 of ivory was found to be 0.045kg. Calculate the density of ivory in SI units (3 marks)
  13. 300 cm3 of fresh water of density 1000kg/m3 is mixed with 100cm3 of sea water density 1030kg/m3.calculate the density of mixture (4 marks)
  14. Explain how you would measure the volume of irregularly shaped object using the displacement method. (3 marks)
  15. Distinguish between a fundamental and derived quantity giving an example of each (4 marks)
  16. Define force and state its SI unit (2 marks)
  17. State any 4 types of force (4 marks)
  18. Distinguish between a scalar and vector quantity giving an example of each (4 marks)
  19. State any 3 applications of capillary action (3 marks)
  20. State any two factors affecting the surface tension (2 marks)
  21. A man has a mass of 70kg. Calculate
    1. His weight on earth where the gravitational strength is 10 N/kg (2 marks)
    2. His weight on moon where the gravitational strength is 1.7 N/kg (2 marks)
  22. Explain briefly why water wets the glass while mercury does not (2 marks)
  23. Complete the table below (7 marks)

    Fundermental quality





















  24. Differentiate between cohesive and adhesive forces (2 marks)
  25. A body weighs 400N in water. If the up thrust force is 20N.calculate its weight in air (2 marks)
  26. Explain briefly why a razor blade floats in water and when soap solution is carefully added to the water it sinks (3 marks)
  27. Explain the following behavior of molecules.
    1. When it is raining it is advisable not to touch a canvas tent from inside (2 marks)
    2. Water rises up in harrow tubes but Mercury which is also a liquid falls in narrow tubes to level below the outside surface? (2 marks)
  28. A eureka can of mass 100g and cross-sectional area 100cm2 is filled with water of density 1g/cm3.A piece of metal of mass 20g and density 8g/cm3 is lowered carefully into the can as shown
    28 sfsfsf
    1. The total mass of water and Eureka can before the metal was lowered (3 marks)
    2. The volume of water that overflowed (2 marks)
    3. The final mass Eureka can and its content (3 marks)


  1. Explain briefly the first aid measure that should be taken in case of (2 marks)
    Cut ……                 dress the cut to stop breeding 
    Poisoning…………. medical assistance should be sough
  2. Define physics (2 marks)
    Physics is a natural science that deals with a study of matter in relation & energy or study of matter and natural forces.
  3. Any five- mechanic, properties of matter, geometric optics, physical optic, sound ,heat, static electricity, magnetism, current electricity, electronics, electromagnetic induction, atomic nuclear physics.
  4. engineering and technology(laboratory technology, mapping and surveying, civil ,mechanical, instrumentation technology, meteorology, electronics and telecommunication, architecture, aerinative, teaching, medical sports optician.
    1. Never enter the laboratory when the teacher is not in the lab
    2. Do only what the teacher has instructed you to do
    3. Do not run, play or throw things
    4. Never chew, eat or drink in the labarory
    5. Never heat glass bottle containers with stoppers on.
    6. Ensure sockets switches are off before plugging in any electric device.
    7. Never handle electrical apparatus with wet hands
    8. Avoid open circuits
    9. Wear protective goggles where there is a danger of hot or caustics materials being splashed into the eyes
    10. Tidy your work place after the experiment is over
    11. Inform the teacher at once about any accidents.
  6. Gloves, forceps, safety pins, mild antiseptic solution sterilized cotton wool and gauze. An assortment of bandages, pair of blunt ended scissors (Any 4)
  7. A biologist will assist a physist in the awareness of
    • Balanced diet and nutritive diet.
    • Some simple extenses to keep fit.
    • Effects of excessive drinking and drug abuse.
    • A physist will help a biologist to develop a microscope and a hand lens used for magnification.
    • Change of state
    • Change of shapes
    • Turning effects
  9. Tie a thread on the cylinder. Count the number of turns, measure the length of the thread using the metre rule. Divide the length by the number of turns.
  10. volume of sphere =4/3πr3  = 2/3 x 22/7 x 3/2 x 3/2 x 3/2cm3= 14.1428cm3 area of the wire 
    = πr2 = 22/7 x 0.02/2 x 0.02/2 cm3 = 0.00031428
        14.1428    = 4500.6363cm = 45m
  11. MASS                                                        WEIGHT
    Quantity of matter                                    pull of gravity
    SI unit is kg                                              SI unit is Newton
    Constant everywhere                              change from place to place
    Scalar quantity                                        vector quantity
    Measured by a beam balance                measured by a spring balance.
  12.     0.045     =  1800kg/m3
    25 x 10-6
  13. 300 + 1000    =400cm3
    300 x 1g/cm3=300g
           100 x 1.03=  103g 403 = 1.0075g/cm3 =  100.75kg/cm3
                                  403g           400
  14. Partially fill the measuring cylinder with water. Record the initial column of water as v1 .immerse the object onto the water record the new reacting of the water as v2. The volume of the object =v2-v1.
  15. Fundamental quantities. Cannot be expressed in terms of other quantities
    Derived –expressed in terms of other quantities e.g. Area, volume, and density.
  16. Force is pull or a push –SI unit = Newton.
  17. gravitational, friction, magnetic, electrostatic up thrust, action and reaction, tension cohesive and adhesive, surface tension.
  18. Scalar –magnitude only-distance, mass, density, area, volume.
    Vector –Both magnitude and directions force, weight, acceleration.
  19. Spreading of ink over a blotting paper.
    Kerosene rises up the wick of a lamp.
    Rise of saps from the soil up in plants.
    Towels used for drying.
  20. Temperature
    1. W = Mg
      70 x 10 = 700n
    2. W = Mg
      70 x 1.7 = 119 N
  22. In water Adhesive force are greater that the cohesive in mercury. The cohesive forces are greater than adhesive

    Fundamental quality

    Si  units

















    Cohesive force – force of attraction between molecules of the same kind
    Adhesive force- force of attraction between molecules of different kind
  25. 400N + 20= 420N
  26. Because of surface Tension – The soap solution breaks the surface tension
    1. The surface tension is broken and therefore the water penetrates through.
    2. This is because of capillary action. The water rises up so as more molecules can be in contact with glass molecules while the mercury drops in the tube so as more mercury molecule can be in touch with each other.
    1. V x p =m.
      100 x 10 x 1 =100g – water
    2. Volume of metal
    3. 2.5x g/cm3=2.5g
      1100 + 20=1300-2.5 =1297.5g.


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