Biology Questions and Answers - Form 3 Mid Term 2 2022

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INSTRUCTIONS

  • Answer all the questions in the spaces provided.


Questions

  1.                          
    1. What is meant by each of the following ecological terms:
      1. Population (1mk)
      2. community (1mk)
      3. Ecosystem (1mk)
    2. Name the equipment used to measure the following factors in an ecosystem:
      1. light penetration in water. (1mk)
      2. Wind velocity (1mk)
      3. Atmospheric pressure (1mk)
  2. Amillipede,grasshopper and crayfish all belong to phylum arthropoda
    1. State Twomajor characteristics that they have in common. (2mks)
    2. List two characteristics that are used to sub-divide arthropoda into classes. (2mks)
    3. Name the spore bearing structure in the members of division pteridophyta. (1mk)
  3. The diagram below shows a phenomenon which occurs during cell division.
    3 sdaddad
    1. Name the part labeled T. (1mk)
      1. State the biological importance of the part labeled T. (1mk)
      2. Identify the type of cell division in which this phenomenon occurs. (1mk)
  4. The diagram below represents a human foetus in a uterus
    4 adadada
    1. Name the part labeled S (1mk)
    2.                    
      1. Name the blood vessels labeled A and B (1mk)
        A
        B
      2. State one difference in composition of blood found in vessels A and B (1mk)
    3. State the role of the part labeled P (1mk)
  5. The diagram below represents a fern
    5 adadad
    Name
    1. Parts labeled A and B ( 2mks)
      A
      B
    2. The division which the plant belongs ( 1mk)

      An organism with an exoskeleton, segmented body, two pairs of legs per segment, a pair of eyes and a pair of eyes and a pair of short antennae belongs to the phylum (1mk)
  6. Below is a diagram of an organelle that is involved in aerobic respiration.
    6 adadad
    1. Name the organelle (1mk)
    2. Name the parts labeled A, B, and C. (3mks)
      A
      B
      C
    3. What is the purpose of the folding labeled D? (1mk)
    4. Give the chemical compound which is formed in the organelle and forms the immediate source of energy (1mk)
  7. The figure represents a feeding relationship in an ecosystem
    7 adada
    1. Write down the food chain in which the Guinea Fowls are secondary consumers (1mk)
    2. What would be the short term effects on the ecosystem if lions invaded the area (1mk)
    3. Name the organism through which energy from the sun enters the food web (1mk)
  8.                    
    1. Name the class in the phylum arthropoda which has the largest number of individuals ( 1mk)
    2. Give two reasons why the organisms named in the class above has the largest population (2mks)
  9.                        
    1. The specific name of Irish potato is solanumTuberrasum
      1. Identify two errors that have been made when writing the name (2mks)
      2. What is the species name of Irish potato? (1mk)
      3. An ecologist came across a plant with the following characteristics, green in colour, non- flowering, compound leaves and sori on the underside of the leaflets. State the probable division of the plan ( 1mk)
  10. The number and distribution of stomata on three different leaves are shown in the table below

    Leaf

    Number of stomata

    Upper epidermis

    Lower Epidermis

    A

    B

    C

    300

    150

    02

    0

    200

    13

    1. Suggest the possible habitat of the plants from which the leaves were obtained. ( 3mks)
      Leaf          Habitat
      A ____________________
      B ____________________
      C ____________________
    2. State the modification found in the stomata of leaf C (1mk)
  11. The following is a simplified drawing of nitrogen cycle.
    11 ssfsfsf
    1. Identify the compound named A ( ½ mk)
    2. Name the processes (1 ½ mks)
      X _________________
      Y _________________
      Z _________________
  12. The diagram below represents a stage during cell division
    12 sfsfsf
    1.                                
      1. Identify the stage of cell division ( 1mk)
      2. Give two reasons for your answer (a) (i) above ( 2mks)
    2. Name the structure labeled M ( 1mk)
  13. Explain 3 ways through which xerophytes are adapted to their habitat. (3mks)


Marking Scheme

  1.                          
    1. What is meant by each of the following ecological terms:
      1. Population (1mk)

        Population- total number of organisms of a given species occupying an area at a certain trophic level

      2. community (1mk)
        It is the total number of plants and animals  of different species living together   in an area.
      3. Ecosystem (1mk)
    2. Name the equipment used to measure the following factors in an ecosystem:
      1. light penetration in water. (1mk)
        Seechi disc
      2. Wind velocity (1mk)
        Anemometer
      3. Atmospheric pressure (1mk)
        Barometer
  2. Amillipede,grasshopper and crayfish all belong to phylum arthropoda
    1. State Twomajor characteristics that they have in common. (2mks)

      - Segmented bodies
      - Jointed appendages
      - Exoskeleton
      - Body divided into parts

    2. List two characteristics that are used to sub-divide arthropoda into classes. (2mks)

      - Number of body parts
      - Number of legs
      - Number of wings
      - Number of antennae

    3. Name the spore bearing structure in the members of division pteridophyta. (1mk)
       Sorus
  3. The diagram below shows a phenomenon which occurs during cell division.
    3 sdaddad
    1. Name the part labeled T. (1mk)
      Chiasmata
      1. State the biological importance of the part labeled T. (1mk)
        Site of exchange of genetic materials
      2. Identify the type of cell division in which this phenomenon occurs. (1mk)
        Meiosis
  4. The diagram below represents a human foetus in a uterus
    4 adadada
    1. Name the part labeled S (1mk)
      amniotic membrane/Amnion
    2.                    
      1. Name the blood vessels labeled A and B (1mk)
        Umblical vein
        Umblical artery
      2. State one difference in composition of blood found in vessels A and B (1mk)
        Umblical vein – rich in nutrients and oxygen.
        Umblical artery – rich in CO2 and waste like urea.
    3. State the role of the part labeled P (1mk)

      Cushions foetus against shock

      Supports the foetus

      Keeps foetus moist (prevent dehydration

  5. The diagram below represents a fern
    5 adadad
    Name
    1. Parts labeled A and B ( 2mks)
      Sori
      rhizome
    2. The division which the plant belongs ( 1mk)
      Pteridophyta
      An organism with an exoskeleton, segmented body, two pairs of legs per segment, a pair of eyes and a pair of eyes and a pair of short antennae belongs to the phylum (1mk) Diplopoda
  6. Below is a diagram of an organelle that is involved in aerobic respiration.
    6 adadad
    1. Name the organelle (1mk)
       Mitochondrion
    2. Name the parts labeled A, B, and C. (3mks)
      Outer membrane
      Inner membrane
      Matrix/Stroma
    3. What is the purpose of the folding labeled D? (1mk)
      Increases surface area for attachment of respiratory enzymes
    4. Give the chemical compound which is formed in the organelle and forms the immediate source of energy (1mk)
       Adenosinetriphosphate
  7. The figure represents a feeding relationship in an ecosystem
    7 adada
    1. Write down the food chain in which the Guinea Fowls are secondary consumers (1mk)

      Grass → Grasshopper  → Guinea fowls
      Grass → Termites  → Guinea fowls

    2. What would be the short term effects on the ecosystem if lions invaded the area (1mk)

      Lions would complete with leopards
      Gazelle number would reduce
      Grass would be increased

    3. Name the organism through which energy from the sun enters the food web (1mk)
      Grass
  8.                    
    1. Name the class in the phylum arthropoda which has the largest number of individuals ( 1mk)
      Insecta
    2. Give two reasons why the organisms named in the class above has the largest population (2mks)

      lay many eggs

      Inhabit all ecological niches

      Wide variety of foods

  9.                        
    1. The specific name of Irish potato is solanumTuberrasum
      1. Identify two errors that have been made when writing the name (2mks)
        Second name should be in small letter.
        The names should be underlined separately
      2. What is the species name of Irish potato? (1mk)
        tuberrasum
      3. An ecologist came across a plant with the following characteristics, green in colour, non- flowering, compound leaves and sori on the underside of the leaflets. State the probable division of the plan ( 1mk)
        Division pteridophyta
  10. The number and distribution of stomata on three different leaves are shown in the table below

    Leaf

    Number of stomata

    Upper epidermis

    Lower Epidermis

    A

    B

    C

    300

    150

    02

    0

    200

    13

    1. Suggest the possible habitat of the plants from which the leaves were obtained. ( 3mks)
      Leaf          Habitat
      A ____________________ Aquatic/Fresh water
      B ____________________ Forest
      C ____________________ Arid- Semi Arid
    2. State the modification found in the stomata of leaf C (1mk)

       - Sunken stomata,

       - Reversed rhythm

       - Small stomatal pores

  11. The following is a simplified drawing of nitrogen cycle.
    11 ssfsfsf
    1. Identify the compound named A ( ½ mk)
      Ammonia
    2. Name the processes (1 ½ mks)
      X _________________ nitrification
      Y _________________ nitrogen fixation by ligtning
      Z _________________ Denitrification
  12. The diagram below represents a stage during cell division
    12 sfsfsf
    1.                                
      1. Identify the stage of cell division ( 1mk)
        Anaphase 1
      2. Give two reasons for your answer (a) (i) above ( 2mks)

        Homologous chromosomes separate at the equator.
        Chromosomes start migrating to opposite poles
        Sister chromatids attached at the centromere

    2. Name the structure labeled M ( 1mk)

      Spindle fibres

  13. Explain 3 ways through which xerophytes are adapted to their habitat. (3mks)

            Deep rooted to absorbs water from lower water table
            Needle like leaves to reduce surface area of water loss
             Few stomata to reduce stomatal transpiration
            Thick succulent stem,leaves,roots for water storage


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