Home Science Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Form 4 Opener Term 1 Exams 2022

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HOMESCIENCE
Paper 1



Questions

SECTION A (40 MARKS)

  1. Mention two careers that are open to home science graduates. (1mk)
  2. State two factors to consider when choosing and using shoes. (2mks)
  3. List three signs and symptoms of cholera. (3mks)
  4. Give at least two reasons for using each of the following laundry agents in laundry work.
    1. Laundry blue (2mks)
    2. Salt (2mks)
  5. State two immunizable childhood diseases. (1mk)
  6. Identify any three ways of incorporating air in flour mixtures. (3mks)
  7. State two causes of needle breaking when sewing. (2mks)
  8. Draw the symbols that indicate the following information in laundry.
    1. Dry (flat)
    2. Do not dry clean. (1mk)
  9. State two problem related to weaning . (2mks)
  10. Describe the burning test of wool. (2mks)
  11. State two points to consider when choosing a laundry brush. (2mks)
  12. Mention three ways of enhancing personal appearance. (3mks)
  13. Suggest two causes of breast engorgement. (2mks)
  14. Mention two advantages of breastfeeding for the mother. (2mks)
  15. State three uses of openings in garment. (3mks)
  16. Define post-natal care. (1mk)
  17. State two dangers of poor ventilation. (2mks)
  18. State two rules of stain removal. (2mks)
  19. Give two reasons why a kitchen should be well lit. (2mks)

SECTION B:COMPULSORY(20 MARKS)

  1. You are taking care of your sister who is suffering from influenza.
    1. Giving reasons, outline how you would launder her white cotton handkerchief. (10mks)
    2. Explain how to improve a broom to be used to sweep an earthen floor of the kitchen. (4mks)
    3. Describe how to clean a stained melamine tea cup. (6mks)

SECTION C (40MKS)
Answer any TWO questions from this section.

  1.           
    1. Draw a flow chart to illustrate the classification of texture fibres. (9mks)
    2. Name three important body measurements which must be taken when making a skirt.(3mks)
    3. Give and explain five causes of malnutrition. (10mks)
  2.      
    1. mention three nutritional disorders other than Kwashiokor. (3mks)
    2. State seven signs and symptoms of Kwashiokor. (7mks)
    3.        
      1. Define the term ‘Anorexia nervosa’. (2mks)
      2. State five signs and symptoms of this disorder. (5mks)
    4. Mention six foods that can be included in the diet to prevent occurrence of rickets. (3mks)
  3.        
    1. Fill in the gaps on the colour wheel below. (3mks)
    2. Describe five reasons for using soft furnishings and give an example in each case. (10mks)
    3. Complete the abbreviated words below. (2mks)
      1. STI
      2. TBA

Marking Scheme

  1. Mention two careers that are open to home science graduates. (1mk)
    • Clothing design
    • Interior design
    • Dietitics
    • Nutrition
    • Community health work
    • Entrepreneurship

  2. State two factors to consider when choosing and using shoes. (2mks)
    • Should fit well and be comfortable to wear.
    • Should suit the purpose they are intended for.
    • Choose shoes that are of good quality and can last long.
    • The amount of money one has will determine the shoes one will buy.
    • Consider the structure of the feet especially for people with deformed feet.

  3. List three signs and symptoms of cholera. (3mks)
    • Severe diarrhea and vomiting.
    • Dehydration.
    • Severe abdominal pains.
    • Body weakness.

  4. Give at least two reasons for using each of the following laundry agents in laundry work.
    1. Laundry blue (2mks)
      • Make white articles whiter.
      • Brightens coloured articles.
    2. Salt (2mks)
      • Fix colour in loose coloured clothes.
      • To disinfect clothes.
      • Dissolve mucus in handkerchiefs.
      • Remove blood stains.

  5. State two immunizable childhood diseases. (1mk)
    • Measles
    • Diphtheria
    • Whooping cough
    • Yellow fever
    • Tetanus
    • Tuberculosis
    • Hepatitis B

  6. Identify any three ways of incorporating air in flour mixtures. (3mks)
    • Sieving
    • Folding
    • Beating
    • Creaming rubbing in
    • Whisking

  7. State two causes of needle breaking when sewing. (2mks)
    • Using bent needle.
    • Using a needle which is not held in position tightly.
    • Machining a bulky fabric with a fine needle.
    • Using a loose presser foot which can be hit by a needle.
    • Machining over pins.
    • Machining close to zip teeth.

  8. Draw the symbols that indicate the following information in laundry.
    1. Dry (flat)
    2. Do not dry clean. (1mk)

  9. State two problem related to weaning . (2mks)
    • Infection like diarrhea.
    • Baby’s refusal to take the food.
    • Refusal of baby to breastfeed.
    • Malnutrition.

  10. Describe the burning test of wool. (2mks)
    • Wool smoulders and forms a black bead.
    • It smells like a burning hair or feathers.
    • Once removed from the flame it is self extinguishing.

  11. State two points to consider when choosing a laundry brush. (2mks)
    • The bristles should be firmly an evenly fixed onto the head of the brush.
    • Buy on with bristles made from a good quality material that can last long.
    • The handle should be of a convenient width and length.
    • The handle should be made of good quality material which is light in weight and smooth.

  12. Mention three ways of enhancing personal appearance. (3mks)
    • Proper choice of clothes and accessories.
    • Proper choice and use of cosmetics.
    • Proper diet.
    • Exercise and rest.
    • Good body posture.

  13. Suggest two causes of breast engorgement. (2mks)
    • Cracked nipples.
    • Failure to breastfeed.

  14. Mention two advantages of breastfeeding for the mother. (2mks)
    • Saves the mother time and energy required for sterilizing feeding equipment and preparation of baby’s food.
    • Helps the mothers uterus to return to its normal size and position
    • It is a natural way of family planning to some mothers.

  15. State three uses of openings in garment. (3mks)
    • To allow putting on and off garmets.
    • For decoration.
    • Used as style feature.

  16. Define post-natal care. (1mk)
    • Care given to the mother and her baby after delivery.

  17. State two dangers of poor ventilation. (2mks)
    • Suffocation.
    • Can lead to accidents.
    • Air borne diseases.
    • Discomfort leading to inneffectiveness and low productivity of individuals.

  18. State two rules of stain removal. (2mks)
    • Remove stains while still fresh.
    • Identify the nature of stains and choose an appropriate stain remover.
    • Use a specific stain remover for identified stains.
    • Rinse thoroughly to remove all traces of stain removing agent.

  19. Give two reasons why a kitchen should be well lit. (2mks)
    • To minimize accidents.
    • To avoid shadows on the working area,which will reduce fatique during work.

  20. You are taking care of your sister who is suffering from influenza.
    1. Giving reasons, outline how you would launder her white cotton handkerchief. (10mks)
      • Soak in cold salty water to dissolve mucus.(1mk)
      • Remove from soaking water and rinse off salt.(1mk)
      • Wash in hot soapy water using friction method .(1mk)
      • Rinse thoroughly in hot water to remove all traces of soap and dirt.(1mk)
      • Finally rinse in cold water to freshen fibres.(1mk)and dry in the sun secured on a clothes line with pegs.(1mk)
      • Iron using a hot iron on both sides.(1mk)
      • Air (½ mk)
      • Store appropriately.(½mk)

    2. Explain how to improve a broom to be used to sweep an earthen floor of the kitchen. (4mks)
      • Cut long green grass or reeds.
      • Tie together a bunch of the grass or reeds securing them firmly with a string.
      • Fold or trim the upper end and tie it folded to produce a firm and neat edge.
      • Trim the lower end evenly.(4mks)

    3. Describe how to clean a stained melamine tea cup. (6mks)
      • Soak in vinegar solution for a while to remove the stains.
      • Clean with warm soapy water using cloth or sisal fibre/sponge.
      • Rinse in warm water to remove dirty soapy water.
      • Rinse finally in warm water.
      • Dry with a non fluffy cloth or drain on a rack
      • Buff to shine where necessary.
  21.             
    1. Draw a flow chart to illustrate the classification of texture fibres. (9mks)
    2. Name three important body measurements which must be taken when making a skirt.(3mks)
      • Waist
      • Hips
      • Full length

    3. Give and explain five causes of malnutrirtion . (10mks)
      • Poverty-poor people may not be able to buy enough food which can meet their body’s nutrient requirements.
      • Ignorance-people may lack knowledge on the importance of a balanced diet.
      • Insecurity-in areas where there are civil wars, tribal clashes and border disputes people are not able to concentrate on production. They may also lack access to food stuffs and medical services leading or resulting to malnutrition.
      • Cultural practices-some cultural practices may prohibit some people from taking certain types of food for example some cultures prohibit expectant women from talking certain foods which may lead to malnutrition.
      • Unfavourable climatic conditions leads to malnutrition e.g in the arid and semi arid areas crops and animals may not survive in such areas leading to lack of various types of food.
      • Diseases such as malaria and worm infestation lead to lack of nutrients in the body.
      • Inability of the body to utilize certain nutrients some bodies are not able to utilize certain nutrients which leads to wastage of such nutrients.
  22.      
    1. Mention three nutritional disorders other than Kwashiokor. (3mks)
      • Marasmus
      • Cwiter
      • Kero to malacia
      • Anaemia
      • Rickets
      • Pellagra
      • Scurvy
      • Beriberi

    2. State seven signs and symptoms of Kwashiokor. (7mks)
      • Stomach swells.
      • The skin to develop pale coluar.
      • Brown hair.
      • Retarted growth an dgeneral body weakness.
      • Loss of appetite.
      • Wasting of muscles.
      • Frequent diarrhoea.

    3.              
      1. Define the term ‘Anorexia nervosa’. (2mks)
        • An emotional disorder usually affecting young women in which there is abdominal fear of getting fat, causing the person to stop eating.

      2. State five signs and symptoms of this disorder. (5mks)
        • Thin body.
        • Sudden loss of weight.
        • General body weakness.
        • Depression.
        • The desire to avoid food.(5mks)

    4. Mention six foods that can be included in the diet to prevent occurrence of rickets. (3mks)
      • Fish
      • Cod liver oil
      • Milk
      • Butter
      • Cheese
      • Eggs
      • Margarine.

  23.             
    1.  Fill in the gaps on the colour wheel below. (3mks)
      • a-Yellow green
      • b-Blue green
      • c-Blue
      • d-Blue violet
      • e-Violet
      • f-Red violet
      • g-Red

    2. Describe five reasons for using soft furnishings and give an example in each case. (10mks)
      • For comfort-when one is sleeping or sitting, pillow and cushions.
      • For protection-loose chair covers and bed covers are used to protect expensive up holstery -and bedding from wear and tear.
      • For easy maintenance-loose covers and bed covers are easier and cheaper to launder than dry cleaning upholstery or blankets.
      • For privacy curtains screen the windows during the night an d daytime hence providing privacy
      • Filtering excessive light entering into a room.
      • Warmth and reduction of noise-carpets reduce noise and add warmth to a room.
      • Improving the appearance of unattractive furniture loose covers can be used to cover ugly upholstery and hence the appearance of a room.
      • For decoration –if colours are well chosen to blend with the colour scheme of a room the appearance of the room will be greatly enhanced.

    3. Complete the abbreviated words below.(2mks)
      1. STI-Sexually transmitted infection
      2. TBA- Traditional birth attendant

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