English Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Form 4 End Term 2 Exams 2023

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  • Answer all the questions in this paper.
  • Candidates must answer the questions in English
  • FUNCTIONAL WRITING                                                                       (20mks)
  1. Imagine you were the best KCSE student last year 2020. You have received an invitation to Education Stakeholders Conference to address an audience made up of different stakeholders in education, such as Principals, County Directors, BOM Chairpersons and student leaders. In the speech that you deliver outline the contribution made by your school, teachers, fellow students and any other party towards your success. Remember to mention some of the challenges.
  2. CLOZE TEST                                                                                            (10mks)
    Read the following passage carefully. Fill in each blank spaces with the most appropriate word.
    Minutes are a record of the..........................(1) at a meeting. Usually minutes.........................(2) written while the meeting is.............................(3) progress and the secretary must make an attempt to...........................(4) and write at the same time without missing.............................(5) on any important points or jeopardizing the accuracy. Minutes are...........................(6) records for the sake of future reference............................(7) they are written in correct grammar. Usually they are written in the..........................(8) voice so as to avoid mentioning ......................(9)names because the decisions made at the meeting are..........................(10) group decisions.
  3. Oral skills                                                                                       (30mks)
    1. Read the following poem carefully and answer the questions based on it.
      Madam and the Rent Man

      The rent man knocked
      He said, Howdy-do?
      I said, You know
      Your rent is due.

      I said, Listen
      Before I’d pay
      I’d go to Hades
      And not away!

      The sink is broke,
      The water don’t done a thing
      And you ain’t done a thing
      You promised to ‘ve done

      Back window’s cracked,
      Kitchen floor squeaks,
      There’s rat in the cellar,
      And the attic leaks.
      He said, Madam,
      It’s not up to me,
      I’m just the agent,
      Don’t you see?

      I said, naturally,
      You pass the buck,
      If its money you want,
      You’re out of luck.

      He said, Madam,
      I ain’t pleased!
      I said, neither am I,
      So we agreed.
      1. Identify a feature that makes the above poem an oral poem. (2mks)
      2. Identify two onomatopoeic words in the poem. (2mks)
      3. Imagine you are listening to a live performance of this poem. Mention four things you would do to benefit most from the listening experience.(4mks)
      4. Underline the silent letters in the following words. (2mks)
        1. What
        2. Kitchen
    2. Identify six pairs of words with similar pronunciation from the list below (6mks)
      Sam                       guessed                     quay
      Isle                         key                             I’ll
      Guest                     you                             sum
      Light                      morning                      your
      Some                     ewe                            write
      Same                     night                          mourning
      Island                     cue                            quest
    3. Suppose you are invited to give a talk to an unfamiliar audience in a month’s time. You want to do your best to ensure your audience benefits the most from your talk. Cite four things you would like to find out about the audience so that you prepare appropriately. (4mks)
    4. Read the conversation below and answer the questions that follow;
      Mr Ali: Hello, is that Hekima Secondary school?
      Secretary: Yes, what is your name?
      Mr Ali: Ali Mohammed
      Secretary: What do you want?
      Mr Ali: May I speak to the Principal?
      Secretary:He has travelled abroad. To UK for a conference of Principals. What did you want to tell him?
      Mr Ali: I’m sorry, it is confidential. May I speak to the Deputy?
      Secretary: As usual, he is not in school
      Mr Ali: Oh! I will call later.
      Secretary: Its okay.
      1. Identify four shortcomings in the Secretary’s telephone etiquette. (4mks)
      2. Identify two instances of politeness in the conversation. (2mks)
    5. Explain the meaning of each `of the following sentences brought out by stressing the underlined word in the sentence. (4mks)
      1. Alex admires my courageous personality
      2. Alex admires my courageous personality.
      3. Alex admires my courageous personality.
      4. Alex admires my courageous personality.




  • Salutation – protocol/hierarchy should be observed (1mk)
  • Body/content:
    • contribution by: (At least one contribution)
    • School – Topic sentence (1mk)
                       contribution 1mk
    • Teachers – Topic sentence 1mk
                          contribution 1mk
    • Students – Topic sentence 1mk
                         contribution 1mk
    • Others – Topic sentence 1mk
                      different people eg. Individuals, a group within the school etc. 1mk
    • Conclusion - 1mk
      Total = 9 marks
    • Language: (8mks)

Group D (01 – 02mks)

  • Candidate does not communicate and their language ability is so minimal that the examiner has to guess what they intend to write.
  • Poor use of punctuation marks
  • Hardly any correct sentences
  • Spelling errors
    (Broken usage must be identified)

Group C (03 – 04mks)

  • Lack of confidence in language use
  • Very simple sentences
  • All manner of grammatical errors
  • Mother tongue interference
  • Poor organization of ideas

Group B (05 – 06mks)

  • Communicates fluently with ease of expression
  • Well constructed sentences
  • Good use of vocabulary
  • Some errors

Group A (07 – 08mks)

  • Ease of expression with no errors of punctuation, spelling and grammar.
  • Good planning/organization of ideas.
  • A definite spark
  • Tone (1mk) – Expect expressions indicating the speaker is addressing gentlemen, I wish to…………….


  1. Proceedings
  2. Are
  3. In
  4. Listen
  5. Out
  6. Formal
  7. Hence
  8. Passive
  9. People’s
  10. Considered

QSN 3.  

    1. Dialogue: He said, Howdy-do/ I said, what can I do for you? (2mks)
    2. Cracked squeaks (2mks)
    3. I would:
      • Maintain eye contact with the performer
      • Adopt an upright posture
      • Pay attention to the performer’s non-verbal cues.
      • Avoid distractor. 4x1=4mks
      1. What 1x2=2mks
      2. Kitchen
  2. Guest, guessed
    Isle, I’ll
    Some, sum
    You, ewe
    Right, write
    Morning, mourning     5x1=5mks
    • The age of the audience
    • Their gender
    • Their ethnic/racial composition
    • Their educational background
    • Their religious affiliation
    • Their political affiliation
    • Their economic status
      Any four points 4x1=4mks
    1. The secretary fails to observe telephone etiquette in:
      • She fails to respond to Mr. Ali’s greetings
      • She fails to confirm that Mr. Ali has called Hekima secondary school.
      • She talks rudely e.g. “What do you want?”
      • She fails to end the conversation courteously according to telephone etiquette rules. E.g. Good bye/ good day etc.
      • Ask for the caller’s message rudely “What did you want to tell him?”    Any 4x1= 4mks
    2. “May I” Ali requests to speak to the principal.
      I’m sorry Ali declares to give the secretary the confidential message.
    1. It is Alex, not anybody else, who admires my courageous nature.
    2. Alex has admiration, not any other feeling, towards my courageous nature.
    3. It is my courageous nature, not anybody else’s, that Alex admires.
    4. The trait that Alex admires in me is the courageous nature, not any other trait.        ( 4x1=4mks)s
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