English Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Form 4 End Term 2 Exams 2023

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  • All answers MUST be written in the spaces provided in this questions paper.
  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follows:(20 mks) 

    The research by the Maendeleo yaWanaume Organization that reports a case of reversed roles where men are made to cook, wash clothes, clean the house, utensils and baby sit should reveal more and delve into the causalities rather than issue inflammatory findings with alarming statistics that will only serve to scare courtship. It should be noted with clarity that society at transition are normally treated with a lot of caution, sobriety and reasonableness to avoid and angering the very fabrics that hold the society together. This is because it's a process that takes time to sink, be appreciated and acceptably embraced. Equally, the connotation reversed roles imply replacement of male domination by female domination instead of a I hybrid system where roles are shared equally and help handed out where necessary to supplement each other's effort. Gender refers to women's and men's socially defined roles and characteristics that are shaped by historical, economic, religions, cultural and ethical factors. Gender is learned through socialization; it is not fixed it is changeable. Gender stereotypes therefore include, comments like, women are weak and cowards, gentle while men are bread winners, decisions makers and generally aggressive.

    The African society and Kenya in particular is patriarchal. A social system based on male privilege and power in which women are regarded secondary and created for service of men.

    Patriarchy is mostly for men and that's why men feel threatened when patriarchy is challenged. However, research has shown that not all men are winners under patriarchy.

    This is because patriarchy puts a lot of pressure on men to perform and become workaholic in a struggle to maintain the family, for example, research has shown most millionaires in the US are women, widows of men who died young related to over work.

    Since gender is societal creation and not biology, it can be changed, albeit gradually. The stubborn men who live in the past should be prepared for feminism approach that perceives and interprets social situation from a women's point of view. According to his approach, female oppression should be addressed adequately. Here, the area of focus includes: Education and legal rights for women. Economic rights, that advocates equal access to properties, jobs and career. The puzzle however, is where the approach leaves men, especially if the process is forceful.

    Gender equity is an idea whose time has come as statistics indicate girls perform better than boys in schools and ladies are more preferable by employers than men due to hard work, honesty, loyalty and cost effectiveness. Women must also rise to the occasion, take responsibility with caution and cease to be victims of inferiority complex. Change must not translate to arrogance and revengeful attitudes that will paint women as heartless. Life is meaningless without effective family institution. Let's ensure our society does not fall apart.

    1. Why does the writer describe gender as a socialization process? (2mks)
    2. Describe what is gender stereotyping according to the passage? (2mks)
    3. Distinguish between the hybrid system and the case of reversed roles. (2mks)
    4. Give evidence from the passage that indicates that not all men are winners under patriarchy? (2mks)
    5. What is the writer's tone in the passage? (2mks)
    6. In a summary of about 60 words, describe the writer's attitude towards women.   (7mks)
    7. Explain the meaning of the following words and phrases as used in the passage. (3mks)
      1. Inflammatory------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      2. Sobriety-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      3. Feminism approach----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2. EXTRACT    (25 MARKS)
    Mrs. Linde: I think I have the right to be.
    Nora  :I think so, too. But now, listen to this: I too have something to be proud and glad of.
    Mrs. Linde: I have no doubt you have. But what do you refer to?
    Nora     :Speak low. Suppose Torvald were to hear! He mustn't on any account - no one in the world must know, Christine, except you.
    Mrs. Linde: But what is it?
    Nora      :Come here. (Pulls her down on the sofa beside her.)
    Now I will show you that I too have something to be proud and glad of. It was I who saved Torvald's life.
    Mrs. Linde: "Saved"? How?
    Nora:I told you about our trip to Italy. Torvald would never have recovered if he had not gone there.
    Mrs. Linde: Yes, but your father gave you the necessary funds.
    Nora:(smiling) Yes, that is what Torvald and all the others think, but –
    Mrs. Linde: But —
    Nora:Papa didn't give us a shilling. It was I who procured the money.
    Mrs. Linde: You? All that large sum?
    Nora:Two hundred and fifty pounds. What do you think of that?
    Mrs. Linde: But, Nora, how could you possibly do it? Did you win a prize in the Lottery?
    Nora :(contemptuously) In the Lottery? There would have been no credit in that.
    Mrs. Linde: But where did you get it from, then?
    Nora:(humming and smiling with an air of mystery)Hm, hm! Aha!
    Mrs. Linde: Because you couldn't have borrowed it.
    Nora:Couldn't I? Why not?
    Mrs. Linde: No, a wife cannot borrow without her husband's consent.
    Nora:(tossing her head) Oh, if it is a wife who has any head for business - a wife who has the wit to be a little bit clever -
    Mrs. Linde: I don't understand it at all, Nora.
    Nora:There is no need you should. I never said I had borrowed the money. I may have got it some other way. (lies back on the sofa) Perhaps I got it from some other admirer. When anyone is as attractive as I am -
    Mrs. Linde: You are a mad creature.
    Nora:Now, you know you're full of curiosity, Christine.
    Mrs. Linde: Listen to me, Nora dear. Haven't you been a little bit imprudent?
    Nora    :(sits up straight) Is it imprudent to save your husband's life?
    Mrs. Linde: It seems to me imprudent, without his knowledge, to -

    1. Place the excerpt in its immediate context. 4mks
    2. What major theme comes out in the excerpt? 2mks 
    3. Give two character traits of Nora brought out in the excerpt. 4mks
    4. From elsewhere in the text identify and illustrate two character traits of Mrs Linde. 4 mks
    5. Compare what Mrs Linde has been through to what Nora has gone through and say what it reveals about women. 4mks
    6. Explain dramatic irony as brought our through Nora's revelation.       3mks
    7. I think I have the right to be. (Add a question tag) lmk
    8. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt.      3mks
      1. Contemptuously --
      2. Consent----
      3. Imprudent------
  3. Read the following poem and answer the questions on it.  (20 mks)

    He paid for her seat in the matatu
    And walked away;
    As he disappeared in the city crowd
    All her dreams vanished;

    One more passenger squeezed in
    And lit a cigarette
    She opened the window
    And spat cold saliva out
    As the smoke intensified
    She wanted to vomit:

    She remembered the warm nights
    When she was her man’s pet,
    She remembered the promises
    The gifts, the parties, the dances
    She remembered her classmates at school
    Who envied her expensive shoes,
    Lipstick, wristwatch, handbag
    When she brought to school
    After a weekend with him
    The future stood against her
    Dark like a night without the moon,
    And silent like the end of the world;
    As the matatu sped away from the city
    She began to tremble with fear
    Wondering what her parents would say

    With all hope gone
    She felt like a corpse
    Going home to be buried.
    1. Briefly explain what this poem is about. (3marks)
    2. Who is referred in the first three lines of the poem? ( 2marks)
    3. What is suggested by the lines 2 and 3 of the poem? (2 marks)
    4. Discuss how the poet has used contrast in his poem. (4 marks)
      1. Comment on the imagery used in line 21 and 22. (4 marks)
      2. How do the last two lines indicate the tone of the poem? (2 marks)
    6. with all hope gone
      She felt like a corpse
      Going home to be buried
      Explain the meaning of these lines (3 marks)
  4. GRAMMAR (15mks)
    1. Complete each of the following sentences by filling in the blank space with the correct form of the word in brackets. 4mks
      1. The ________________________ (Mugambi) will be visiting the USA in December.
      2. His behaviour was quite ________________________(become)
      3. There is little evidence of ________________________(diligent) in his school work.
      4. The parliamentary debates are ruled by ________________________(tyrannical) of numbers.
    2. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. 5mks
      1. His visit was a pleasant surprise, (Rewrite as an exclamation)
      2. Their coming did not concern us a lot. (Rewrite using ‘whether’ and ‘least’)
      3. The MP gave the constituents a bus and a limousine for their weddings.(start: Not only ………………….)
      4. The news about the terrorist attack disheartening (use a form of ‘be’)
      5. James wondered how the accused will clear their names. (Rewrite in direct speech)
    3. Fill in the blank spaces with the correct form of a compound noun formed using the word in brackets. (2mks)
      1. There was a ________________________ (stand)
      2. The house needed an extreme________________________ (make)
    4. Fill the blanks with the appropriate prepositions.      2mks
      1. He was seated ________________________his mother throughout the ceremony.
      2. They will travel to Kisumu ________________________ bus.
    5. Use the correct form of the words in the brackets to fill in the blanks. 2mks 
      1. Real ________________________ is hard to maintain.  (friend)
      2. The government spokesman has called on Kenyans to embrace ________________________  (patriot)



  1. It is streamlined through societal and people social needs brought about by historical economic, religious, cultural and ethical factors. (2mks)
  2. Comments such as women are weak and cowards, gentle, nurturing and caring while men are bread winners, decision makes and generally aggressive / association of women with certain roles and men with certain roles.
  3. The hybrid system is where roles are shared equally, help given out where necessary' to supplement each other's efforts but /however the case of reversed roles is where men are made to cook wash clothes clean the house, utensils and baby sit (The contrast must be brought out) (2mks)
  4. Research has shown most millionaires in the U.S. are women; windows of men who died young from diseases related to overwork. (2mks)
  5. Cautions, sensitive/concerned: he says reports on reversed roles should not be inflammatory should not threaten the social fabric; concerned about men where feminism thrives. (2mks)
  6. Not fixed but changeable, gender is learned through socialization.
    1. The writer is supportive / appreciative / encouraging.
    2. Men should be prepared for feminism approach.
    3. Time for gender equality.
    4. Girls perform better than boys.
    5. Ladies are more preferable than men by employers due to hard work, honesty, loyalty and cost effective. Women to take up responsibilities with caution and cease to be victims of inferior complex.(must be 55- 65 words)
      • Must be in continuous prose if not 50% deducted from the total marks.
      • Penalize for expression errors½ at every sentence 1 mk for identification plus any 5 points = 6mks
    1. Inflammatory- provocative / provoking anger/ annoying/ causing anger.
    2. Sobriety - sense / sensitivity.
    3. Feminism approach; ways by which rights and opportunities can be given to women. (1 mk each = 3mks)



  1. Place the excerpt in its immediate context. 4mks
    1. Before:
      Mrs. Linde a longtime friend of Nora arrives in Nora's home and the two talk about the challenges that Mrs. Linde has been going through. She reveals to Nora how she had to sacrifice and live in a loveless marriage for the sake of her sickly mother and her brothers who required her support. She considersNora so lucky assuming that Nora has had an easy life with no issues to worry about.
    2. After.
      Mrs. Linde tries to talk Nora into telling Helmer the truth that it is not Papa who gave the Two Hundred and Fifty Pounds to cater for Tovard’s medication but Nora refuses. Nora tells Mrs. Linde how she had to sacrifice her money and time doing some copying in order to get money to repay the loan. Later, MrsLinde leaves Nora to attend to a visitor (Krogstad) who was at the door.
  2. What two major theme come out in the excerpt? 4mks
    • Place of women in the society - It is believed in this society that a wife cannot borrow without her husband's consent.
    • Deceit/secrecy - For years, Nora has been deceiving Helmer by not disclosing to him that she took a loan. She lies that she got the money from her father.
  3. Give two character traits of Nora brought out in the excerpt. 4mks
    • Secretive - She has guarded the secret of having taken a loan form years. She tells Mrs. Linde that no one in the world must know about it.
    • Deceiving - She has been lying to people, including her husband, that the money used for their trip was sourced from her father when in reality she took a loan.
  4. From elsewhere in the text identify and illustrate one character trait of Mrs Linde.
    • Assertive: she remainssteadfast in her observation and decision that Krogstad should not recall his letter but rather allow Tovard to read such that they could solve the falsehood and concealment
  5. Compare what Mrs Linde has been through to what Nora has gone through and say what it reveals about women. 4mks
    • Both Nora and Mrs. Linde have had to make sacrifices for the sake of their families. Mrs. Linde married a man she did not love so as to take care of her ailing mother and her younger brothers.
    • On her part, Nora had to sacrifice and risk by taking a loan so as to save her ailing husband. This shows that women play a very important role in the sustenance of their families. They go to extra lengths and sacrifice a lot to see to the success of their families. This is however never recognised in most cases.
  6. Explain dramatic irony as brought out through Nora's revelation. 3mks
    • Everybody assumes that the money used by Nora to take her husband to Italy was sourced from her father. Helmer too thinks that the money was from Nora's father but Nora and the reader knows too well that Nora took a loan.
  7. I think I have the right to be. (Add a question tag) lmk
    • haven’t I?
  8. Explain the meaning of the following words as used in the excerpt.
    1. Contemptuously –harshly/crudely
    2. Consent----agreement
    3. Imprudent------unwise/thoughtless


  1. The poem is about  parting/ abandonment of a pregnant school girl by the former lover.
  2. A man responsible for making the girl pregnant.
  3. The man has abandoned the girl or that he will never be seen again.
  4. It is about the past life contrasted to future life. The girl remembers the good moments she used to have with her lover…the warm nights… but now there is no hope for the future …she felt like a corpse..
    1. Use of  similes:..the future is dark like a night without the moon …And silent like the end of the world.   brings out the future life of the girl being devastated.
    2. Tragic/ very sad they implicate death, despair.
  6. She had no much expectations of the future being good.

Grammar (15 mks)

    1. Mugambis
    2. unbecoming
    3. diligence
    4. tyranny
    1. What a pleasant surprise his visit was!
    2. Whether they were coming or not ,was the least of our concern./Whether they were coming or not did not concern us in the least.
    3. Not only did the MP give them a bus but he also gave them a limousine for their  weddings./Not only did the MP give them a bus but also a limousine for their wedding.
    4. is/was
    5. ‘How will the accused clear their names?’ James wondered.
    1. Stand off
    2. make over
    1. beside
    2. by
    1. friendship
    2. patriotism
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