- What is Farming System?
- Intensive Farming System
- Small Scale Farming System
- Large Scale Farming
- Extensive Farming System
- Extensive Nomadic Pastoralism
-Farming system is the organisation of the farm and all the enterprises in relationship to each other.
- Extensive farming
- Intensive farming
- Small scale farming
- Large scale farming
Extensive system:- Involves farming in large piece of land using very little input to produce the desired products.
Small scale farming:- Farming system which involves growing of crops and raising of livestock in small pieces of land for maximum yield per unit area, through use of high levels of labour and capital by application of modern farming technologies
Intensive farming system:-Farming system which involves the commercial production of large quantities of crops and livestock on large farm.
Large scale:- Farming system which involves growing of crops and rearing of animals on large piece of land applying modern farming technologies.
The most important resources determining a farming system are:
Most farmers in Kenya utilises these resources to organise four farming systems
Intensive farming:-(deep litter chicken rearing system) This involves the growing of crops and raising of livestock on small pieces of land for maximum yields and requires high capital , high labour investment and low labour per unit area.
- There is maximum utilization of land
- Can be practiced in densely populated area
- Results in high income and high net revenue for the farmer
- Gives high yield and high quality produce per unit area
- Easier to supervise as it is confined in a small area
- High initial capital is required
- High labour costs are incurred
- Requires a high level of skills and management
- Pests and disease attack can result to high losses
- In effective management leads to big loses.
-Goat rearing in Small scale unit
- Low capital investment
- Low labour requirement and unprofitable
- Maximum land usage.
- Require planning and farm management skills.
- More organized and predictable
- Marketing of produce is difficult
- Production is usually low
- Tea plantation
- It results in high yields
- Economics of scale results to increased profits
- Creates employment while mechanization is not possible.
- Promotes foreign exchange earning for the country
- High capital investment required
- A lot of labour input required
- High level management is needed for Realizing good profit
- Heavy losses can result in the event of pest diseases out breaks
- Involves farming in large piece of land using very little input to produce the desired products.
- The owner usually posses the land title deed which can be used to secure loans.
- The owner can lent part of the land to get income
- Very little inputs required
- Output per unit area is low
- Tenants cannot plant perennial crops
- Sometimes land may remains idle
- Difficult to supervise
- Incase of outbreak, difficult to control diseases and pests
Movement of livestock in search for pasture in a large area
- Require less labour input
- Huge capital investment
- Does not require high level of management skills
- Proper use of marginal land
- Require large area of land
- Incase of outbreak, difficult to control diseases and pests.
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