Kenya Certificate Of Secondary Education (KCSE 2009) History and Government Paper 1

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SECTION A. (25 MARKS)
Answer all the questions in this section in the answer booklet provided.

  1. Identify one branch in the study of History and Government of Kenya. (1 mark)

  2. Apart from the Maasai, name one other plain Nilotes found in Kenya. (1 mark)

  3. What was the main economic activity of the Cushites in the pre-colonial period? (1 mark)

  4. State two political functions of the council of elders among the Agikuyu during the colonial period. (2 marks)

  5. Name two groups that rivaled the Portuguese for the control of the Kenyan coast in the 16th century. (2 marks)

  6. Identify two communities which resisted the British Occupation of Kenya. (2 marks)

  7. Give the main reason why poll tax was introduced in Kenya during the colonial period. (1 mark)

  8. Who was the chairman of the East African Association during the colonial period in Kenya? (1 mark)

  9. Name the first African to be nominated to the Legislative Council in 1944 in Kenya. (1 mark)

  10. Identify two methods used by Trade Unionists to demand for their rights during the colonial period. (2 marks)

  11. State the main reason why the second Lancaster House was held in 1962. (1 mark)

  12. State two roles played by the Kenya African Democratic Union in the struggle for independence in Kenya. (2 marks)

  13. Give two ways through which the government has encouraged the preservation of African Culture through music and dance. (2 marks)

  14. State one way in which the Minister for local government exercises control over Municipal Councils in Kenya. (1 mark)

  15. Name the unit of the police department which is responsible for maintaining law and order at the chief's office. (1 mark)

  16. Who appoints the Head of the Civil Service in Kenya? (1 mark)

  17. Identify two characteristics of African Socialism that promote national development in Kenya. (2 marks)

    SECTION B (45 marks)
    Answer any three questions from this section in the answer booklet provided

    1. Give the evidence which shows that early visitors reached the Kenyan coast before  the 15th century. (3 marks)
    2. Explain six results of the interaction between the people of the Kenyan coast and the Arabs.    (12 marks)

    1. Give three causes of the somali resistance to the british rule in Kenya during the 19th century. (3 marks)
    2. Explain six negative effects of British colonial on the people of Kenya. (12 marks)

  18.  
    1. Why did the colonial government deny the Africans the right to grow cash crops in Kenya before 1954? (3 marks)
    2. Explain six problems faced by the Aficans in urban centres during the colonial period in Kenya. (12 marks)

    1. Give three reasons for the coming of European Christian missionaries to Kenya in the 19th century. (3 marks)
    2. Explain six factors that hindered the work  of early christian missionaries in Kenya. (12 marks)

      SECTION C (30 marks)
      Answer any two questions from this section in the answer booklet provided.

    1. Identify five elements of a good citizenship in Kenya. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five ways in which the harambee philosophy has promoted development of education in Kenya since independence. (10 marks)

    1. What is the importance of the rule of law in Kenya? (3 marks)
    2. Describe six functions of the high court in Kenya. (12 marks)

    1. State five reasons that may lead to a presidential by-election in Kenya. (5 marks)
    2. Explain five functions of the Speaker of the National Assembly in Kenya. (10 marks)

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