PHYSICS PAPER 1 Marking Scheme - 2017 MURANG'A MOCK EXAMINATION

SECTION A (25MKS)

1. Figure I shows a reading of a micrometer screw gauge when a metallic spherical ball of mass 31.2g is measured in it.

If the micrometer screw gauge had a zero error of -0.01; what is
1. The diameter of the sphere (2mks)
7.00+0.34+7.34+0.01 = 7.35mm
2. The density of the ball   (2mks)

1. Name one force that may determine the meniscus of liquid in a glass (1mk)
•  Cohesive force
1. A water pipe of diameter 8.8cm is connected to another pipe of diameter 2.2cm. The speed of the water in the smaller pipe is 40m/s. What is the speed, V1 of the water in the larger pipe? (2 mks)

1. The figure below shows a volumetric flask fitted with a glass tube filled with coloured water which was heated to a temperature of 800c

1. What was observed when the flame was withdrawn and left for some time?  (1mk)
• The level of the water first raises and then dropped.
2. Explain the observation made in 4(a)    (1mk)
• The glass will first contract causing the level to raise, but liquid contract fast than solid hence the levels go down
1. The figure below shows a u-tube connected to a gas supply containing liquids L1 and L2 of densities 1.8g/cm3 and 0.8g/cm3 respectively in equilibrium.
Given that h1=8cm and h2=12cm and the atmospheric pressure is 1.02x105pa. Determine the gas pressure.  (3mks)

1. A cart of mass 35kg is pushed along a horizontal path by a horizontal force of 14N and moves with a constant velocity. The force is then increased to  21N .Determine:
1. The resistance to the motion of the cart.    (1mk)
• Resistance = 12N
2. The acceleration of the cart.      (2mks)
• F = ma therefore a=F/m
21-14 = 7N
a = 7/35
=0.2 m/s2
1. State the unit for spring constant.       (1mk)
• newton per meter
1.
1. How does the position of C.O.G affects the stability of a body?   (1mk)
• The higher the position centre of gravity, the lower the stability and the lower the position centre of gravity the more the stable the body is.
2. The figure below shows a uniform rod AE which is 40cm long .It has a mass of 2kg and pivoted at D. If 2Nis acting at a point E and 30N force is passed through a frictionless pulley, find the value of x acting at end A. (3mks)

• 0.3 + 20 x 0.1 = 30 x 0.2 + 2 x 0.1
0.3x =6.2 - 2.0
x = 14

1. A turntable of radius 16cm is rotating at 960 revolutions per minute .Determine the angular speed of the turntable. (2mks)

ANS: w=2πf
f= 960/60rev/sec=16 rev/s
w= 2 x 16π = 32π rads/s

1. Distinguish between solid and liquid states of matter in terms of intermolecular forces.            (1mk)
• In solids the molecules are held in position by strong intermolecular forces .While in liquid the molecules are held together by weak intermolecular force hence they are able to move randomly.
1. State two environmental hazards that may occur when oil spills over a large surface area of the sea.   (2mks)
• Pollution
• Death of aquatic animals and plant

SECTION B: 55MKS

1.
1. Define mechanical advantage of a machine.   (1mk)
•  It’s the ratio of the low to the effort applied in machine.
2. In an experiment to investigate the performance of a pulley system with a velocity ratio of 5 the following graph was plotted.

From the graph find
1. The effort when the load is 450N    (1mk)
• Effort =115N
2. M.A when the load is 450N     (2mks)
= 450/15
3. The efficiency corresponding to the load of 450N     (2mks)
• efficiency = M.A/V.R x 100
=3.913/5 x 100
=78.26
3. Otieno uses the system in (b) above to exit a body of mass 50kg.It rises with a velocity of  0.15m/s. Determine the power developed by Otieno. (3mks)
• power = force x speed
= 500 x 0.15
=75 watts
1.
1. State the law of floatation (1mk)
• A floating object /body displaces its own weight in the fluid it floats
2. The figure below shows metallic rod of length 10cm and uniform cross section area 4cm2 suspended from a spring balance with 7.5cm of its length immersed in water. The density of metallic rod is 1.5g/cm3 (Take density of water =1.05g/cm3)

Determine
1. The mass of the rod (2mks)
• volume of the rod = BA x h
V = A x L
=4 x 10 =40 cm3
mass = volume x density
=40 x 1.5 = 60g
2. The up thrust acting on the rod  (2mks)

3. The reading of the spring balance  (2mks)

4. The reading of the spring balance when the rod is wholly immersed in water (3mks

3. The figure below shows a special type of a hydrometer for testing relative density of milk. The range of the readings of the hydrometer is 1.015 - 1.045

1. State the purpose of lead shot      (1mk)
• To enable the hydrometer float upright
2. How would the hydrometer be made more sensitive       (1mk)
• Making the stem thinner.
3. Indicate appropriately on the diagram the given range of the readings of the hydrometer that correspond to the points marked X and Y. (1mk

4. The milk is then mixed with another liquid whose density is higher. State what is observed on the hydrometer.     (1mk)
• ANS: The hydrometer will sink less in the liquid mixture
1.
1. What is meant by specific latent heat of vaporization of a substance?     (1mk)
• It’s the amount of leaf required to change a unit mass of liquid to vapour at a constant temperature.
2. In an experiment to determine the specific latent heat of vaporization of water steam at 1000c was passed into water contained in a well lagged copper calorimeter .The following measurements were made.
1. Mass of calorimeter = 60g
2. Mass of water and calorimeter = 145g
3. Final mass of calorimeter +water +condensed steam = 156g
4. Final temperature of the mixture = 480c
Take specific heat capacity f water =420Jkg-1k-1
Specific heat capacity of copper=390Jkg-1k-1
Determine the
1. Mass of condensed steam  (1mk)
• Mass of steam =156-145
=11g
2. The gained by the calorimeter and water if the initial temperature of the calorimeter and water is 200 (3mks)
• Heat gained by water + heat gained by calorimeter.
= 0.055 x 4200 (48 – 20) + 0.06 x 390 x (48 – 20)
= 10651.2 J
3. Given that Lv is the specific latent heat of vaporization of steam, write a simplified expression for the heat given out by steam. (2mks)
• Heat lost by steam = Heat lost by condensing steam + Heat lost by condensed steam
= 0.11 x Lv + 0.11 x 4200 x (100 - 48)
= 0.11Lv + 2402.4
4. Determine the value of Lv above  (2mks)
Heat lost by steam + heat lost by condensed water = Heat gained by water + Heat gained by calorimeter.
= 0.11Lv + 2402.4 = 10651.2
Lv = 749890.9091JKg-1
5. State the assumption made in the experiment above (1mk)
• There are no heat loses.
• There is no change in mass.
1.
1. The speed of a train hauled by a locomotive varies as shown below as it travels between two stations along a straight horizontal track.

Use the graph to determine
1. The maximum speed of the train (1mk)
• Max speed =24m/s
2. The acceleration of the train during the first 2min f the journey(2mks)
• V = u + at
24 = 0 + a x 2
2a = 24
a = 12/60 ms-2
a= 0.2 ms-2
3. Time during which the train is slowing down.    (1mk
• 3min or 3 x 60=180s
4. The total distance between the two stations    (3mks)
• distance = area under the graph
= 1/2 (10+5) x 2 x 60
=10800m
5. The average speed of the train    (2mks)
• 10800/10 x 60
=18 m/s
2. A string of negligible mass has a bucket tied at the end. The string is 60cm long and the bucket has a mass of 45g. The bucket is swung horizontally making 6 revolutions per second.
Calculate
1. The angular velocity           (2mks)
• w=2πf
=2x22/7 x 6
2. The angular acceleration     (2mks)
•   a = rw2
= 0.6 x 37.72
3. The tension on the string.    (2mks)
• F = ma
=0.45 x 853
=38.4
1.
1. The diagram below shows asset up that a student used to investigate pressure law of a gas.

1. State the measurements that should be taken in the experiment   (2mks)
• Temperature
• Pressure
2. Explain how the measurement in (i) above may be used to verify the pressure law. (1mk)
• The air gets heated and its temperature noted with the corresponding values of pressure noted on the gauge
• Several values of temperature (T) and corresponding pressure P are tabulated.
• Graph of P against –T is drawn which straight line is showing that pressure is directly proportional to absolute temp.
2. Name one limitation of the gas laws.   (1mk)
• Gases liquefy at high pressure and very low temperatures .Real gases have parties that occupy space hence they could be compressed to the volume.
3. Oxygen gas of volume of 2500cm3 at 100c and pressure of 3N/m2 is compressed until its volume is 500cm3 at a pressure of 6N/m2 .Determine the new pressure of the gas after this compression in Kelvin.(2mks)

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