BUSINESS STUDIES PAPER 2 - KCSE 2019 ALLIANCE GIRLS MOCK EXAMINATION (WITH MARKING SCHEME)

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INSTRUCTIONS

  1.  
    1. Outline any five differences between private limited liability company and public limited liability company. (10mks)
    2. Describe five accounting documents used in home trade. (10mks)
  2.  
    1. The table below shows the demand and supply schedules for product A in a week.
      Price(sh)                   Quantity demanded          Quantity supplied
                                          (‘000’ tonnes)                     (‘000’ tonnes)
      35                                            5                                              80
      30                                            10                                            65
      25                                            20                                            55
      20                                            25                                            40                               
      15                                            30                                            35
      10                                            40                                            20
      5                                              55                                            5
      Use the information in the table above, draw the demand and supply curve showing the market equilibrium for the produce.                                                                       (10mk)
    2. Explain five benefits that a firm may enjoy by preparing a business plan. (10mks)
  3.  
    1. Traders are required to observe ethical practices when carrying out product promotion. Explain five reasons for observing such ethical practices (10mks)
    2. Explain five benefits that may be realized by a country as a result of government policy to relocate Industries to rural areas. (10mks)
  4.  
    1. Outline any five factors to consider while locating a ware house. (10mks)
    2. On 1stSeptember 2015, Miriam had sh 55,000 in hand and sh. 250,000 in bank. During the month the following transactions took place.
      Sep 2:        Cash sales banked sh 35,260
      Sep 3:        Bought ribbons in cash sh 4,500
      Sep 8:        Paid Wangila, a creditor sh 94,000 by cheque in full settlement of his account after deduction 6% cash discount.
      Sep 12:     Received a cheque for sh 58,800 from Wetu after allowing her cash discount of sh 1,200
      Sep 15:     Paid salaries of sh 34,000 in cash
      Sep 25:     Withdrew sh 50,000 from bank for office use.
      Sep 28:     Anyango a debtor paid her account of sh 75,000 by cheque less 10% cash discount.
      Sept 30:    Deposited all the cash into the bank except sh 13,700

      Prepare a three column cash book and balance it off.                                                           (10mks)
  5.  
    1. Explain any five uses of National Income Statistics (10mks)
    2. The following trial balance related to Tai Traders as at 31st December 2014
      bs5ret
      Required: Prepare trading profit and loss account.                                                         (10mks
  6.  
    1. Explain any five reasons why one would prefer to transport goods on road than rail.(10mks)
    2. On 1st January 1993 Makena started a business with sh 120,000 cash and sh 300,000 in the bank.
      The following transactions were done in the month of January 1993.
      January 3:            Bought goods worth sh 60,000 by cheque
      January 10:          Sold goods worth sh 35,000 cash
      January 14:          Bought goods worth sh 90,000 cash from Odero
      January 18:          Paid wages sh 18,000 by cash
      January 20:          Withdrew sh 40,000 from bank for office use.
      Required;
      Record the above transactions in the relevant ledger account, balance them off and extract a trial balance.                                                                                                                (10mks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. Differentiate between Private limited company and public limited liability company   (10mks)

      Private limited company

      Public limited liability company

      a)can be formed by minimum of 2 shareholders

      a) Can be formed by a minimum of 7 shareholders

      b)Formed by a maximum of 50 shareholders

      b) Has no set maximum

      c)Does not sell or advertise its shares to the public

      c) Advertise and sells its shares to the public

      d)Does not allow the transfer of shares without consent from other shareholders

      d) Shares can be freely transferred from one person to the other in the stock exchange

      e)Can start operating after receiving a certificate of incorporation

      e) Cannot start operating until it is issued with the license of trading and approval of the prospectus.

      f)Audited financial statements need not be published and filed with the registered of companies

      f) Audited financial statements must be published and filed with register of companies

    2.  
      • Invoice – Document sent by the seller to the buyer demand payment for goods supplied.
      • Debit note – A document sent from the seller to the buyer to correct undercharge in the invoices.
      • Credit note – Document sent by the seller to the buyer to correct overcharge.
      • Receipt – It is a document issued from the seller to the buyer when payment is made for goods
      • Statement of account – Is a document sent from the seller to buyer showing details or balances of tra-sections for the month
      • Payment voucher – A document used to validate payment for goods and services rendered
      • Consignment note – To support hire of carrier services
  1.  
    1.  
      BS2RET
    2.  
      • Used in sourcing for finance /capital/loans/credit – It can be used to convince - financial Institutions and investors to fund the firm’scooperation. (10mks)
      • A tool of evaluation / help in avoiding mistakes – can be used to determine whether the firm is achieving its goals.
      • A tool of management/help in avoiding mistakes – can be used for structuring /implementation of firm’s activities.
      • Give a firm competitive edge – Enable the firm to get better understanding of the market.
      • Motivational tools/creates team work – In accomplishing the objectives of the firm.
      • Adaptability tool – Creates room to cope with changes
        Any other relevant well explained 5 x 2=10mks
  1.  
    1.  
      • To avoid misleading consumers – By not making false claim about their products.
      • To ensure that consumers are not offended – By not making use of appeal that goes against their cultural values.
      • To avoid exploiting certain vulnerable groups since they lack the knowledge.
      • To avoid negative influence on consumer (value and lifestyle) – That may lead to immorality /ill health.
      • To avoid portraying viral businesses negatively – In an attempt to capture market.
      • To create a positive image /reputation of the business hence maintaining customers loyalty / retain market share
      • To abide by the law of the country so as to avoid lawsuit/conflict.
      • To avoid environmental pollution – By using environmentally friendly promotional materials.
        Any other relevant well explained 5 x 2=10mks
    2. Benefits that may be realized by a country as a result of government policy of relocating industries to rural areas.
      • Reduced income disparities/inequalities/even distribution income- As more people have access to jobs/income generating activities.
      • Availability of auxiliary services / subsidiary/service industry – which lead to (faster) development of rural areas.
      • Creates jobs/increased job opportunities / more jobs available/reduce unemployment – In all regions of the country.
      • Increased utilization of resources /factors of production – Locally available factors of production (will be used) that would otherwise be idle.
      • Balanced economic development – As economic activities/firms are spread throughout the country.
      • Minimizes pollution in one area- Thus believing the extreme/severe impact.
      • Creation/expansion of market – For goods and services/raw materials produced in rural areas
        Any other relevant well explained 5 x 2=10mks
  1.  
    1. Factors to consider when locating a warehouse
      • Availability of adequate security
      • Availability of auxiliary services eg banks
      • Enough land for future expansion
      • Nearness to the point of production, sale or supply.
      • Compliance with the government regulations
      • Good means of transport – easily accessible to bring goods in and out of the warehouse
      • Good communications network – To easily pass information between the warehouse and the customers/suppliers
        Any other relevant well explained 5 x 2=10mks
    2. Miriam
      3 column cash book

      bs3column
  1.  
    1. Uses of National income
      • Used to determine the performance of the economy – An increase of the N.1 may mean better performance of the economy and vice versa.
      • The country is able to determine the level of economic growth – By comparing the GDP over several years.
      • Helps investors to make informed decisions – On which sector to invest and when to invest.
      • Used by government as a tool of supporting their request for foreign aid.
      • Comparing economic performance of different countries.
      • Helps compete the standards of living between two countries.
      • Helps government to understand the income distribution in the country.
        Any other relevant well explained 5 x 2=10mks
    2. TAI TRADERS
      TRADING PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT
      FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER 2014
      BS5RET
      NB: Wrong gross profit correctly brought down to the P & L account a word.
      Net profit derived from wrong gross profit award , but all other entries must be correct to attract awarding.
  1.  
    1. Road transport is suitable over short distances since it is relatively fast compared to rail transport. (10mks)
      • There is flexibility in road transport since collection and delivery can be done at the convenience of the owner of the goods.
      • Road transport can provide door to door service. This reduces the amount of handling and increases the safety of the goods.
      • Road transport provides for specially designed vehicles to transport specialized goods e.g takers to transport oil etc
      • Road transport does not have a fixed schedule hence one can transport his goods at any time.
      • One can decide to own the vehicle so as to have more control since it is relatively cheap compared to a train.
      • If the quantity to be transported is small then road transport is mot appropriate.
      • The road network in this country is better than that of the rail network.
        Any other relevant well explained 5 x 2=10mks
    2.  
      CASH IN HAND A/C
      Dr                                                   Cr

      1993

      Jan 1 capital   120,000

      Jan 10 sales 35,000

      Jan 20 Bank 40,000

      195,000

      Jan 20 Balance b/d 87,000

      1993

      Jan 14 purchases 90,000

      Jan 18 wages 18,000

      Jan 20 Balance c/d 87,000

      195,000


      CASH AT BANK A/C 
      Dr                                                      Cr

      1993

      Jan 1 capital   20,000

      200,000

      Jan 20 Balance b/d   100,000

      1993

      Jan 5purchases      60,000

      Jan 12 cash 40,000

      Jan 20  Balance c/d    100,000

      200,000


      CAPITAL A/C
      Dr                                            Cr

      1993

      Jan 20 Balance c/d320,000

      1993

      Jan 1    cash     120,000

      Jan 1 Bank200,000

      320,000

      Jan 20 Balance b/d 320,000


      PURCHASES A/C
      Dr                                                  Cr

      1993

      Jan 5  Bank   60,000

      Jan 14 Cash 90,000

      150,000

      Jan 20 Balance b/d 150,000

      1993

      Jan 20 Balance c/d 150,000

      150,000

      SALES A/C 
      Dr                                            Cr

      1993

      Jan 20     Balance c/d 35,000

      1993

      Jan 10     Cash    35,000

      Jan 20   Balance b/d         35,000


      WAGES A/C
      Dr                                                 Cr

      1993

      Jan 18 Cash  18,000
      Jan 20 Balance b/d      18,000

      1993

      Jan 20  Balance c/d  18,000


      MAKENA
      TRIAL BALANCE
      AS AT 20TH JANUARY 1983

      Details

      Dr

      Cr

      Cash

      Bank

      Capital

      Purchases

      Sales

      Wages

      87,000

      100,000

      150,000

      18,000

      320,000

      35,000

      355,000

      355,000


      Total marks 30 x 1/3 = 10mks
      Total ticks = 30


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