English Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Bondo Joint Mocks Exams 2022

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Questions

Instructions to candidates

  • Answer three questions only.
  • Question 1 and 2 are compulsory.
  •  In question 3 choose only one of the optional set texts you have prepared on.
  • Where a candidate presents more than one optional set text, only the first one to appear will be marked.
  • Each of your essays must not exceed 450 words.
  • All your answers must be written in the spaces provided.
  • Candidates must answer the questions in English.

Answer three questions only

  1.  Imaginative Composition (Compulsory) (20 marks)
    Either
    1. Write a story beginning:
      It turned out that it was the best decision I ever made …
      Or
    2. Write a composition explaining how road accidents can be reduced in Kenya.
  2. The Compulsory Set Text (20 marks)
    Henrik Ibsen, A Doll’s House
    Human relationships are bound to break during hard times. Using relevant examples of the actions of female characters from Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, write an essay in support of this statement.
  3. The Optional Set Texts (20 marks)
    Answer any one of the following three questions.
    Either
    1. The Short Story
      Moran (Ed.), Memories We Lost and Other stories (20 marks)
      Lack of trust destroys relationships. Using illustrations from Dilman Dila’s Stones Bounce on Water, write an essay to illustrate the truth of this statement.
      Or
    2. Drama (20 marks)
      David Mulwa, Inheritance
      In order for a dictatorial government to be kept on check, the citizens must exhibit courage and sacrifice. With reference to David Mulwa’s Inheritance, write an essay to illustrate this statement.
      Or
    3. The Novel (20 marks)
      John Steinbeck, The Pearl
      Despair and misery are brought about by racism. Referring closely to John Steinbeck’s, The Pearl, write an essay to support this statement.

Marking Scheme

Paper 101/3 is intended to test the candidate’s ability to communicate in writing.

Communication is established at different levels of intelligibility correctness, accuracy, fluency pleasantness and originality. Within the constraints set by each question, it is the linguistic competence shown by the candidate that should carry most of the marks.
Examiners should not hesitate to use the full range of marks for each essay. It is important to determine first how each essay communicates and in which category A,B,C or D it fits in.
(The marks indicated below are for question one)

D CLASS (01 – 05)
The candidate either does not communicate at all or his language ability is so minimal that the examiner practically has to guess what the candidate wants to say. The candidate fails to fit the English words he/she knows into meaningful punctuation. All kinds of errors/ Broken English

  • D- 01–02: Chaotic, little meaning whatsoever. Question paper or some words from it simply copied.
  • D 03 : Flow of thought almost impossible to follow. The errors are continuous
  • D+ 04-05: Although the English is often broken and the essay is full of errors of all types, the examiner can at least guess what the candidate wants to say.

C CLASS (06 - 10)
The candidate communicates understandably but only or less clearly. He is not confident with his language. The subject is often undeveloped. There may be some digression. Unnecessary repetitions are frequent. The arrangement is weak and the flow jerky. There is no economy of language mother tongue influence is felt.

  • C- 06 -07: The candidate obviously finds it difficult to communicate his/her ideas. He/she is seriously hampered by his/her very limited knowledge of structure and vocabulary. This results in many gross errors of agreement spelling misuse of prepositions, tenses, verb agreement and sentence construction
  • C 08: The candidate communicates but not with consistent clarity. His/her linguistic abilities being very limited, he/she cannot avoid frequent errors in sentence structure. There is little variety or originality. Very bookish English links are weak, incorrect, repeated at times.
  • C+ 09 -10 The candidate communicates clearly but in a flat and uncertain manner. Simple concepts sentences forms are often strained. There may be an overuse of clichés, unsuitable idioms. Proverbs are misquoted or misinterpreted. The flow is still jerky. There are some errors of agreement, tenses and spelling.

B CLASS (11 – 15) This class is characterized by greater latency and ease of expression. The
Candidate demonstrates that he/she can use English as a normal way of expressing
himself/herself. Sentences are varied and usually well-constructed. Some candidates become ambitious and even over ambitions. There may be items of merit of the one word or one expression type. Many essays in this category may be just clean and unassuming but they still show that the candidate is at ease with the language. There may be a tendency to under mark such essays. Give credit for tone

  • B – 11 -12: The candidate communicates fairly and with some fluency. There may be little variety in sentence structure. Gross errors are still found occasionally but this must not be over punished by the examiner.
  • B 13: The sentences are varied but rather simple and straight forward. The candidate does not strain himself in an effort to impress. There is a fair range of vocabulary and idiom. Natural and effortless. Some items of merit economy of language.
  • B+ 14 -15: The candidate communicates his ideas pleasantly and without strain. There are errors and slips. Tenses, spelling and punctuation are quite good. A number of items of merit of the “whole sentence” or the “whole expression” type.

A CLASS
The candidate communicates not only fluently but attractively with originality and efficiency. He/she has the ability to make us share his deep feelings, emotions, enthusiasms. He/she expresses himself freely without any visible constraint. The script gives evidence of maturity, good planning and often humour. Many items of merit which indicate that the candidate has complete command of the language. There is no strain, just pleasantness, clever arrangement, felicity of expression

  • A- 16 -17: The candidate shows competence and fluency in using the language. Vocabulary, idiom, sentence structure, links variety are impressive. Gross errors are very rare.
  • A 18: Positive ability. A few errors that are felt to be slips. The story or argument has a definite impact. No grammar problem. Variety of structures. A definite spark. Many margin ticks.
  • A+ 19 -20: The candidate communicates not only information and meaning, but also and especially the candidate’s whole self: his/her feelings, tastes, points of view, youth, culture. This ability to communicate deeply may express itself in a wide range of effective vocabulary original approach, vivid and sustained account in the case of a narrative, well developed and ordered argument in the case of a debate or discussion. Errors and slips should not deprive the candidate of the full marks he/she deserves. A very definite spark.

Questions 1a
Points of Interpretation

  1. It must be a story, if not deduct up to 4 marks depending on the level of irrelevancy.
  2. The opening statement must appear at the beginning, if not, deduct 2 marks (2AD).
  3. The story must bring out a situation in which the narrator had several (or more than one) choices to make and the one he/she selected, even though it appeared unpopular, yielded the best results. If not, treat it as irrelevant, and deduct 2 marks (2AD).

Question 1b

  1. Must be explanatory/discursive, if not deduct 2 marks (2 AD)
  2. Must be focused on explaining how road accidents can be reduced in Kenya. If not, deduct up to 4 marks depending on the level of irrelevancy.

NOTE
GROSS ERRORS

  1. Almost any error of agreement.
  2. Serious tense errors.
  3.  Errors of elementary vocabulary spelling and misuse of words.
  4. Punctuation errors of sentence construction.
  5. Elementary errors of sentence construction.
  6. Ridiculous use of idioms thus affecting communication.
  7. Misuse of common prepositions.
  8. Misuse of capital letters.
    • All gross errors should be double underlined.
    • Do not correct the candidate’s work

NB
BREVITY.
It should be remembered that the quality of an essay is how effectively is communicates. If any essay looks too short, the examiner should take the time to count the exact number of Words.
Not to exceed 450 words.

Question 2
Introduction
When human beings face challenges, there are always attempts to overcome them. In the process
of trying to solve the problem, they are bound to be misunderstood by their partners which can
bring to a breakup an otherwise strong relationship/ bond. This is the case of female characters in
Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll’s House.

Body

  1. Nora acquiring loan
    • When Nora’s husband falls ill, the doctor recommends that he has to be taken for treatment in the South. This brings about a situation worth making a decision about. As things stand, Nora does not have any income to sustain the trip. She however has to save her husband’s life. In her quest to save her husband, she decides to seek for a loan from Krogstad who draws a bond that needs to be signed by Nora and her father. At this point however, Nora’s father is equally very sick and Nora cannot imagine taking for him the bond to sign. In this confusion, Nora decides to forge her father’s signature and as a result receives 250 pounds from Krogstad which enables them to travel to Italy. Torvald is hence treated. Later, Nils betrays Nora by writing a letter informing Torvald how the money to take him to Italy had been acquired. Helmer cannot take this lying down as a man. He calls Nora all sorts of names and even bars her from interacting with the children. This makes Nora very angry as she had done that out of her love for her husband. She decides to walk out of her marriage with Helmer.
  2. Nora walking out of her family
    • After Helmer has read the letter from Krogstad revealing the secrets of the bond, Helmer is so furious. He refers to Nora as a criminal, a hypocrite and a liar. This is despite the fact that Nora saved his life by acquiring the loan from Krogstad and taking him to Italy for treatment. In fact, Helmer warns Nora against interacting with the children as she would poison their minds. This situation is beyond Nora’s comprehension as she cannot believe that her husband can be that ungrateful. Even when Krogstad writes another letter forgiving Nora and promising not make the whole issue public, Nora is still adamant to forgive Helmer, she acted out of good will but Helmer abused her and looked down upon her. She decides to end the marriage by walking out on her family. She did not want to continue living in their family house yet she Helmer had barred her from being around the children.
  3. Mrs Linde leaving her first marriage
    • Mrs. Linde decides to give up on the man she loves for a richer man. Faced with an ailing mother and two young brothers, she has no choice but to choose the tougher option. She believes that the rich man would take care of her financial needs and help her take care of her family. As a result, her marriage with Krogstad collapses. Even though her mother eventually dies and the two brothers are old enough to take care of themselves, her marriage is no more as she tells Nora that even her rich husband had died and she had no one to live for. She had to put up with loveless marriage for her mother and brothers, when her husband dies, she finds no reason to mourn just because it was by sacrifice that she got married to him.
  4. Anne leaving her daughter
    • Mother and daughter are also separated. Anne, Nora’s nurse, sacrifices her comfort in order to take care of Nora, and later Nora`s children. Anne leaves behind her own daughter behind because she had no means to take care of her and moves in with Nora`s family to become Nora`s nurse. Nora had no mother, and Anne filled in this gap with lots of love. Nora wonders how Anne had the heart to give up raising her own child in order to feed her own family. She gladly takes care of Nora`s children too, and contents herself with letters from her daughter on important occasions such as wedding.

Conclusion

  • It is evident that human relationships can sometimes be affected by difficult circumstances which
  • lead to separation of people who are otherwise supposed to be together.
    Marking points
    Introduction 2mks.
    Four well illustrated points 3:3:3:3.
    Valid conclusion 2mks.
    Language up to 4 marks.

Question 3 a

Introduction
Any affair based on mistrust and lies is bound to fail. This is portrayed in the short story Stones Bounce on Water by Dilman Dila.
Body

  1. Winnie and her husband
    • There exists great mistrust in the marriage of Winnie and her husband Peter; a very uncomfortable marriage. Winnie suspects that Peter and Chelsea have an affair and goes ahead to expose her suspicion and the husband vehemently retrains her p145, 152. She argues that her death would give the two lovers free moments to live together, p160, 163.
  2. Winnie and the Paulson’s
    • Winnie suspects that the Paulson’s are out to kill her so that they run the charity organization they share. When the firecracker goes off, Winnie believes it was deliberate and intended to harm her, p148. When she slumps onto Meg’s chair and unknowingly and slips the tea laced with
      Waragi, she becomes convinced that it was all planned against her until Joe corrects her, p 149. She apologizes but remains suspicious. The police also believed the Paulson’s sent their children away to spare them the trauma of witnessing murder, p147. Winnie at the end is murdered.
  3. Winnie and Tim Collins
    • The other cause of mistrust could be inheritance. Tim Collins is the only relative outside marriage that would want to inherit Winnie’s wealth. He visits the dreaded pond in company of Simon; gets to know its location and the fact that it was feared and abandoned. This makes Winnie suspect him, p152. Tim Collins is suspected to have hired a dart gun from a poacher in Kenya that could have been used to drug the watchman, Okello. The fact that he was the best man in Chelsea/Peter wedding makes him suspect number 1. After the wedding, they struggled
      over the wealth, making it easy for the court to decide, p163.
  4. Winnie and Chelsea
    • Chelsea is a partner of Winnie in a chain of shopping malls. In case she died, Chelsea stood a chance of having all of them to herself. Winnie mistrusts her and believes she is nurturing a love affair with Peter, p152. After Winnie’s murder, Chelsea and Peter were reported to have married. The Paulson’s skipped the wedding.
  5. Winnie and Meg
    • Meg’s secret of having secret bottles is revealed in Winnie sipping tea from her cup. This shakes their relationship since the truth is revealed.

Conclusion

  • In conclusion, it is therefore correct to argue that whenever we doubt people around us, we end up hurting them. Suspicion is hence the source of all troubles in most relationships.
    • Marking points
    • Introduction 2mks.
    • Four well illustrated points 3:3:3:3.
    • Valid conclusion 2mks.
    • Language up to 4 marks.

Question 3b

Inheritance

Introduction

  • Entrenched dictatorship is very difficult to bring to an end. However, this is possible when men and women of courage, determination and selflessness take the initiative to save the citizens.
  • This is true of Kutula Republic in David Mulwa’s Inheritance where Lacuna Kasoo’s dictational regime in brought to an end.
    Any Other relevant introduction 2 marks
    1. Romanus Bengo
      • Has been detained for years due to being against Lacuna Kasoo’s bad leadership
      • He fights for the poor at the expense of his family – Tamina says “ You would have put your family a head of your politics” pg 21
      • He has been released and promises to change “Take up the fight where I left off when you can see better days a head for all, it is a crime not to sacrifice” pg 22
      • Lacuna wants to enlist the services of Bengo’s brother Zen Melo to eliminate him pg 23
      • Bengo’s selfless efforts see him assemble a team in the forest to overthrow
        Lacuna – “Group A and B converge as a greed. No weapons though……………” pg 124
      • He leads a revolution that overthrows Lacuna and installs Rev Sangoi as the new leader.
    2. Juda Zen Melo
      • Brother to Romanus Bengo
      • A party official
      • lacuna tries to bring him close to eliminate Bengo but he refuses “ I cannot betray my own blood, and the mother who bore me and him” pg 23
      • Lacuna sends thugs to attack him and they dumped his mangled body at the government house doorstep and his life saved by Dr. Jonathan.
      • Juda has been on the run for his life from town to town while his family suffers at home pg 34.
      • In the end Lacuna follows Zen Melo to the mines where he was working as a machine operator and kills him in arranged machine accident.
    3. Reverend Sangoi
      • Stands against her brother, Lacuna Kasoo’s bad rule
      • Lacuna make her minister for Reclamation and Remedies to facilitate the displacement of residents of Bukelenge valley
      • Works with Bengo to peacefully overthrow Lacuna pg 102 – 103.
      • She agrees to lead the people on the condition that after that the people will elect their own leader and allow her to go back to the pulpit.
      • She finally takes over with the promise of freedom.
    4. Tamina
      • Zen Melo’s wife
      • Has been always against Lacuna’s rule and refuses to allow Lulu her daughter to accompany the dance troupe to the palace.
      • She refuses to be compromised by Lacuna Kasoo when her husband had been killed in an arranged accident. She spat on the faces of Lacuna’s messengers and chased them away with a cooking spoon.
      • Taminas support Rev Sangoi’s revolution “Let their army come! ………………. we will stand behind you………. with our spades, hoes, doves and branches…………” pg 98
      • When Lulu is brought in during the takeover Tamina deliberately walks to Lacuna and slaps him hard across the cheek.
      • Tamina and Lulu drags a helpless Lacuna off the throne.
    5. The Citizens
      • They mobilise themselves everywhere to overthrow Lacuna in a peaceful way.
      • They are armed with no weapons but only hundreds of doves
      • The masses shout DOWN WITH LACUNA
      • Lacuna’s order to violently disperse them become.
        Relevant introduction 2 marks
        Expect any four well illustrated points
        mark 3: 3: 3: 3 12 marks
        Relevant Conclusion 2 marks
        Grammar and Presentation 4 marks
        20 marks

Question 3c

The Pearl
Introduction

  • Racial prejudice practiced in many parts of the globe now and in the past has had negative impact on the victims. This is manifested in deprivation, subjugation or any other evils. This is true of the indigenous Mexicans, Kino’s race who have suffered in the hands of Spanish people for generation.
    1. Baptism of Coyotito
      • The priest is an agent of the racist colonial masters.
      • He has not baptized Coyotito because Kino does not have money – the colonial masters have ensured the indigenous remain in poverty.
      • The Priest, a white, remembers this only when he realizes Kino can now afford the cost when he gets the Pearl of the world. He considers Kino’s race children and treated them so. This is evident as the indigenous hold the Priest in awe as he comes to Kino’s house
        pg 47
    2. Marriage in Church
      • Kino has also failed to solemnize his marriage in Church. He has longed for this but he did not have the money to give the racist Priest.
      • When Kino gets the Pearl of the world, his immediate wish is to used. Again, that is the time the racist Priest reminds him about marrying in Church.
    3.  The Scorpion Sting
      • Racial Prejudice is manifest when Coyotito is sting by scorpion.
      • The neighbours and even Kino believe that the doctor cannot come to the brush houses when Kino and neighbours take the child to the doctor, he makes racist remarks saying he is a doctor not a veterinary. He became angry.
      • He refuses to treat Coyotito because Kino cannot pay. ‘Have I nothing better to do than cure insect bites for little Indians’ pg 28
      •  In the end Kino is left alone standing at the doctor’s gate in shame as the servant says the doctor has gone out yet he is in pg 28.
    4. Education
      • The racist Colonists have left the indigenous in ignorance. They don’t have access to good education. That is why Kino insists that Coyotito must go to school and in good uniform pg 45 – 46. The neighbours think this is impossible.
      • Kino want the child to go to School so that he can acquire the knowledge so that the Parent’s ignorance can be driven away since their son knows – “he will know and through him we shall know” pg 46
    5. Deprivation
      • There’s contrast between the life of the indigenous who have been kept in poverty and the whites.
      • Kino’s race mainly live in brush house in clusters. This contrasts sharply with the city of stone and plaster with well fenced beautiful homes like the doctor’s.
      • Even the meals Kino take of corncake and pulque contrasts to the doctors sweat cake.
      • They are encouraged by the racist Priest to maintain the status que on pg 68
      • “………. but each one must remain faithful to his post and must not go running about else the castle is in danger from the assaults of Hell”.
    6. Exploitation
      • The indigenous Mexicans are exploited. They are Pearl fishers but they offered very poor prices for their valuable gems.
      • “ The Pearls had raised the King of Spain to be a great power in Europe in past years, had helped to pay for his wars, and had decorated the Churches for his souls sake” pg 34
      • Despite this the fishermen are paid peanuts as seen in Kino’s experience with his great Pearl.
      • We are told a man once offered the Pearls to the Church instead of taking very low price.
      • The Priest also encourages the status quo so that getting better money is against religion
    7. Subjugation/Cruelty
      • The indigenous were treated with cruelty.
      • Kino hated the doctor’s race. The doctor was from a race which nearly for four hundred years had beaten and stowed and robbed and despised Kino’s race pg 26
      • The doctors race talked to Kino’s race as if they were simple animals pg 26
        Expect any 4 well illustrated points mark
        3: 3: 3: 3 12 marks
        Relevant Conclusion 2 marks
        Grammar and Presentation 4marks
        20 marks

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