Agriculture Paper 1 - Alliance High School Pre-Trial Examination 2018

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ALLIANCE HIGH SCHOOL

Agri. 443/1
Agriculture paper 1
Pre trial Examinations 2018
2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • The paper has sections A, B and C attempt all questions in section A and B and answer only two questions in section C.

Section A (30 Marks)

Answer ALL questions in this section on the space provided

  1. State the four advantages of landlordism and tenancy (2 mark)
  2. State the advantages of intensive farming (2 marks)
  3. State three classes of pesticides according to mode of action (11/2 marks)
  4. State four advantages of row planting. (2 marks)
  5. State any four fungal diseases of crops (2 mks)
  6. State any four ways of adjusting to risks and uncertainties, (2 marks)
  7. State three tertiary operations in land preparation (1 1/2 marks)
  8. State the four roles of calcium in crop production (2 marks)
  9. State four factors that influence depth of planting. (2 marks)
  10. State three importance of using nursery bed in crop production. (1 1/2 marks)
  11. State two diseases of tomatoes.(1 mark)
  12. State three uses of micro catchment in agriculture. (1 1/2 marks)
  13. State three methods of water catchment. (1 1/2 marks)
  14. State the effects of HIV/AIDS limit agricultural production (4 marks)
  15. State four effect of early defoliation of forage crops.. (2 marks)
  16. Name any three varieties of beans. (1 1/2 marks)

SECTION B (20 marks)

  1. Distinguish between propping and trelishing. (2 marks)
  2. Below is a diagram of a crop pest.

    crop pest

    1. Identify the past. (1 mark)
    2. State the damage caused by the pest. (1 mark)
  3. Give the meaning of the following terms
    1. Nitrogen fixation in the soil, (1 marks)
    2. Phosphorus fixation in loss of soil fertility. (1 marks)
  4. State four agriculture practices that cause pollution. (2 marks)
  5. The diagrams below are of common weeds. Study them and answer the question below. (2 mark)

    common weeds


    Identify the weeds in question 19.
  6. Below is a farm record kept in the farm. Study it and answer the question that follow.

    Date House No No of Layers Amount of feed(kg) Balance in store Remarks
               
               
               
               


    1. Identify the type of record illustrated above. (1 mark)
    2. Otieno had 1,084 kgs of layers mash in store. On 1st February 2015, he fed 780 layers in house number 2 with 50 kgs of layers mash. Enter this information in the above farm record (1 mark)
  7. The diagram below illustrates an investigation on a property of soil using soil samples labelled J,K and L.

    soil properties

    1. If the level of water shown on the diagram were observed after three hours, name the property of soil being investigated (1 mark)
    2. what is the relationship between the soil property named in (a) above and the size of soil particles? (1 mark).
    3. Which soil sample would be suitable for growing paddy rice. (1 mk)
  8. Below is a diagram of manure preparation. Study it and answer the questions below.

    manure preparation


    1. Name the type of the organic manure. (1 mark)
    2. Name the role of following components;
      1. Top soil. (1 mark)
      2. Old organic manure (1 mk)
      3. Wood ash. (1 mk)
      4. Wood stick (1 mark)

SECTION C(40 marks)
Attempt only two questions in this section.

  1.  
    1. The following information was obtained from Upendo Farm inventory on 1st January 2013.

      ITEM VALUE Ksh
      Layers 80,000
      Beef cattle 240,000
      Beans in store 40,000
      Cash at hand 15,000
      Land 550,000
      Machinery 250,000
      Buildings 310,000
      Calves 75,000


      On the same day the farm recorded the following

      ITEM VALUE Ksh
      Wages payable 5,000
      Interest payable 8,000
      Bank loan 725,000
      Milk sales on credit 12,000
      Chicken sales on credit 6,000
      Cash in bank 52,000
      Purchase of fertilizer on credit 26,000
      Taxes payable 3,000


      Use the information provided above to prepare a balance sheet for Upendo Farm (6 marks)
    2. State six ways of improving labour productivity on the farm. (6 marks)
    3. Discuss cultural methods of soil and water conservation (8 marks)
  2.  
    1. Discuss production of onions under the following subheadings
      1. Seed bed preparation (3 marks)
      2. field management. (4 marks)
      3. harvesting, (3 marks)
    2. Discuss factors that influence selectivity and effectiveness of herbicides (10 marks)
  3.  
    1. state the procedure of harvesting pyrethrum. (3 marks)
    2. State five precautions taken when harvesting cotton (5 marks)

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