Agriculture Paper 2 - Alliance High School Pre-Trial Examination 2018

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ALLIANCE HIGH SCHOOL

Agri. 443/2
Agriculture Paper 2
Pre-trial Examination May, 2018
2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • The paper has section A, B and C. Attempt all questions in section A and B and answer only two questions in section C.
  • Answer all questions in the space provided.


SECTION A (30 marks)
Answer ALL questions in this section on the space provided.

  1. List two equipment used in handling cattle during an agricultural exhibition (1 mk)
  2. State three ways of stimulating milk letdown in a dairy cattle. (11/2 mks)
  3. State four maintenance practices carried out on a fish pond, (2 marks)
  4. State four sources of farm (2 marks)
  5. Define the following terms used to express feed values.
    1. Digestibility (1/2 mk)
    2. Dry matter (1/2 mk)
  6. State six advantages of embryo transfer (3 mks)
  7. State four characteristics of roughage livestock feeds. (2 marks)
  8. State two roles of worker bees in a colony. (1 marks)
  9. State two functions of crop in poultry digestive system. (1 mark)
  10. Name two tools used for cutting PVC pipes. (2 mks)
  11. Name two drug administration methods recommended for endoporasites (2 mks)
  12. State three physical characteristics of a beef cattle breed.
  13. Differentiate between flushing and steaming up (1 mk)
  14. Why is raddling essential in sheep management? (1/2 mk)
  15. If a rabbit was served on 27th July 2012. What date will it kindle. (1 mk)
  16. State five ways in which soil pH influences crop growth (2 1/mks)
  17. State two signs of heat in pigs. (1 mark)
  18. Name the causal organism for the following diseases. (4 mks)
    1. East Coast fever
    2. Fowl Typhoid
    3. African swine fever
    4. Anthrax

SECTION B (28 marks)

  1. Below is a reproductive system of female animal. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow.

    female animal reproduction

    1. Name the parts labeled J,G,F,H,X (5 mks)
    2. State the function of part labeled G and H (2 mks)
  2. The diagram below represent part of a roof.

    parts of a roof

    1. Identify the parts dabeled A and C. (2 mks)
    2. State two types of materials that may be used for the part labeled D (2 mks)
    3. Give one disadvantage of using thatch for the part labeled B. (1 mark)
  3. Give the circumstances under which each of the following methods of selection in livestock is preferred.
    1. Progency testing (1 mk)
    2. Mass selection (1 mk)
  4. Diagrams M, N, P and Q represent some farm tools.

    farm tools

    1. Identify the tools (4 mks)
    2. Give the use of each of the tools named above. ( 4 mks)
    3. State two main maintenance practices that should be carried out on tool M. (2 mks)
  5. The diagram below illustrates a method of identification in livestock Study it and answer the questions that follow.

    livestock identification

    1. Name the type of identification illustrated above. (1 mk)
    2. Give the identification number of the animal illustrated in the diagram (1 mk)
  6. A farmer was adviced to prepare to prepare livestock feed of 34% Digestible crude protein, from wheat bran (3%DCP) and cotton seed cake(24% DCP). Calculate how much of wheat bran and cotton seed cake he will require to prepare 100 kg of the mixture,
    Show your working. (4 mks)

SECTION C (46mks)
Attempt only two questions for this section

  1.  
    1. Discuss differences between digestive systems of ruminant and non ruminant animals (10 mks)
    2. State five effects of parasites on livestock. (5mks)
    3. State the procedure of spraying acaricide using stirrup spray (5 mks).
  2.  
    1. Discuss reasons for keeping livestock healthy. (5 mks)
    2. State symptoms of roundworm attack in livestock (7 marks)
    3. Discuss control measures for cannibalism. (8 marks)
  3.  
    1. Discuss features of an ideal calf pen. (9 mks)
    2. Discuss pneumonia in calves under the following subheadings.
      1. Predisposing factors. (3 mks)
      2. Symptoms. (5 mks)
      3. Control measures. (3 mks)

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