INSTRUCTIONS
 The paper contains two sections: Section I and Section II.
 Answer ALL the questions in Section I and ANY FIVE questions from Section II.
 Marks may be awarded for correct working even if the answer is wrong.
 Negligent and slovenly work will be penalized.
 Nonprogrammable silent electronic calculators and mathematical tables are allowed for use.
QUESTIONS
SECTION I (50 MARKS)
Answer ALL the questions in this section.
 Use logarithms to evaluate: (4 marks)

 Expand (1 1⁄2 x)^{6} up to fourth term. (2 marks)
 Use the expansion above to evaluate (0.98)^{6} (2 marks)
 The data below represents the ages in months at which 11 babies started walking:
9,15 , 12, 9, 8, 13, 7, 11, 13, 14 and 10.
Calculate the interquartile range of the above data (3 marks)  The fifth term of an arithmetic progression is 11 and the twenty fifth term is 51.
Calculate the first term and the common difference of the progression. (3 marks)  If √32√2 =a√b+c
3√2+√3
Find the values of a, b and c. (3 marks)  In the figure below QT is a tangent to the circle at Q. PXRT and QXS are straight lines.
PX = 6cm, RT = 8cm, QX = 4.8cm and XS = 5cm.
Find the length of QT (3 marks)  Solve for x in the equation below:
Log 3(x + 3) = 3 log 3 + 2 (3 marks)  Pipe A can fill a tank in 2 hours, Pipe B and C can empty the tank in 5 hours and 6 hours respectively. How long would it take:
 To fill the tank if A and B are left open and C is closed. (2 marks)
 To fill the tank with all pipes open. (2 marks)
 A transformation is represented by the matrix . This transformation maps a triangle ABC of the area 12.5cm^{2} onto another triangle A′B′C′. Find the area of triangle A′B′C′. (3marks)
 Make P the subject of the formula XY^{P} = Q^{PX} (3 marks)
 The coordinates of the end points of diameter are A(2,4) B(2,6). Find the equation of a circle in the form ax^{2} + by^{2} +cx + dy + e = 0 (3 marks)
 A bag contains 10 balls of which 3 are red, 5 are white and 2 green. Another bag contains 12 balls of which 4 are red, 3 are white and 5 are green. A bag is chosen at random and a ball picked at random. Find the probability the ball so chosen is red. (3 marks)
 Use the trapezium rule with seven ordinates to find the area bounded by the curve y= x^{2}+1 lines x = −2, x = 4 and x – axis (3 marks)
 Wanjiku pays for a car on hire purchase in 15 monthly instalments. The cash price of the car is Ksh.300, 000 and the interest rate is 15%p.a. A deposit of Ksh.75, 000 is made. Calculate her monthly repayments. (3 marks)
 The length and breadth of a rectangular floor garden were measured and found to be 4.1m and 2.2m respectively. Find the percentage error in its area. (3 marks)
 The gradient function of a curve is given ^{dy}/_{dx} = 3x^{2} – 8x + 2. If the curve passes through the point, (2, –2), find its equation. (3 marks)
SECTION II (50 MARKS)
Answer five questions only from this section
 The following table shows the rate at which income tax was charged during a certain year.
Monthly taxable income in Ksh.
Tax rate %
0  9860
10
9861  19720
15
19721  29580
20
29581  39440
25
39441  49300
30
49301  59160
35
over 59160
40
A civil servant earns a basic salary of Ksh.35750 and a monthly house allowance of sh.12500. The civil servant is entitled to a personal relief of sh.1062 per month. Calculate: Taxable income (2 marks)
 Calculate his net monthly tax (5 marks)
 Apart from the salary the following deduction are also made from his monthly income.
WCPS at 2% of the basic salary
Loan repayment Ksh.1325
NHIF sh.480
Calculate his net monthly earning. (3 marks)

 Complete the table below for y=sin 2x and y=sin ( 2x + 30) giving values to 2d.p (2 marks)
X
0
15
30
45
60
75
90
105
120
135
150
165
180
Sin 2x
0
0.87
0.87
0
Sin ( 2x + 30)
0.5
0.5
1
0.5
 Draw the graphs of y=sin 2x and y = sin (2x + 30) on the axis. (4 marks)
 Use the graph to solve sin (2x+30)sin 2x=0 (1 mark)
 Determine the transformation which maps 2x onto sin (2x+30) (1 mark)
 State the period and amplitude of y= sin (2x+30) (2 marks)
 Complete the table below for y=sin 2x and y=sin ( 2x + 30) giving values to 2d.p (2 marks)
 A plane S flies from a point P (40°N, 45°W) to a point Q (35°N, 45°W) and then to another point T (35°N, 135°E).
 Given that the radius of the earth is 6370km find the distance from P to Q in Km.
(Take= ^{22}/_{7}) (2 marks)  Find in nm
 The shortest distance between Q and T. (2 marks)
 The longest distance between Q and T (to the nearest tens) (2 marks)
 Find the difference in time taken when S flies along the shortest and longest routes if its speed is 420 knots (4 marks)
 Given that the radius of the earth is 6370km find the distance from P to Q in Km.
 The following table shows the distribution of marks obtained by 50 students
.Marks
45 – 49
50 – 54
55 – 59
60 – 64
65 – 69
70 – 74
75 – 79
No. of students
3
9
13
15
5
4
1
By using an assumed mean of 62, calculate the mean (5 marks)
 the variance (3 marks)
 the standard deviation (2 marks) `
 The diagram below represents a pyramid standing on rectangular base ABCO. V is the vertex of the pyramid and VA = VB = VC = VD = 26 cm. M is the midpoints of BC and AC respectively. AB = 24 cm and BC = 18 cm.
Calculate: The length of the projection of line VA on plane ABCD (2marks)
 The angle between line VA and the plane ABCD. (2marks)
 The size of the angle between the planes VBC and ABCD. (2marks)
 The vertical height of the pyramid. (2marks)
 The volume of the pyramid (2marks)
 A parallelogram OACB is such that OA = a, OB = b. D is the midpoint of BC. OE = hOC and AE = kAD.
 Express the following in terms of a, b, h and k.
 OC (1 mark)
 OE (1 mark)
 AD (1 mark)
 AE (1 mark)
 Find the values of h and k. (4 marks)
 Determine the ratios:
 AE : ED (1 mark)
 OE : OC (1 mark)
 Express the following in terms of a, b, h and k.
 A uniform distributor is required to supply two sizes of skirts to a school: medium and large sizes. She was given the following conditions by the school.
 The total number of skirts must not exceed 600.
 The number of medium size skirts must be more than the number of large size skirts.
 The number of medium size skirts must not be more than 350 and the number of large size skirts must not be less than 150. If the distributor supplied medium size and y large size skirts.
 Write down, in terms of X and y, all the linear inequalities representing the conditions above. (4mks)
 On the grid provided, represent the inequalities in (a) above by shading the unwanted regions. (4mks)
The distributor made the following profits per skirt.: Medium size = Sh.300., Large size = Sh.250. Determine the maximum profit. (3mks)

 On the same diagram construct:
 Triangle PQR such that PQ = 9cm, PR = 7cm and triangle RPQ = 60^{0} (2 marks)
 The locus of a point M such that M is equidistant from P and Q. (1mark)
 The locus of a point N such that RN ≤ 3.5cm. (1 mark)
 On the diagram in part (a)
 Shade the region B, containing all the points enclosed by the locus on M and the locus of N such that PM ≥ QM. (2marks)
 Find the area of the shaded region in (i) above (4marks)
 On the same diagram construct:
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