Agriculture Questions and Answers - Form 1 Mid Term 2 2022

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QUESTIONS

  1. Differentiate between Aquaculture and Apiculture. (2mks)
  2. State three factors that will determine the choice of implement during primary cultivation. (3mks)
  3. Give the three forms of water. (3mks)
  4. Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
    1
    1. Identify the tool. (1mk)
    2. Name the parts labeled A, B and C. (3mks)
  5.      
    1. What is land preparation. (1mk)
    2. State three reasons for land preparations. (3mks)
  6. State four main methods of clearing land. (4mks)
  7. Give reasons why burning as a method of bush clearing is discouraged. (3mks)
  8. Give reasons why the following practices are carried out during land preparations. (3mks)
    1. Rolling – 
    2. Leveling – 
    3. Ridging – 
  9.    
    1. What is minimum tillage? (1mk)
    2. State three importance of carrying out minimum tillage I crop production. (3mks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1. Aquaculture involves rearing of fish in fish ponds.
    Apiculture involves rearing of bees in beehives.
  2.      
    • Condition of the land 
    • Type of tilth required 
    • Depth of cultivation 
  3.      
    • Superfluous water
    • Capillary water
    • Hydroscopic water
  4.    
    1. Hand saw
    2. A – Heel
      B – Handle
      C – Toe
  5.      
    1. This are all the activities carried out on land to make it ready for planting.
    2.      
      • To kill weeds
      • To inco-operate manure and other organic matter into the soil.
      • To destroy different stages of crop pests, exposing them to the sun and predators.
      • To aerate the soil
      • To make subsequent operations easy /possible
      • To encourage water infiltration into the soil.
  6.      
    • Tree felling 
    • Burning 
    • Slashing
    • Use of chemicals
  7.      
    • Destroy humus
    • Destroy soil structure
    • Destroy soil m.o
    • Loss of moisture
    • Can spread to unintended areas
  8.      
    1. Rolling – to compact the soil which is loose to prevent small seeds from being carried away by wind and to prevent soil erosion.
    2. Leveling – Make the soil surface flat and uniform so as to promote easy germination of small seeds.
    3. Ridging – to encourage tuber expansion
      allow easy harvesting
      help to conserve soil and water.
  9.      
    1. It’s a practice that combines farming practices aimed at least disturbance of the soil.
    2.    
      • Reduce cost of cultivation 
      • Maintain soil structure 
      • Control soil erosion 
      • Conserve moisture
      • Prevent exposure of humus
      • To prevent disturbance of roots. 

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