- Differentiate between Aquaculture and Apiculture. (2mks)
- State three factors that will determine the choice of implement during primary cultivation. (3mks)
- Give the three forms of water. (3mks)
- Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow.
- Identify the tool. (1mk)
- Name the parts labeled A, B and C. (3mks)
- What is land preparation. (1mk)
- State three reasons for land preparations. (3mks)
- State four main methods of clearing land. (4mks)
- Give reasons why burning as a method of bush clearing is discouraged. (3mks)
- Give reasons why the following practices are carried out during land preparations. (3mks)
- Rolling –
- Leveling –
- Ridging –
- What is minimum tillage? (1mk)
- State three importance of carrying out minimum tillage I crop production. (3mks)
- Aquaculture involves rearing of fish in fish ponds.
Apiculture involves rearing of bees in beehives.
- Condition of the land
- Type of tilth required
- Depth of cultivation
- Superfluous water
- Capillary water
- Hydroscopic water
- Hand saw
- A – Heel
B – Handle
C – Toe
- This are all the activities carried out on land to make it ready for planting.
- To kill weeds
- To inco-operate manure and other organic matter into the soil.
- To destroy different stages of crop pests, exposing them to the sun and predators.
- To aerate the soil
- To make subsequent operations easy /possible
- To encourage water infiltration into the soil.
- Tree felling
- Use of chemicals
- Destroy humus
- Destroy soil structure
- Destroy soil m.o
- Loss of moisture
- Can spread to unintended areas
- Rolling – to compact the soil which is loose to prevent small seeds from being carried away by wind and to prevent soil erosion.
- Leveling – Make the soil surface flat and uniform so as to promote easy germination of small seeds.
- Ridging – to encourage tuber expansion
allow easy harvesting
help to conserve soil and water.
- It’s a practice that combines farming practices aimed at least disturbance of the soil.
- Reduce cost of cultivation
- Maintain soil structure
- Control soil erosion
- Conserve moisture
- Prevent exposure of humus
- To prevent disturbance of roots.