18
May

## Questions

Instructions

• This paper consists of 30 Questions.
• Answer all the questions.
• Show all the working in the spaces provided below each question.

1. What is the total value of digit 8 after working out 23457 + 9130?
2. The number of litres of pesticides used to kill locusts in the month of June. was 897. This was less the number used in May. If the number of litres of pesticides used in May was 5678, use the place value table to show place values of the reduction of pesticide used?
3. Write the following in words. Kshs 46,987
4. Round off 809976 to the nearest thousand.
5. Mwakazi's total marks in assessments for the year 2021 and 2022 were as follows; 345,457,387,298,460,323. Arrange his performance in a descending order?
6. A school has 960 pupils. The school has two streams from Grade one to six and two streams in class 7 and 8. How many pupils are there per stream?
7. Mwaura had Kshs 7654 and Tim had Kshs 8765. They put the amount in one ac count. How much did they have altogether ?
8. Find the volume of;
9. A book costs sh 345. What is the cost of 20 such books?
10. Work out;
36= 6 x 5 + 8 - 12=
11. Convert 7035 millilitres into litres and millilitres.
12. Calculate the area of the figure.
13. Fill in the missing number
__ = 63/72
8
14. Solve the equation
W + 7=13
15. A carpenter had a piece of wood 73m 50 cm long. It was cut into 7 equal pieces. How many pieces were cut?
16. Find the sum of the largest and smallest number formed by the digits below.
17. Which of the following lines are parallel?
18. What is the next number in the pattern? 2,4,8, 16, 32, _____________?
19. Convert 0.09 into a fraction.
20. Find the difference between the LCM and GCD of 5, 10 and 15.
21. Work out;
km           m
5          575
x              4

22. Convert 10345 metres into km and metres.
23. Work out
40.4 + 0.77 + 3.5 =
24. Caleb bought the following items from a shop;
2 kg of rice @ sh 130
A loaf of bread for sh 80
2 packets of milk @ sh 55
A 2 kg packet of maize flour for sh 115
He paid using 4 - sh 200 notes. Calculate her balance.
25. Calculate the distance round the figure.
26. Simplify the fraction.
80/120
27. Convert 240 hours into days.
28. How many small tins will fill the big tin?
29. Mary had W mangoes. She ate 5 mangoes and gave her friends 8 mangoes. Form an equation to show the number of mangoes that remained?
30. The graph below shows the number of litres of milk sold by a farmer during the week.

If a litre of mi lk cost sh 50, how much money did the farmer collect on Tuesday, Thursday and Friday.

## Marking Scheme

1. 80/ Eighty
2. 4781
3. Forty six thousand nine hundred and eighty seven
4. 810000
5. 460, 457, 387, 345, 323, 298
6. 60
7. Sh 16 419
8. 360cm3
9. Sh 6900
10. 26
11. π 35ml
12. 270m2
13. 7
14. W=6
15. 10m 50cm
16. 11588
17. C
18. 64
19. 9/100
20. 55
21. 22km 300m
22. 10km 345m
23. 44.67
24. Sh 235
25. 140m
26. 2/3
27. 10 days
28. 48
29. W-13
30. Sh 5750
18
May

## Questions

### Science and Technology

1. Complete. the table below by naming four parts of a plant and their functions. (8 mks)
 Part of the plant Functions
2. Draw the following roots. (4 mks)
 Fibrous root Tap root
3. State two medicinal plants found in your locality. (2 mks)
4. Name three plants with fibrous root system. (3 mks)
5. Mammals are examples of animals with a backbone and constant body temperature. State three examples of animals in these group? (3 mks)
6. State an invertebrate with three body parts?____________________. (1 mk)
7. What is sound pollution? (3 mks)
8. A grade five student was seen doing the following activity. What was the student investigating? (1 mk)

### Agriculture

1.  Write one example of indigenous crops in Kenya.
2. State one way of taking care of a vegetable nursery.
3. In order to earn income, what can Kiprotich do with his surplus vegetable seedlings?
4. Below is an indigenous food crop grown in Kenya.

State the nutrition importance of the crop above

State the functions of each of the following domestic animals
5. Pig
6. Dog
7. Camel
8. Write one example of a climbing fruit tree.
9. Write one use of sandy soil.
10. The illustration below shows a climbing fruit tree.

Write the function of the structure marked W
11. How can a farmer use a scarecrow in his farm?
12. Write one-way of dealing with moles in the farm.
13. Name the type of irrigation shown below.

Name the following' gardening equipment.
14.

_____________________
15.

_____________________

### Home science

1. A person going through puberty is referred to as? . (1 mks)
2. Name four good grooming habits. (4 mks)
3. You were asked to advice fellow students on physical exercises. State three physical exercises for an adolescent. (3 mks)
4. State three importance of physical exercise. (3 mks)
5. Fill the table below by naming three examples in each case. (6 mks)
 Body building foods Protective foods

6. It's important to wash hands regularly. State three instances when one Must wash hands? (3 mks)
7. State accessories used by adolescents? (4 mks)
8. Name three embroidery stitches, (3 mks)
9. State three types of media you can use to achieve after decorating your apron. (3 mks)

### Physical Education

Name the sports items drawn below

1.

2.
3. The following are activitiesinvolved in hurdles
1. Clearance
2. Approach
3. Flight
4. Take off
Arrange them in order beginning with the first one.
4. In which sports activity do we practise elongated started?
5. The technique shown below is used in Frisbee. Name it.
6.  When practising handwalk, which parts of our bodies do we hold high?
7. Why are long jump pits filled with materials?
8. What is the last activity in long jump?
9. Straddle and straddle cross is a common technique in ___________ work.
10. Draw a volleyball field in the space provided

Write two examples of passes used in soccer.
11. _______________________________
12. _______________________________
13. How many players are there in one soccer team?
Write two contents of a first aid
14. _______________________________
15. _______________________________

### Social Studies

1. The general flow of rivers in Mwakitu area is towards?
2. The settlement in Mwakitu area can be described as
3. The plantation in Mwakitu grows?
4. What is the direction of the church from the plantation?
5. The growing of tea in Mwakitu area indicates that the climate is
6. River Susi has _______________ tributaries.
7. Who is the head of Mwakitu area ______________________?
8. State 3 elements of the map. (3 mks)
9. Name two countries found in East Africa. (2 mks)
10. Name three arms of the National Government of Kenya. (3 mks)
11. Differentiate between a latitude and a longitude? (1 mk)
12. Name three main physical features in Kenya? (3 mks)
13. What is the meaning of a climate?
14. Identify the three major language groups in Kenya. (3 mks)
15. Write two ways one can become a Kenyan citizen. (2 mks)

### Christian Religious Education

1. What is the other name for the Lord's table?
2. Write one gift of the Holy Spirit.
3. Write one quality of a good friend.
4. Write one result of unhealthy boy-girl relationship.
5. When Jesus Christ baptised, a voice came from heaven saying
6. What is the lesson Christians learn from Jesus' parable of the lost sheep?
7. When Jesus fed the multitude, how many baskets of food remained?
8. In which mountain did the contest between Elijah and the prophets of Baal take place?
9. During the call of Moses, in which form did God appear to him?
10. State one way through which king Solomon used the wisdom he asked from God.
11. Write one example of commonly abused drugs in Kenya.
12. When Jesus portrayed His power over nature, on which vessel were they travelling?
13. Which Christian value do Christians learn from the story of the friend at midnight?
14. Write one way of taking good care of school property.
15. Which of Jesus' parables teaches Christians about the kingdom of heaven?

### Islamic  Religious Education

1. Name the five ulul Azm prophets.
2. Name two pillars of swalah. (2 mks)
3. Write two miracles of Nabii Issa (as) (2 mks)
4. Name three nullifiers of saum. (3 mks)
5. Give the meaning of the follow ing attributes of Allah ( 5WT). (2 mks)
1. Al-Ghaffar
2. Al-waahid
6. What is hadith'?

### Music

1. Why do folk dancers use ornaments when dancing?
Name the three parts of descant recorder.
2.
3.
4.
Put notes B, A and G against the correct solfa notes,
5. doh
6. re
7. mi
8. Name the wind instrument drawn below.
9. Study the diagram below.

What is the function of the parts labelled W?
10. A whistle produces sound when
Write two examples of percussion instruments
11. __________________________________________
12. __________________________________________
13. Tufanye sote bider is a line in Kiswahili Kenya National Anthem. In which verse is the line found?
Write the French rhythms for the following.
14. Quaver
15. Crotchet

### Art & Craft

1. What makes an object to be referred to as 2D? (1 mk)
2. Write your school's name in 3D. (4 mks)
3. What is weaving?. (1 mk)
4. Shade the following picture using stippling technique. (3 mks)
5. What is balance of forms?
6. State three elements of art? (3 mks)
7. Draw two tools used in drawing? (4 mks)

8. State two materials that can be used for weaving?(2 mks)
9. Name three traditional technique which can be used to decorate a carved cooking stick. (3 mks)
10. Name two weaving techniques. (2 mks)

## Marking Scheme

### Science and Technology

1.
 Part of the plant Functions Leaf Allow exchange of gases Flower It grows into fruit Roots Holds the plant firmly in the soil Stem Holds the plant upright
2.  Student should draw tap and fibrous roots correctly.
3.
1.  Neem
2. Cinnamon
4.
1. Onion
2. Maize
3. millet
5.
1. Birds
2. human being
3. elephants
6. insects
7. It's the contamination of something
8. Force of gravity.

### Agriculture

1. African Nightshade, Spider Plant, Amaranth, stinging nettle, pumpkin leaves, cowpeas and Slender Leaf etc
2. Mark any correct answer given
3. Sell them
4. Gives carohydrates
5. Food
6. Security
7. Food/ milk, carrying objects and people
8. passionfruit, kiwi fruit, grapes
9. building
10. to keep the plant upright/ support
11. to scare destructive animals
12. digginf trenches, planting barrier plants
13. Drip
14. Watering can
15. Wheelbarrow

### Home Science

2.
1. Body cleanliness, dressing well, caring for clothes, cleaning your body every day.
2. Washing your hands withsoap after going to the toilet.
3. Brushing your teeth twice a day
4. Covering your mouth and nose with a tissue ( or your sleeve) when sneezing or coughing
5. Washing your hands after handling pets and other animals
3.
1. Playing volleyball
2. Playing touch football
3. Gardening
4. Walking
4.
1. Improves your memory and brain function(all age groups)
2. Protect against many chronic diseases
3. Aid in weight management.
4. Lower blood pressure and improve heart health.
5. Improve your quality of sleep
6. Reduce feelings of anxiety and depression.
5. Body building           Protective
Beef                          Mangoes
Beans                        Kales
Green grams             Water melon
6.
1. After visiting the toilet
2. Before eating food
3. When preparing to cook.
7. Jewelry , bangles, scarves, caps
8.
1. Chain
2. Satin
3. Stem
9.
2. television
3. Magazine

### Physical Education

1. Rounders Ball
2. Racket
3. Approach, take off
4. Athletics
5. Double ahnded rim catch
6. Legs
7. For safety
8. Landing
9. Rope
10. Learner to draw
11. backheel pass/through pass/ Forward-pass (mark correct any other appropriate answer)
12. through pass/backheel pass/ Forward-pass (mark correct any other appropriate answer)
13. 11
14. bandage/ scissors, cotton, spirit (mark correct any other appropriate answer)
15. Check 14 above

### Social Studies

1. Southwest
2. Linear settlement
3. Tea
4. West
5. Cool and wet
6. One
7. Chief
8. Frame, tile compass, scale, key
9. Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania
10. The Executive, Legislature, Judiciary
11. Latitudes All parallel circles from the equator up to the poles are called parallels of latitudes.
Latitudes are measured in degrees.
Longitudes: The vertical lines running North-South join the two poles. They are called the meridians of longitude. They are spaced farthest apart at the equator and converge at a point at each pole.
12. Volcanic and block Rift Valleys, Lakes, Plains
13. Climate is the description of the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area.
14. Cushites
Bantus
Europeans
Nilotes
Asians
15. Birth
Registration

### Christian religious Education

1. Eucharist
2. love/joy/ peace/ patience/ kindness/ goodness/faithfulness/ humility/ self-control/gentleness (mark any one)
3. trustworthy (mark any other appropriate answer)
4. pregnancy/ abuse/ STIs (mark any other correct answer)
5. This is my son with whom I am pleased
6. Calling christians to the church
7. 12
8. Carmel
9. Burning bush
10. Student should give appropriate answer
11. Student should give appropriate answer
12. Boat
13. Persistence in prayer
14. Student should give appropriate answer
15. Mustard seed

### Islamic Religious Education

1. Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, Issa (as), Muhammad(SAW)
2. refer to no. 1
3. refer to no. 1
4. refer to no. 1
5. refer to no. 1
6. Qiyam, rukuu, itidaal, sujuud, jalsa
7. refer to no. 6
8. Raised the dead, healed lepers/blind,
he spoke when he was very young
(mark correct any correct answer)
9. refer to no. 8
10. Eating intentionally/ deliberately,
drinking intentionally,
vomiting intentionally
11. refer to no. 10
12. refer to no. 10
13. Forgive
14. The holy one
15. Hadith is what the prophet (SAW) said or the sayings of the prophet (SAW)

### Music

1. To make the dance real
2. Head joint/ MIddle joint/ foot joint
3. Refer to no. 2
4. Refer to no. 2
5. G
6. A
7. B
8. trumpet
9. To let air out when playing
10. blown
11. Mark appropriate answer
12. Mark appropriate answer
13. 2nd
14. ta
15. ta-te

### Art & Craft

1. It has a length, width and height
2. Ensure the name is in 3D
3. It's a process in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
4.
5. Refers to how elements of art relate to each other within the composition
6. Line, shape, colour, value , space, form
7. The drawings should include items such as pen, pencils, crayons etc
8. Banana fibres, raffia, grass, sisal
18
May

## Maswali

SEHEMU YA A

Zoezi La 1: Kusikiliza Na Kuzungumza
Mwalimu amwamkue mwanafunzi nn kumwomba akar. Mwalimu ajitambulishe.

"Mimi ni mwalimu ____________ . Nitakusimulia kisa kisha nikuulize rnaswali kukihusu."

Katika miaka ya hivi karibuni, familia nyingi zimekuwa zikihangaika kutokana na uhaba wa mapato ya kutosha kuyakimu mahitaji muhimu. Ni kweli kuwa
zimeweza kujipatia milo mitatu ya siku kama inavyostahili. Hali ya umaskini imekuwa dondandugu lisilosikia dawa wala kafara. Yapo mengi ambayo yamechangia hali hii.

Miongoni mwa mambo yaliyochangia hapa ni kuzorota kwa uchumi nchini kutokana no changamoto za janga la Korona na idadi kubwa ya wananchi wasio na ajira. Hali hizi huzuia mzunguko wa hela no hivyo, baadhi ya wananchi hubaki maskini hohehahe. Hata hivyo, kulingana na ripoti ya Wizara ya Afya, kwa sasa makali ya Korona yamepungua na nina matumaini kuwa hall ya kawaida itarejea, inshallah. (Mwalimu arudie

1. Akahangaiko makubwa katika miaka michache iliyopita yamesababishwa na nini? (Mwanafunzi ajibu)
2. Ninaposerna milo mitatu, nina manna gani? (Mwanafunzi ajibu)
3.  Kulingana na makala hays, ycrtaje mambo makuu yaliyochangia hail ya umaskini nchini. (Mwanafunzi ajibu)
4. Mzunguko Wa peso ukiwa duni, wananchi krtesekaje? (Mwanafunzi ajibu)
5. Kwa sasa !tuna matumaini gani katika kuokoa hall ya umaskini nchini?
(Mwanafunzi ajibu)

Zoezi La 2: Kusoma Kwa Sauti

Kinara wa shule yetu anaitwa Bibi Maua. Yeye ni mrefu kiasi. Mwalimu Maua arnelciongoza chombo hiki tangu miaka minne iliyopita.

Mwalimu Maua alichukua usukani kutoka kwa bwana Maporomoko ambaye karibu aizamishe hii shule yetu katika bahari ya matatizo. Nidhamu shuleni ilikuwa imezorota mno, nayo matokeo yakawa vivyo hivyo.

Pindi alipofika, matokeo na nidhamu zilianza kuimarika. Saul shule yetu ni tajika. Jinn la shule yetu ya Bongochonjo linang'aa. Wengi hawaamini masikio yao
kuwa sisi ni jogoo katika nidhamu na matokeo.

SEHEMU YA B

Zoezi La 3: Kusoma Kwa Ufahamu.
Soma fahamu hizi  kisha ujibu

1. SIKU ZA MWIZI NI ARUBAINI,
Siku moja tulipokuwa tukienda shambani na dada yangu, tuliwaona watu wengi waliokuwa wakiangalia kitu ambacho hatukukielewa. 5151 tulipoona hivyo, tulikimbia it; nasi tukajionee ni kitu gani ambacho watu walikuwa wakikitazama kwa makini kiasi

Tulipofika katika mkusanyiko ule, tulishangaa kuona kuwa alikuwa ni jamaa nunoja aliyekuwa amepigwa vibaya na watu waliokuwa na hasira. Dada yangu alipouliza kiss no maana ya yale yote, ajuza mmoja alimweleza kuwa jamaa huyo alikuwa amemwibia mama mmoja mzigo wake uliokuwa na bidhaa zake nyingi.
1.  Umati ule wa watu uli uwa ukiangalia nini?
2. Safari ya kuelekea shambani ilifungwa na watu wangapi?
3. Dada wa mwandishi aii,juaje kilichokuwa kimejiri?
4. Kwa maoni yako, hatua gani ingekuwa bora zaidi baada ya kumkarnata mwizi yule?
5. Mama aliyeibiwa aliibiwa nini?

2. UMUHIMU WA MAJI

Maji ni uhai. Bib maji, hakuna binadamu hata mmoja ambaye angeweza kuishi. Watu wote huyategemea maji moja kwa moja. Maji hayo hutumika kwa njia mbalimbali kama vile kunywa, kupikia, kuoshea na shughuli nyingine nyingi za nyumbani. Mvua inapokosekana, maji hutumika kunyunyizia mimeo. Maji yatumiwayo kunyunyizia huweza kupatikana mitoni, mabwawani no maziwani. Moji yana uwezo wa kuzalisha nguvu za umeme. Mto Tana, kwa mfano, huzalisha nguvu za stima. Samaki huishi majini na kwa hivyo, shughuli za uvuvi hutegemea maji. Hivi ni kusema wavuvi huyatumia maji kupata pesa. Samaki wapikwapo vizuri, huwa Iishe nzuri na yenye afya.
1. Ni nini maana ya maji ni uhai?
2. Maji yana umuhimu gani kwa wavuvi?
3. Unadhani stima inayozalishwa kupitia nguvu za maji huweza kutusaidia vipi?
4. Kulingana na ufahamu, baadhi ya vyanzo vya maji ni vipi?
5. Tumeambiwa kuwa mto Tana una umaarufu gani?

SEHEMU YA C:

Zoezi La 5: Kuandika
Anza insha yako kwa maneno yafuatayo:

Siku moja tulitoka shuleni jioni kama ilivyokuwa kawaida. Tulipofika karibu na nyumbani,

## Mwongozo wa Kusahihisha

Sehemu A:
Zoezi la I:
1-5 Mwanafrunzi ajibu

Zoezi la 2
Mwanafunzi asome taarifa kwa sauti

Sehemu B
Zoezi la 3:

Ufahamu I

1. Jamaa aliyepigwa
2. Wawili
3. Aliambiwa na ajuza
4. Mwanafunzi aeleze
5. Mzigo

Ufahamu II

1. Ni muhimu kama uhai
2. Huwaweka hai samaki
3. Mwanafunzi aeleze
4. Mito, mabwawa, maziwa
5. Huzalisha stima
6. Vifaru weusi
7. Ndovu
8. Kwa maji ya chumvi
9. KWa shingo upande
10. Ili wasiuawe

Zoezi la 4: Sarufi

1. Alhamisi
2. Nairobi
3. Yohana
4. Mzinga
5. kafiri
6. marara
7. Meza hizi zilinunuliwa jana jioni
8. Nguo ilifuliwa ikaanikwa jioni
9. Kamba zenyewe zilikatika baada ya kununuliwa
10. Mwanafunzi atunge
11. Mwanafunzi atunge
12. Mwanafunzi atunge
13. Dizi
14. Jiti
15. Jibwa
16. Mwanafunzi akanushe
17. Mwanafunzi akanushe
18. Mwanafunzi akanushe
19. Mwanafunzi akanushe
20. Mwanafunzi akanushe
21. Mawe
22. Jiko
23. Jani
24. chini ya
25. Ala!
18
May

## Questions

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE LEARNER

•  This paper consists of 5 tasks.
• Answer all the questions.

Task 1: LISTENING AND SPEAKING (5 mks)
Listen to the following scene being read by the teacher and respond to the questions

It's a Saturday morning, your parents have left for work and you hear the house phone ringing from a far. You rush to it and answer the call at instant and you realize from the voice its your Sunday school teacher.

1. How would you start the conversation?
2. State two telephone etiquette you will observe?
3. How will you maintain the conversation if you realize what you have been told you did not hear it well?
4. What roles do you play at your church as Sunday school student?
5. Using two sentences imitate a person you dearly like when talking to on the phone?

Read the following story aloud as instructed by the teacher

There lived in village a certain a poor old woman who had collected a mess of beans and was going to cook them. So, she made a fire on her hearth and in order to make it burn better she put in a handful of straw. When the beans began to bubble in the pot, one of them fell out and lay, never noticed near her was a straw which was already there. Soon a red-hot coal jumped out of the fire and joined the pair.

The straw began first and said, "dear friends how did you come here?" The coal answered, "I jumped out of the fire by great good luck. I should have been burnt to ashes." The bean said, "I too have come out of it with a whole skin. I should have been cooked like my comrades." "Luckily I managed to slip through her fingers." The straw asked, "What had we better do now?" Said the coal, "I think we should hide," The bean responded,"that as we have been lucky to escape with our lives,we will go together into foreign lands." The proposal pleased the other two and they started on their travels.

Soon they came to a little brook and as there was no bridge the straw was struck with a good idea and said, "I will lay myself across so that you can go over me as if I were a bridge." So, the straw stretched itself from one bank to the other and the coal quickly trotted up to goover the newly made bridge. When he reached at the middle and heard the water rushing past beneath her, she stopped and could not go farther. So, the straw began to get burnt and broke in two pieces and fell in the brook. The coal slipped down hissing as she touched the water. The bean who had prudently remained behind on the bank went on laughing so excessively that she burst and now would she certainly have been undone forever, if a tailor on his travels had not by good luck stopped to rest himself by the brook. He took out needle and thread and stitched her together again. The bean thanked h im, but as he had sewn her up with black stitches, all the beans since then have a black seam.

Read the stories below and answer the questions that follow

Fire Alarm Beep! Beep! Beep! Do you know what to do if the fire alarm goes off in the middle of the night?

First, crawl to your bedroom door. Crawling is safer, since smoke rises. Feel the door with the back of your hand. If it feels cold, open the door. Look around. Find the closest door to outside, and crawl outside. Go to the meeting place your fami ly picked, and wait for them to meet you.

What happens if the door feels hot? Do not open the door! Crawl to get a blanket , then cravi to your bedroom window. Open the window and let most of the blanket hang outs de. Close the window to hold the blanket in place. Firefighters will see the blanket a iidd know to come and get you. Stay under your window so they can find you easily. Firefighters might look scary, but they are there to help. They have to yell, because they have masks on, so it is hard to hear them. Do not be afraid of the fire-fighters, they will keep you safe. It is important to have a plan in place with your family in case the fire alarm goes off so that you all stay safe!

1. What is the main topic of the 4th paragraph?
2. Where should you stay if the door of your bedroom feels hot?
3. Why should you hang a blanket out of your window?
4. Which precaution should you take with your parents in case of fire?
5. What is one question you could ask a friend about fire safety?

Task 4: GRAMMAR (20 mks)

1. Rewrite the following_ words correctly
1. raef
2. gnantsta
3. roobm
4. teller
2. Write three words with the sound /0 a /
3. Circle determiner from the table
 some between were run these each is those it am enough smile are I and heavy
4. Write a word that has similar sound as the one below
1. Ball
2. Eye
3. Axes
4. Accept
5. Complete the following sentences with the correct preposition
1. We walked __________ a crowd of people
2. Jeremy arrived _________ 9 o'clock
3. It was ____________ Monday morning that our parents brought us to school.
6. Write three words used to ask questions

TASK 5: WRITING (10 mks)
The following story has been started for you. Read and complete it making it more interesting.

It was a busy morning. parents hurl bought all that we needed for any younger sister's birthday. The moment had popped up, visitors started arriving.

## Marking Scheme

Student should give appropriate verbal answers

Student should read the story as instructed

1. the main topic of the fourth paragraph is to not be afraid of firefighters
2. Yous should stay under your window if the door of your bedroom feels hot.
3. The blanket is a signal to the firefighters that there is someone inside that room and to come and rescue you.
4. To have a plan in place with your family in case the fire alarm goes off so that you all stay safe.
5. Answers will vary

1.
1. Fear
2. Stagnant
3. Broom
4. Retell
2. Rear, clear, severe
3. Some each enough
4.
1. bawl
2. I
3. axis
4. except
5.
1. Into
2. At
3. On
18
May

## Questions

NUMBER

1. Mr. Mugambi wrote 23 907 onthe chalk board and asked Nkirote to write the total value of 0. What was Nkirote's correct answer?
2. Katana raised a board as the oneshown below.

What is the place value of the underlined digit?
3. Between 80 and 120, how many numbers are divisible by 5?
4. There are 4 921 antelopes in a game reserve. What is the number of the antelopes rounded off to the nearest hundred?
5. Write forty nine thousand, nine hundred and ninety in symbols.
6. Find the L.C.M of 6, 16, and 30.
7. Simplify: 3/12
8. During a birthday party, 144 balloons were shared equally among 16 children. How many balloons did each child get?
9. Write the next number in the pattern below
2, 6, 18, 54, ____
10. Wakanda village has 42 321 men and 1 001 less women than men. How many adults are there altogether?

MEASUREMENT

1. During a cross country athletics practice, an athlete covered a distance of 4 010m. How many kilometres and metres were these?
2. How many metres are there in 14 kilometres?
3. Subtract:
Km     M
29      16
-14      57

4. Mama Pima's debe is 2m long,  3m wide and 5m high. What is the volume of mama Pima's debe?
5. Find the area of the square below.
6. Three boys carried their lockers outside for repair. If each locker was 22kg, how many grams did the three boys carry altogether?
7. A cartoon program started at 8.00 a.m and lasted for sometime before power went off. If the power went off at 8.25 a.m, for how many seconds did the program last?
8. Wanyonyi milked 34 litres of milk from his cows. He sold 11 litres, prepared tea with 3 litres and kept the rest. How many millilitres did he keep?
9. Multiply 24kg 18g by 12.
10. Work out the volume of the cube below.

GEOMETRY DATA & ALGEBRA

1. Name the angle that forms at the corner of your Mathematics text book.
2. Measure the angle drawn below.
3. Name the lines drawn below

______________

4.

________________________-_
5. A class had 12y learners. y boys 28. How many learners were the and 3m girls joined the class. tallest in the class? How many learners were there in the class altogether?
6. Simplify the algebraic expression below.
15a - 7a - g
The table below shows the number of learner in Grade 6 with different heights
 Height Tally marks Number A. 50cm B. 60cm C. 70cm D. 80cm E. 90cm F. 100cm
7. How many learners were the shortest in the class?
8. How many learners were the tallest in the class?
9. How many learners are shorter than 90cm?
10. How many learners are in Grade 6?

## Marking Scheme

1. 0
2. Tens of thousands
3. 7
4. 4 900
5. 49 990
6. 240
7. 1/4
8. 9
9. 162
10. 83 641
11. 4km 10m
12. 14000
13. 14km 959m
14. 30m2
15. 144cm2
16. 66 000g
17. 15 000seconds
18. 20 000ml
19. 288kg 216g
20. 2 197cm3
21. Right angle
22. Learner to measure
23. parallel
24. perpendicular
25. 13y + 3m
26. 8a-g
27. 3
28. 8
29. 28
30. 40
30
March

## Dealing with Emotions.

• They are also called feelings. they include joy, pain, sadness, love and anger.
• Sporting requires a state of wellness: which is a state of complete physical, mental, emotion and social well.
• The immediate effects of negative emotions like anxiety are:
• Muscle tension.
• Elevated heart and breathing rates.
• Increased blood flow to the brain and away from other organs
• Nausea
• Frequent urination and diarrhea
• Positive emotions, on the other hand, can have opposite effect. Laughter , for example, can:
• Relieve tension throughout the body and within organs
• Relieve the subsequent side effects of depression and anxiety.
• Lower blood pressure.
• The longer- term physiological effects of emotions include;
• Insomnia
• Damage to kidneys
• Digestive and gastro-intestinal problems
• Chronic respiratory disorder
• damage to cardiovascular system.

## Alcohol and Drug Abuse in Sports Performance

• Drug abuse: is the use of drugs for a purpose it was not intended for.

### Athletes And Drug Abuse.

• Athletes should be clean from abuse of alcohol and drugs
• Doping is illegal and athletes have been disqualified because of the same.
• Athletes should therefore abstain from abuse of drugs because it could lead to:
• Organ failure
• Severe mood swings
• Inability to perform properly in the sporting activity.
• An increased risk of suffering from a heart attack or stroke.

### How to tell someone is abusing drugs

1. Loss of interest in school
2. Changing friends.
3. Becoming moody, negative , cranky or worried all the time.
4. Ask to be left alone a lot.
5. Having trouble concentrating.
6. Sleeping a lot
7. Getting into fights.
8. Having red, puffy eyes.
9. Loss or gain of weight.
10. Coughing a lot.
11. Having a running nose all of the time.

### Effects of Drug Abuse in Athletes

• It has many negative effects such as:

1. Suspensions and Bans - Many professional athletic organizations have strict rules against using performance- enhancing and recreational drugs. Athletes who violate these rules may face serious consequences, such as suspensions or bans. In some cases, prior titles, medals or prizes may be revoked. professional athletes such as Lance Armstrong, Steve Howe and Brett Favre have suffered these consequences.

2. Job loss and early retirement - Drug abuse can impair an athlete's ability to focus and otherwise negatively affect an athlete's performance. Certain drugs will give rise to a number of side effects and may be associated with performance -hindering withdrawal symptoms. Some athletes may be forces into early retirement because of the negative effects of their drug use.

3. Health problems-  Taking anabolic steroids can result in liver and kidney damage, hypertension, and heart problems. Mental effects can include depression, anger and violence. Men may also experience impotence , infertility, and development of certain female sexual characteristics( e.g enlargement of breast tissue), while women may experience menstrual changes and development of masculine features.
- Andro use can lead to side effects such as decreased sperm production, shrinking of the testicles , and increased breast side in men. In women, it can lead to the development of certain masculine qualities, such as deeper voice and male-pattern hair loss. For both men and women, taking the drug may increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.
- Human growth hormone use is associated with joint pain, fluid retention, muscle weakness and vision problems. It can also lead to carpal tunnel syndrome, high cholesterol, hypertension, enlarged heart, and diabetes.
- Excessive diuretic use can cause dehydration, muscle cramps, dizziness, rash, gout, potassium deficiency, poor balance and coordination, low blood pressure , and even death.
-The risk of using erythropoietin include heart attack, stroke, and pulmonary embolism.
- Alcohol use may impair problem-solving ability, memory, learning, and coordination and can lead to liver and neurological damage.
- Marijuana can negatively affect short-term memory, learning, balance , coordination, and ability to focus.
- short- term effects of amphetamine use include headaches, convulsions, hallucinations and paranoia. Long -term effects may include permanent nerve damage and death.
- Cocaine can cause damage to the heart and respiratory, nervous, and digestive systems.

4. Opioids such as heroin and prescription painkillers have a high risk of overdose. When these drugs are injected, the user's risk for contracting infectious diseases increases significantly.

5. Addiction - The abuse of certain drugs, such as opioids and stimulants, can lead to addiction. Addiction is a brain disease that involves compulsive drug use despite negative consequences. Athletes who are addicted to drugs or alcohol may have a difficult time quitting without professional treatment.

6. Death - Amphetamine use may lead to fatal hemorrhagic stroke or heart attack. Abusing opioids like heroin or prescription drugs also carries a high risk of lethall overdose. College basketball player Len Bias and professional hockey player Derek Boogaard both died of fatal drug overdose.

### Stereotypes And Drug Abuse.

• A stereotype is an untrue belief of a particular type of person or thing. Some of the common stereotypes associated with drugs include;
• An athlete will become a better performer.
• A learner will become better in academics
• They make a person become popular.
30
March

## Active and Passive Leisure Activities.

• Leisure activities are performed for fun.
• There are mainly two types of leisure.
1. Passive leisure activities - are activities that someone is not participating in the activity.
2. Active leisure activities - are those that someone is fully participant
• Leisure activities give us the opportunities to be ourselves and get creative.

### Disadvantages of Passive Activities.

• They lead to development of lifestyle problems and diseases.
• It reduces our creativity and lead to health problems due to long hours spent in sedentary positions

## Leisure and Time management

• Time management - is the ability to organize activities one has perform in a given amount of time to leisure time is the free time.
• It is good to take time off from studies and from watching television to engage in a leisure activity individually or with friends.
• Leisure activities include:
• Reading a story book.
• Taking nature walks.
• Volunteering at the local children's home.
• Taking part in artistic activities such as painting.
• Listening to music.
• Attending as sporting activity as a spectator.

### Care of Community Recreation Facilities.

• These are sometimes referred to as public facilities and are services offered by the state to its citizens.
• There are various ways of taking care of these facilities.
• By avoiding littering these areas.
• Planting trees in these areas.
• Finding an alternative source of fuel.
• Drawing graffiti (unauthorized writing or drawing on a public surface) on the walls of these areas should be discouraged to preserve their beauty.
30
March

## Common Injuries in Games and Sports

•  First Aid -  refers to help given to an injured person until medical assistance is available.
• The injured person is referred to as casualty while the other person giving first aid is referred to as the first responder.
• The most common injuries that happen in a playground include falls and cuts leading to bruises, bleeding and fractures.

### ABC of First Aid

1. - Airs
2. - Breathing
3.  - Circulation

#### Checking for Breathing.

• Begin by checking if the casualty is conscious by calling out their name or saying something to them.
• If they do not answer, shout out something to them, but is still unresponsive, check whether the casualty is breathing by putting your face close to their face and looking at the rise and fall of the chest.

#### Performing A Head Tilt.

• Incase the casualty is not breathing: the first responder needs to find out the reason by performing the head-tilt chin-lift to observe airways.

Steps in Performing Head-tilt Chin-lift

1. Kneel next to the casualty's head.
2. Place one hand on the patient's forehead and tilt the head gently backward.
3. Place two fingers under the bony part of their chin and lift the chin vertically upwards.
4. Take care not to place any pressure on the soft part of the neck as this could obstruct the airway.
5. Once the airway is opened, you can check for normal breathing.
6. Place the casualty in a recovery position. It involves casualty being rolled onto the side in order to maintain the airways open.

#### Checking For Circulation.

• It involves checking if the casualty has a pulse or beat. It is done by gently placing the index and middle finger on the chin under the jaw.
• If there is circulation , there will be pulse. You can also check the pulse on the wrist of the casualty.

#### Calming an Injured Person.

• Speak calmly to the casualty, ask their name, what day it is, where they are and what happened to them.

#### Signaling for help.

• When a person is hurt, the first responder should signal for help as fast as possible. This is because it may not be possible for one individual to give the required help.

## First Aid Box.

• It's a box that contains essential medical items that can be used to give care to a casualty before medical assistance arrives.
• Some injuries maybe treated with the contents of a first aid box or kit. These include: bruises, sprains, nose bleeding and minor cuts.
• It is important to have a first aid kit both at home and at school as the contents can help in attending to minor ailments and injuries that occur at home or in school.

### Items Found in a First Aid Box.

1. Bandage
2. Elastoplast (adhesive strip dressing)
3. Disposable latex gloves.
4. Eye wash
5. Iodine
6. Alcohol swabs or antiseptic wipes.
7. Sterile gauze
9. Cotton wool or cotton balls
10. Tweezers
11. Scissors

### Use of items in the first aid kit.

1. Adhesive strip dressing- it is used for minor cuts and skin injuries.
2. Non-adhesive dressings - used for covering burnt or abraded skin
3. Wound dressing -  they are thick pads used to help control bleeding and reduce the risk of infection.
4. Crepe or conforming bandages - they are elastic bandages used to create pressure, hold dressing in place, reduce swelling and provide some support.
5. Triangular bandages - they are non- elastic bandages used for slings to hold splints in place and to restrict movement.
6. Sterile eyewash solution - used the flush eye lashes, insects, dust sand particles from the eye.

## Bruise

• Its an injury appearing as are of discoloured skin on the body, caused by a blow or impact rapturing underlying blood vessels.

#### Signs and symptoms of bruises.

•  Initially, a fresh bruise may actually be reddish. It will then turn blue or dark purple within a few hours, then yellow or green after a few days as it heals. A bruise is commonly tender, and sometimes even painful for the first few days, but the pain usually goes away as the color fades.

#### Treating a bruise.

• Rest and relevant the injured area to prevent swelling and relieve pain.
• Apply ice packs for the first 24 to 48 hours after injury. Wrap the ice pack in a towel and apply ice for no more than 15 minutes a time. repeat throughout the day. (ice packs should not be places directly on the skin)
• Apply a heating pad or warm compress to the injured area after two days. You can apply heat several times throughout the day.

## Nose Bleeding

### Cause of Nose Bleeding.

• Nose picking.
• Colds (upper respiratory infections)and sinusitis , especially episodes that cause repeated sneezing, coughing and nose blowing.
• Blowing your nose with force.
• Inserting an object into you nose.
• Injury to the nose and/or face
• Blood- thinning drugs(aspirin, non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs, warfarin  and others.)
• Cocaine and other dugs inhaled through the nose.
• chemical irritants( chemicals in cleaning supplies, chemical fumes at the workplace, others strong odors.)
• High altitudes. the air is thinner(less oxygen) and drier as the altitude increases.
• Frequent use of nasal sprays and medications to treat itchy, runny or stuffy nose. these medications- antihistamines and decongestants can dry out the nasal membranes.
• Alcohol use.
• Bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia or von Willebrand disease or leukemia.
• High blood pressure.

### Safety Tips

• Do not touch blood of the casualty with your bare hands.

## Types of wounds- Clean-cut wounds

• Open wounds can be caused by falls in the playground or sharp objects.

### Managing Open Wounds

• The first step is to clean the wounds.
• Use antiseptic from the first aid box.
• If the cut is small on the surface, use alcohol swab(a wad of absorbent material usually wound around one end of a small stick and used especially for applying medication or for removing material from an area.), then cover with an adhesive strip dressing (elastoplast)
• If it is slightly deep, clean with running water from a tap or poured from a clean up then apply a band aid.
• If the cut is deep and there is a lot of bleeding, apply pressure on the wound with the pressure pad from first aid box.
• Keep the pressure on the wound until the bleeding stops, but do not remove the pad.
• Secure the wound after bleeding stops with a bandage. In the absence of a bandage, tie the wound with a clean piece of cloth.

## Transporting And Injured Victim

### Single Human Crutch Method

• It is a method used to support a casualty, an can only be used when the casualty is conscious and capable of assisting the first respondent.
• It can only be used when one has hurt only one leg. The first respondent is used as a crutch by the casualty.

#### How to do it.

1. Assist the casualty to stand by leaning on you.
2. He or she then puts the arm across your shoulder.
3. This should be the side with the hurt leg.
4. Grab the wrist of the hand across your shoulder and grab the waist from across the back of the casualty.
5. Let the casualty place the hurt leg on your foot so that his/her weight is mainly on you.
28
March

### Nutrition And Sports Performance - Grade 4 Physical Health Education Revision Notes

• Nutrition refers to the process of obtaining nutrients that are necessary for the proper functioning and growth of the body.
• Hydration refers to the state of the body having enough water while dehydration is lack of the required amount in the body..
• The human body is composed of about 75% water.

### How to know when my body needs water.

• The darker your urine, the more likely you are not drinking enough water to maintain health.

Apart from physical activities, the following could also lead to dehydration.

• Hot weather causing you to sweat a lot.
• Not drinking enough water.
• Drinking too much sugary drinks.
• Fevers and other illnesses.
• Lack of access to safe drinking water.

### Ways of Taking Clean Water.

1. By boiling it.
2. By adding water guard.
3. By using simple water purifiers.

Hydration- making the body absorb water or other liquids.

Dehydration- harmful reduction of amount water in the body.

## Healthy Eating Habits

• A balanced diet is a meal that has all the nutrients necessary for proper growth of the body.

Benefits of Making Healthy Food Choices During Games and Sports

1. Provide us with nutrients we need for good muscle development.
2. It helps us fight diseases easily if we get sick.
3. It helps our muscle recover quickly after an exercise activity.
4. Give us energy to take part in the physical activities.

Nutrients - a substance or ingredient that promotes growth, provides energy and maintains life.

Balanced diet - a meal with all the required nutrients in proportions.

### Food Intake During Physical Activity

• When growing the body needs a lot of energy.
• Children need a plate that is one-third ratio division. This means that one-third has proteins, the other carbohydrates and the last third vegetables and fruits.
• One needs to eat a meal rich in complex or whole starch before an exercise.
• Eating should be done at least 2hrs before you go for sports. This will allow the food to be digested and release energy the body needs.
• The major food groups that make up a balanced diet include.
1. carbohydrates - they are energy giving foods eg ugali, bread, chapati, rice.
2. Proteins - they are body building foods which include: meat, grains , eggs, nuts
3. Fats and oils: they provide protective shield around major organs like heart, kidney and liver. They include: oily fishes, nuts, avocado.
4. Vitamins and mineral salts - they are protective elements and are needed in small quantity. They are found in vegetables and fruits.
28
March

## Warm Up And Cool Down Activities

• Warm up: activities that are done to prepare the muscles for vigorous activities.

### Importance of Warm Ups

1. They prepare the body for the game of the day
2. Muscles become warm
3. The blood begins to warm up.
4. The joints become more flexible, they can move easily.
5. Helps to prevent injuries.
6. The brain becomes prepared for the activities.

Cool down activities are activities that are slow and easy.

### Importance of Cool Down Activities

1. The heart beat goes back to normal gradually.
2. The muscles stretch easily without being injured.
3. Helps to take blood back to the heart and the rest of the body gradually.

## The Human Heart.

• The human heart is located between the lungs.
• It is protected by the ribs in the rib cage. It helps to pump blodd thoughout the body.
• The heart pumps blood to the lungs to get oxygen and remove carbon dioxide.
• This pumping gives the heartbeat. the normal heart beat of an adult is 60-100 beats per minute/

### Functions of The Heart

1. Pumping oxygenated blood to the other body parts.
2. Pumping hormones and other vita substances to different parts of the body.
3. Receiving deoxygenated blood and carrying metabolic waste products from the body and pumping it to the lungs for oxygenation.
4. Maintaining blood pressure.

### What happens to the body during exercise?

• The heart beats faster.
• The person sweats a lot
• The person gets thirsty.
• The body tempeerature increases.
• The person breathes harder.
• Blood flow inside the body increases to the brain and muscles.
• The bones becomes stronger.
• One gets tired and hence gets difficult to talk.

### Cardiorespiratory Endurance.

• The system is composed of the lungs, the heart, the blood and the blood vessels.
• Cardiorespiratory endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together when you are doing an exercise for an extended period of time. We can develop the endurance by:
• Running
• Brisk Walking
• Jogging
• Cycling
• Swimming
• Dancing.

## Human Muscles

### Muscular Strength

• Muscular strength refers to the maximum force produced by a muscle or group of muscles in a single muscular contraction.
• Muscular strength can be achieved by using weights.

#### We need strong muscles because:

1. They reduce the chances of getting injuries while doing your daily activities.
2. They reduce body fat and increase lean(containing little or no fat) muscles in the body.
3. Helps to maintain correct posture.
4. Helps in carrying out the day-to day activities.
5. Helps in maintaining strong bones that have high bone density.

Muscular contraction: changes in the length of muscle

### Muscle Endurance

• Refers to the ability of a muscle group to perform a repeated action without getting tired.

#### Importance of muscular endurance.

• Helps increase our stamina for performing daily chores for example cleaning the classroom and gardening.
• Helps us in preventing injuries that would be caused by overuse of our active muscles throughout the day.
• Increasing your muscular endurance will make everyday chores and tasks easier. Training muscular endurance will increase your stamina- you'll have more energy to go from your job to playing with your kids, for example.
• You will find that performing repititive physical activity such as gardening, raking leaves and washing your car- will become less fatiguing too. Emphasizing the importance of endurance in your training will also limit injuries sustained from physical exertion and from the overuse of active muscles throughout the day.
• Helps us improve our posture by strengthening our major muscles that are necessary for activities such as sitting in class for long hours.
• Helps avoid lower back pain by strengthening the endurance of the abdominal and lower back muscles.

### Muscular And Joint Flexibility.

• Flexibility refers to the capacity of a joint or muscle to move through its full range of motion.

#### The benefits of taking part flexibility.

• The body gets more freedom of movement.
• Body posture is improved.
• Tearing of muscles is reduced.
• Helps to relieve muscle tension.
• Increases our mental and physical relaxation