- Application areas Of information and communication technology
- Computers are used in several areas and industries. Many manual jobs nave been replaced by computers. This has led to processes being faster and efficient.
- Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has impacted on various fields. These fields include:
- Financial systems include
- Payroll systems
- Accounting systems
- ICT in Banks and Insurance companies
- Human Resource Management.
- Salary processing.
- Customer orders entry.
- Inventory management.
ICT in Banks and Insurance companies
- Automated Teller Machines (ATMs).
- Cheques Processing.
- Electronic Funds Transfer.
- Internet banking and Mobile banking.
- Asset finance management such as loan processing systems.
ICT in supermarkets
- Stock control.
- Electronic Point of Sale (EPOSJ - barcode reader, Electronic Funds Transfer, acknowledging and appending transactions.
- Security such as CCTV cameras and sensors item tags.
- Advertisements and promotions.
- Hotel booking.
- Airline booking.
- Computer Aided Learning (CAL).
- Computer Aided Teaching (CAT).
- Computer Based Simulation.
- Virtual Learning.
- Record Management
- Exams preparation and processing.
- Computer Aided Design (CAD).
- Computer Aided Manufacture (CAM).
- Simulation such as flight simulators.
- Process control using robots.
- Management control such as to keep track of orders, bills and transactions.
- Competitive tools such as designing new products and services.
- Hospitals-Control lifesaving machines, diagnosis, intensive care units, health expert systems among others.
- Weather forecasting-Analyse climatic patterns and trends. • Military-weapons testing, radar systems, launching and guiding missiles, surveillance and tracking target enemies among others.
- Space exploration-Launch space automobiles and monitor flights.
- Nuclear science-Design and testing of nuclear weapons.
- Automobile traffic control systems,
- Railway corporations to coordinate the movement of their goods and wagons.
- Shipping control for communication and management of fleets efficiently.
- Airline industry to control the mcn.'ement of aircrafts, take off and landing through the use of radar equipment
- Business presentations for advertisement purposes.
- Internet, radio and television.
- Music related equipment such as synthesisers_
- Production of movies and computer games.
- Training military personnel.
- Flight simulation.
Components Of Virtual Reality.
- Body suit
- Head mounted display headgear.
- Virtual reality software.
- Cataloguing system-Locate books and other resources in an easier way. • Inventory control system- Determine what books need to be ordered or which ones have been lost
- Sorrowing and lending system- For easier borrowing and returningof library materials.
- E-Libraries- Virtual library on the internet that offers electronic books and other learning materials online.
- Research-Llsing research sites such as google.
- Security -To control theft of books and other library properties.
- Watching movies, playing music and computer games.
- Storing personal information.
- Calculating and storing home budgets.
- Shopping purposes. They provide people with lists of snapping items as well as their prices. They also provide electronic money transfer facilities.
- Internet, radio, televisions, music, games.
- Production of movies and computer games.
- It allows experts with no experience of computers to build and evaluate complex disease models.
- Used to disseminate key findings on research on medical treatment outcomes.
- Assist in decision making process.
- Support planning and scheduling of activities in offices.
- Solve complex problems by reasoning through bodies of knowledge.
- Electronic commerce or E-business-Transactions are carried out electronically without physical interaction between the seller & the buyer. This saves on travel costs, time and other resources.
- Electronic presentation- Computers are used to create exciting presentations concerning the products of a business and present them to the audience using presentation software.
- Computers are used to design catchy presentations using animation softwares that can be broadcasted, placed on billboards or on the internet Note: The employee in charge of this work in an organisation is cal led a webmaster.
Law enforcement agencies
- Biometrics such as fingerprints, iris, facials, DNA and general database of outlaws.
- Lie detectors in criminology.
- Forensic analysis.
- To speed-up investigations.
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