BUSINESS STUDIES PAPER 2 - 2019 MOKASA II MOCK EXAMINATION

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INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • This paper consists of SIX questions
  • Answer any FIVE questions
  • All questions carry equal marks.
  • Students should answer the questions in English.
  1.  
    1. Explain five ways in which the demographic environment may positively influence business activities. (10 marks)
    2. Explain five advantages that accrue to a firm due to increased production.   (10 marks)
  1.  
    1. Explainfivereasons for the popularity of using social media in product promotion.    (10 marks)
    2. Explain five measures that a country may take to correct a balance of payment deficit.(10 marks)
  1.  
    1. Explain five differences between a cooperative society and a private limited company.(10 marks)
    2. Outline five benefits that a country may derive by preparing a development plan.   (10marks)
  1.  
    1. The table below shows the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country X in the year 2014 to 2018. 

      Year

      2014

      2015

      2016

      2017

      2018

      GDP (Sh in millions)

      19,201

      27,304

      33,092

      41,067

      54,689

      1. Explain five factors that may have caused the above trend. (10 marks)
      2. Explain five causes of demand pull inflation. (10marks)                                                                 
  1. Kenya is endowed with some economic resources yet it has failed to exploit them.
    1. Outline five reasons that account for this.                                (10 marks)
    2. On 1st May 2018, Sosiot traders had Sh.25,000 Cash in hand and Bank overdraft of sh 15,000. During the month the following transactions took place.
      2018
      May 3: Kipkurui ,a debtor settled his account of sh 12000 by cheque of sh 10,000
      May 5: Paid rent by cash sh. 5000
      May 6: Deposited sh. 2000 into the business bank account from the cash till.
      May 8: Received sh 6000 Cash from Kamau, a debtor
      May 10: Wanjiku a debtor settled her account of 15,000 by cheque, having been allowed 20% discount.
      May 15: Purchased Furniture worth sh 3,000 paying by cheque
      May 18: Deposited sh 7,000 into the bank from private sources.
      May 23: Received the following amounts in cash from debtors having deducted cash discount of 5%. Kertich sh 7600, Brian sh 4750
      May 25: Banked all the available Cash except sh 1000

      Required:
      Prepare a dully balanced three column cash book.                             (10 marks)

  1.  
    1. By aid of a diagram, explain how price of a commodity is determined by the forces of demand and supply.  (10 marks)
    2. The following trial balance was extracted from the books of Rafiki traders as at 31st December 2018.
      RAFIKI TRADERS TRIAL BALANCE

      Additional information;
      Stock as at 31st December 2018 amounted to shs. 60,000.

      Required:

      1. Prepare Rafiki traders trading profit and loss account.          (6 marks)
      2. A balance sheet as at 31st December 2018.                         (4 marks)


 



 



MARKING SCHEME

  1.  
    1. Explain five ways in which the demographic environment may positively influence business activities.   (10 marks)
      • Age of the population may influence the type of business to be established e.g. a population comprised of the youth tend to like high tech products like video games, smart phones
      • Education/literacy levels of the population may influence the type of business e.g. more bookshops for increased number of academic institutions
      • The Gender of the population- increased business for those whose products are valued by certain gender e.g. male/female wear
      • The size of the population- increased number of people leading to increased demand
      • The distribution of the population i.e. the densely populated areas as businesses are attracted to areas of high population density.
      • The high birth rates/ low death rates- increases demand for products
      • The Migration rate-immigration and emigration rate
    2. Explain five advantages that accrue to a firm due to increased production. (10 marks)
      • Marketing economies (Buying and selling economies); these are the benefits which a firm derives from large purchases of inputs or factors of production due to the discounts offered in the process e.g. trade and quantity discounts.
      • Financial economies; as a firm grows, its assets also increase. These assets can be used as security to borrow money/loan from financial institutions at low interest rates. Large firms can also raise more funds through selling and buying of shares and debentures.
      • Risk bearing economies; Large firms can reduce risks involved in the market failure through diversification of products or markets. Diversification of markets or products can be done so that;
      • Managerial economies/staff economies: Large firms are able to hire/employ specialized staff and management. This increases the firms efficiency and productivity i.e.
      • Technical economies; these are benefits that accrue to a firm from the use of specialized labour and machinery.
      • Research economies; Large firms can afford to carry out research into better methods of production and marketing. (Research is necessary because of the increased competition in the business world today) This improves the quality of the products and increases the sales and profits made by the firm.
      • Staff welfare economies; Large firms can easily provide social amenities to their employees including recreations, housing, education, canteens and wide range of allowances.
  1.  
    1. Explainfivereasons for the popularity of using social media in product promotion.     (10 marks)
      • Cost effective as they are cheaper to the trader compared to use of television.
      • Wide coverage, hence can reach customers in their various locations.
      • Demonstration is possible for technical products through use of animations
      • Feedback is immediate e.g. you tube, face book, Instagram
      • Non-discriminative i.e. small and large enterprises can use without any discrimination.
      • The message can last long hence customer can still refer if need be.
      • Readily available – to many business since it can be accessed everywhere by those with the mobile phones.
      • Target group – It is appealing to the target group.
      • Speed – It can reach the customers within the desired time frame.
    2. Explain five measures that a country may take to correct a balance of payment deficit.
      • Decreasing the volume of imports through measures such as increasing import duty, imposing quotas on imports, foreign exchange control, administrative bottlenecks
      • Increasing volume of exports through measures such as export compensation schemes, diversifying foreign markets, offering customs drawbacks and lobbying for removal of trade restrictions
      • By encouraging foreign investments into the country by giving investors incentives such as tax holidays
      • By devaluing local currency since it has the effect of promoting exports and restricting imports
      • By restricting capital outflows through reducing the percentage of profit that foreign investors repatriate and reducing the number of government delegations going abroad.  (10 marks)
  1.  
    1. Explain five differences between a cooperative society and a private limited company.  (10 marks)

       

      Cooperative Society

      Private Limited Company

      a)

      Formed under the cooperative act

      Formed under the company act

      b)

      A minimum of 10 members (adult) and no set maximum

      A minimum of 2 to 50 shareholders

      c)

      Managed by a committee

      Managed by 1 or 2 or Board of directors

      d)

      Main objective is the interest of members

      Main objective is to make profits

      e)

      Main source of capital is members contribution

      Main source of capital is through sale of shares

      f)

      Managed through by laws

      Managed through memorandum and articles of association

      g)

      Membership is open and voluntary

      Membership requires consent of other shareholders

    2. Outline five benefits that a country may derive by preparing a development plan.     (10 marks)
      • Appropriate resource allocation – In the most productive way.
      • Stimulation of effort – the plan may help people to work towards fulfillment of the planned objective.
      • Support foreign aid bargain – Used to convince the donors, because they can prepare the plans country intends to pursue and the objectives upon which the policies are based.
      • Project evaluation – It is possible to evaluate projects in various stages of implementation to assess whether they are in line with the expected outcomes where there are deviations, corrective measures are taken.
      • To avoid duplication of in industries to ensure that different industries are set at different parts.
      • To promote balanced regional development – by distributing industries in different parts of the country which experiences low development
      • To develop long term decision making – It provides a longterm view of making decision in various sectors of the economy
      • Helps in accountability in the implementation of the development plans
  1.  
    1. The table below shows the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country X in the year 2014 to 2018.                                                                           
      Explain five factors that may have caused the above trend. (10 marks)
      • Increase in the size of the population that is in gainful employment and the labour supply in the country /increased quality of labour
      • Improved political stability in the country which in turn attracts both local and foreign investors to engage in business activities
      • Increased exploitation of the available natural resources such as mineral deposits, forests, water, beaches and climate
      • Improved levels of technology used in the production of goods and services which leads to increased output and improved quality
      • Increased entrepreneurial ability of the citizens which enable them to organize other factors of production in appropriate proportions leading to creation of more employment opportunities
      • Increase in the amount and quality of capital from simple tools to very advanced equipment used in the production.
      • Positive change of attitude of the citizens towards work
      • Increased foreign direct investments leading to increased production.
    2. Explain five causes of demand pull inflation. (10marks)           
      • General shortage of goods and services
      • Increase in money incomes
      • Increase in consumer’s expenditure
      • Increase in Government expenditure
      • Effects of credit creation by the financial institutions
  1.  
    1. Kenya is endowed with some economic resources yet it has failed to exploit them.  Outlinefivereasons that account to this.   (10 marks)
      • Poor governance leading to misappropriation and embezzlement of funds that would have been.
      • In adequate capital/finance – leading to low levels of investment.
      • Negative social cultural practices – which may hinder production.
      • Use of inappropriate/low level technology – For exploitation and production of large quantities of goods.
      • Poor infrastructure – which hinders movement of factors of production from one place to another.
      • Inadequate labour/skills – resulting into inefficiency in production.
      • High dependency ratio – leading to low saving and investments/ high population growth rate.
      • Political instability – which discourages production/investment.
      • Over-reliance on foreign aid – Which may lead to political blackmail.
      • Poor political will/support due to vested interests of the leaders.
      • Limited market – which discourages production activities.
      • Trade dependency – where people more on buying than producing
    2. Required:
      Prepare a dully balanced three column cash book.                             (10 marks)
      Q5 MS
  1.  
    1. By aid of a diagram, show how price of a commodity is determined by the forces of demand and supply.  (10 marks)
      FORCES OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY
      • Buyers and sellers are satisfied with the price
      • Setting price and Quantity other than the equilibrium results to market instability
      • If the factors determining supply and demand do not change then equilibrium price will prevail in the market.
        Marking: Diagram 8 marks and any two of the above explanations 2 marks
    2. The following trial balance was extracted from the books of Rafiki traders as at 31st December 2018.
      1. Prepare Rafiki traders trading profit and loss account.(6 marks)
        RAFIKI TRADERS TPL
      2. A balance sheet as at 31st December 2018.                 (4 marks)
        RAFIKI TRADERS BALANCE SHEET

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