Mathematics Paper 2 Questions and Answers - MECS Cluster Joint Mock Exams 2021/2022

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MATHEMATICS
PAPER 2 

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

  • Write your name, index number and class in the spaces provided above.
  • The paper contains two sections: Section I and Section II.
  • Answer ALL the questions in Section I and ANY FIVE questions from Section II.
  • All working and answers must be written on the question paper in the spaces provided below each question.
  • Marks may be awarded for correct working even if the answer is wrong.
  • Negligent and slovenly work will be penalized.
  • Non-programmable silent electronic calculators and mathematical tables are allowed for use.

SECTION I (50 MARKS)
Answer ALL the questions in this section.

  1. Use logarithms to evaluate:(4 marks)
    MathsMEcp2q1
  2.          
    1. Expand (1- 1/2x)up to fourth term. (2 marks)
    2. Use the expansion above to evaluate (0.98)6 (2 marks)
  3. The data below represents the ages in months at which 11 babies started walking:
    9,15 , 12, 9, 8, 13, 7, 11, 13, 14 and 10.
    Calculate the interquartile range of the above data (3 marks)
  4. The fifth term of an arithmetic progression is 11 and the twenty fifth term is 51.
    Calculate the first term and the common difference of the progression. (3 marks)
  5. Find the values of a, b and c.(3 marks)
      √3-22    =   ab+c
      3√2+3
  6. In the figure below QT is a tangent to the circle at Q. PXRT and QXS are straight lines. PX = 6cm, RT = 8cm, QX = 4.8cm and XS = 5cm.
    MathsMEcp2q6
    Find the length of QT (3 marks)
  7. Solve for x in the equation below:
    Log 3(x + 3) = 3 log 3 + 2 (3 marks)
  8. Pipe A can fill a tank in 2 hours, Pipe B and C can empty the tank in 5 hours and 6 hours respectively. How long would it take:
    1. To fill the tank if A and B are left open and C is closed. (2 marks)
    2. To fill the tank with all pipes open. (2 marks)
  9. A transformation is represented by the matrix  MathsMEcp2q9. This transformation maps a triangle ABC of the area 12.5cm2 onto another triangle A′B′C′. Find the area of triangle A′B′C′. (3marks)
  10. Make P the subject of the formula XYP = QPX (3 marks)
  11. The coordinates of the end points of diameter are A(2,4) B(−2,6). Find the equation of a circle in the form
    ax2 + by2 +cx + dy + e = 0 (3 marks)
  12. A bag contains 10 balls of which 3 are red, 5 are white and 2 green. Another bag contains 12 balls of which 4 are red, 3 are white and 5 are green. A bag is chosen at random and a ball picked at random. Find the probability the ball so chosen is red. (3 marks)
  13. Use the trapezium rule with seven ordinates to find the area bounded by the curve y= x2+1 lines x = -2, x = 4 and x – axis (3 marks)
  14. Wanjiku pays for a car on hire purchase in 15 monthly instalments. The cash price of the car is Ksh.300, 000 and the interest rate is 15%p.a. A deposit of Ksh.75, 000 is made. Calculate her monthly repayments. (3 marks)
  15. The length and breadth of a rectangular floor garden were measured and found to be 4.1m and 2.2m respectively. Find the percentage error in its area. (3 marks)
  16. The gradient function of a curve is given dy/dx = 3x2 – 8x + 2. If the curve passes through the point, (2, –2), find its equation. (3 marks)

SECTION II (50 MARKS)
Answer five questions only from this section

  1. The following table shows the rate at which income tax was charged during a certain year.
    Monthly taxable income in Ksh. Tax rate %
     0 - 9860
    9861 - 19720
    19721 - 29580
    29581 - 39440
    39441 - 49300
    49301 - 59160
    over 59160

     10
    15
    20
    25
    30
    35
    40

    A civil servant earns a basic salary of Ksh.35750 and a monthly house allowance of sh.12500. The civil servant is entitled to a personal relief of sh.1062 per month. Calculate:
    1. Taxable income (2 marks)
    2. Calculate his net monthly tax (5 marks)
    3. Apart from the salary the following deduction are also made from his monthly income.
      WCPS at 2% of the basic salary
      Loan repayment Ksh.1325
      NHIF sh.480
      Calculate his net monthly earning. (3 marks)
  2.             
    1. Complete the table below for y=sin 2x and y=sin ( 2x + 30) giving values to 2d.p
      x 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 135 150 165 180
      Sin 2x  0        0.87       -0.87       0
      Sin(2x +30)  0.5       0.5        -1       0.5
      (2 marks)
    2. Draw the graphs of y=sin 2x and y = sin (2x + 30) on the axis. (4 marks)
    3. Use the graph to solve (1 mark)
      Sin (2x + 30) - Sin 2x =0 
    4. Determine the transformation which maps Sin 2x onto Sin (2x  + 30) (1 mark)
    5. State the period and amplitude of y=Sin(2x +30) (2 marks)
  3. A plane S flies from a point P (400N, 450W) to a point Q (350N, 450W) and then to another point T (350N, 1350E).
    1. Given that the radius of the earth is 6370km find the distance from P to Q in Km.
      (Take π = 22/7) (2 marks)
    2. Find in nm
      1. The shortest distance between Q and T. (2 marks)
      2. The longest distance between Q and T (to the nearest tens) (2 marks)
    3. Find the difference in time taken when S flies along the shortest and longest routes if its speed is 420 knots (4 marks)
  4. The following table shows the distribution of marks obtained by 50 students.
    Marks 45 – 49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79
    No. of students  3  9  13  15  5  4  1
    By using an assumed mean of 62, calculate
    1. the mean (5 marks)
    2. the variance (3 marks)
    3. the standard deviation (2 marks) `
  5. The diagram below represents a pyramid standing on rectangular base ABCO. V is the vertex of the pyramid and VA = VB = VC = VD = 26 cm. M is the midpoints of BC and AC respectively. AB = 24 cm and BC = 18 cm.
    MathsMEcp2q21
    Calculate:-
    1. The length of the projection of line VA on plane ABCD (2marks)
    2. The angle between line VA and the plane ABCD. (2marks)
    3. The size of the angle between the planes VBC and ABCD. (2marks)
    4. The vertical height of the pyramid. (2marks)
    5. The volume of the pyramid (2marks)
  6. A parallelogram OACB is such that OA = a, OB = b. D is the mid-point of BC. OE = hOC and AE = kAD.
    MathsMEcp2q22
    1. Express the following in terms of a, b, h and k.
      1. OC (1 mark)
      2. OE (1 mark)
      3. AD (1 mark)
      4. AE (1 mark)
    2. Find the values of h and k. (4 marks)
    3. Determine the ratios:
      1. AE : ED (1 mark)
      2. OE : OC (1 mark)
  7. A uniform distributor is required to supply two sizes of skirts to a school: medium and large sizes. She was given the following conditions by the school.
    1. The total number of skirts must not exceed 600.
    2. The number of medium size skirts must be more than the number of large size skirts.
    3. The number of medium size skirts must not be more than 350 and the number of large size skirts must not be less than 150. If the distributor supplied χ medium size and y large size skirts.
      1. Write down, in terms of χ and y, all the linear inequalities representing the conditions above. (4mks)
      2. On the grid provided, represent the inequalities in (a) above by shading the unwanted regions. (4mks)
      3. The distributor made the following profits per skirt.: Medium size = Sh.300., Large size = Sh.250. Determine the maximum profit. (3mks)
  8.            
    1. On the same diagram construct:-
      1. Triangle PQR such that PQ = 9cm, PR = 7cm and triangle RPQ = 600 (2 marks)
      2. The locus of a point M such that M is equidistant from P and Q. (1mark)
      3. The locus of a point N such that RN ≤ 3.5cm. (1 mark)
    2. On the diagram in part (a)
      1. Shade the region B, containing all the points enclosed by the locus on M and the locus of N such that PM ≥ QM. (2marks)
      2. Find the area of the shaded region in (i) above (4marks)

MARKING SCHEME         

  1. No Std form Log
    45.3
    0.00697


    0.534

    0.8392
    4.5×101
    6.97×10-3


    5.34×10-1

    8.392×10-1
    1.6561
    3.8432 +
    1.4993

    1.7275-
    1.7718÷3
    1.9239
         0.8392
  2.            
    1. 16 + 6.15(-1/2x)+15.14(-1/2x)2 +20.13(-1/2x)3
      =1 - 3x + 15/4x2 - 5/4x3

    2. -1/2x= -0.02
      x= 0.04
      = 1 - 30.04+15/4(0.04)2+5/4(0.04)3
      = 1.11392

  3. Arrange in ascending order
    7,8,9,9,10,11,12,13,13,14,15
    Q1 = 9
    Q3 = 13
    Quartile range = 13 – 9 = 4

  4. a + 4d = 11 (i)
    a + 24d = 51 ii
          20d=40
    d = 2 a = 3

  5.    √3-22   x     32- 3   
      3√2+ √3         3√2- √3
    3√6-12+2√6
       18-3
    1/3√6-1
    a=1/3,b=6 and c=-1

  6. X R = 4.8 × 5/6=4
    QT2 = PT x RT
    QT 2 = 18 x 8
    QT = √144
    QT = 12cm

  7. log (3x + 9) = log 33 + log 100
    log (3x + 9) = log 2700
    3x + 9 = 2700
    3x = 2691
      3x   = 2691
      3          3
    x = 897

  8.            
    1. 1/2 - 1/5= 3/10
      Required time = 10/3
      = 3 1/3 or 3 hours 20 mins

    2. 1/2 - 1/5 - 1/6= 4/30
      Required time = 30/3
      = 7 hrs. 30mins or 7 ½

  9. Determinant = 2 – 12 = –10
    A.S.F= -10
    = 10
    10x 12.5 = 125 cm2

  10. Log x+p=px
    Log x + p log y=px log Q
    Log x=px log Q- p log y
    Log x= p(x log Q-log y)
            log x        = p
    xlog Q - log y

  11. Midpoint (2+-2/2,4+6/2)
    0,5
    Length= √(0-2)2(5-4)2
    Radius √4+1 =5units
    (x-0)2+ (y-5)2 =√52
    X+ y- 10y + 20=0

  12. P(R) bag A 1/2 x 4/12= 1/6
    P(R) bag B 1/2 x 3/10= 3/20
    1/+ 3/10 =38/120
    = 19/60


  13. x -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4
    y 5 2 1 2 5 10 17
    Area = 1/2 ( 5 + 17 + 2(2 + 1 + 2 + 5 + 10)
    = 31 sq. Units

  14. P = 300,000 - 75000 = 225,000
    A = 225,000 x 1.151.25
    = 225,000 x 1.151.25
             15
    225000 x 1.190 = 267950
             15                  15
    = Ksh.17863

  15. Maximum area 4015 x 2.25=9.3375
    Actual area 4.1 x 2.2=9.02
    Minimum area 4.05 x 2.15 = 8.7075
    A.e = 9.3375-8.7075
                   2
    = 0.315
    %error=0.315/9.02 × 100%
    = 3.492%

  16. dy/dx = 3x2-8x+2
    y = x3-4x2+2x+c
    At x = 2 y=-2
    - 2 = 8-16+4+c
    C=2
    y = x3- 4x2 + 2x+2

  17.                
    1. taxable income
      • 35750 + 12500 = 48250= sh.48250

    2. 9860 x 10/100 = 986
      9860 x 75/100 = 1479
      9860 x 20/100 = 2976
      9860 x 25/100 = 2465
      8810 x 30/100 = 2643
                               9545
      Total less relief 1062
      sh.8483pm

    3. WCPS = 2/100 x 35750 = 715
      Total deduction
      (8483 + 715 + 1325 + 480) = 11000
      Net salary = 48250 - 11000
      sh.37250 p.m
  18.              
    1.          
      X 0 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 135 150 160 180
      Sin 2x  0.5  0.87  1  0.87  0.5  0 -0.5 -0.87 -1 -0.87 -0.5 0
      Sin (2x +30) 0.5 0.87 1 0.87  0.5  0  -0.5 -0.87 -1 -0.87 0.5 0 0.5
    2.        
      MathsMEcp1qa18c
    3. x = 30.6o 120.9o
    4. Translation 
      MathsMEcp2qa18d
    5. Period 180o amplitude 1
  19.       
    1. 10/360 x 2 x 22/7 x 6370
      = 1112km
    2.        
      1. 110 x 60
        = 6600nm

      2. 180 x 60 x cos 35º
        = 8850nm.

    3. 420 = 6600
      T1  = 6600
                420
      = 15hr 43min
      420 = 8850
                  T2
      T2 = 21h 4min
      T2 – T1 = 21hr 4min – 15hr 43min
      = 5hrs 21min     
  20.       
    1. A =62
      Marks f x d=x-A Fd d2 Fd2
      45 – 49
      50 -54
      55- 59
      60 – 64
      65 – 69
      70 – 74
      75- 79
      3
      9
      13
      15
      5
      4
       47
      52
      57
      62
      67
      72
      77
       -15
      -10
      -5
      0
      5
      10
      15
       -45
      -90
      -65
      0
      25
      40
      15
       225
      100
      25
      0
      25
      100
      225
       675
      900
      325
      0
      125
      400
      225
        f=50     Σfd=120    Σfd2=2650

      Mean , x = A + ∑fd
                               ∑f
      = 62 + -120/50
      = 62 - 2.4
      = 59.6

    2. v = ∑fd2 - (∑fd/ ∑f )2
             ∑f       
      = 2650   -   (120/50)2
           50           
      = 53 – 5.7 = 47 .24

    3. s.d = √ ∑fd2 - (∑fd/ ∑f )2
                   ∑f         
      =√ 47.24
      = 6.873              
    1. C=182+242
      =30 cm
      VA = 0.5×30=15 cm

    2. cos θ=1526
      θ=54.77

    3. ϑ=21.2412 =60.54°
      √262-15
      =21.24 cm
    4. v=13Ah=13×24×18×21.24
      =3058.56 cm3
  21.        
    1.        

      1. Oc= a + b
      2. OE= h (a + b)
      3. AD = b – ½ a
      4. AE = k (b – ½ a)


    2. OE = a + k (b – ½ a)
      a + kb – ½ ka = ha + hb
      (1 – ½ k) = h
      K – h
      1 – ½ h = h
      1 = 3/2h
      h = 2/3 k = 2/3


    3. AE = 2/3AD
      AE : ED
      2 : 1
      OE : OC
      OE = 2/3OC
      = 2 :1

  22. x+y≤600
    x>y
    x≤350
    y≥150
    MathsMEcp1qa23
    300x+250y
    300350+250250=sh167500
  23.      
    MathsMEcp1qa24
    A = 147/360 × 22/7 × 3.5×3.5 – ½ × 3.5×3.5sin147
    = 1.2 384 cm2

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