Christian Religious Education Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Kakamega Evaluation Mock Exams 2022

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    1. Outline the activities that took place in the second account of creation Genesis 2:4b-25(8marks)
    2. Identify the provisions given to human beings by God in Biblical creation stories  (6marks)
    3. What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African communities? (6marks)                                             
    1. State eight ways in which God took care of the Israelites during the Exodus (8marks)
    2. How did the Israelites worship God when they were in the wilderness? (5marks)
    3. Identify seven challenges that Christians face while practicing their faith in Kenya today. (7marks)
    1. Explain six ways that king David used to promote the worship of God in Israel (6marks)             
    2. Identify ways in which King Jeroboam contributed to religious schism between Judah and Israel. (8marks)
    3. How does the church help to bring back members who have fallen from faith? (6marks)
    1. Describe three categories of true prophets in the Old Testament. (6marks)
    2. State ways in which the rich oppressed the poor during the time of Prophet Amos. (8marks)
    3. Give six reasons why Christians find it difficult to help the needy in society today (6marks)
    1. State seven promises that the Israelites made when they renewed their covenant with God during the time of Nehemiah ( Nehemiah 10: 28- 39) (7marks)
    2. Identify the final reforms carried out by Nehemiah to restore the Worship of God in Judah(6marks)
    3. What problems do Christian leaders in Kenya face in their work today (7marks)
    1. Identify six ways in which initiation rites have changed today (6marks)
    2. Give eight reasons for singing and dancing during initiation ceremonies in traditional African communities.(8marks)
    3. Give reasons why female circumcision is being discouraged in Kenya today  (6marks)


      • God formed man out of dust and breathed into his nostrils the breathe of life
      • God planted the Garden of Eden in the east and placed man whom he had formed
      • He planted trees of all kind in the garden including the tree of knowledge of good and evil
      • He irrigated the garden using a river that divided into four/Pishon /Gihon /Tigris /Euphrates
      • God put man in the garden of Eden to till and keep it
      • God commanded man to eat from all the trees in the garden except from the tree of knowledge of good and evil lest he shall die
      • God saw that it was not good for man to be alone /decided to make him a helper fit for him
      • God formed animals and birds and brought them to man to name them /man gave names to creatures
      • Lord caused man to go into sleep /formed the woman out of man’s ribs
      • The man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed
      • The Garden of Eden/ a home.
      • A helper/companion/wife.
      • His love/perfect happiness.
      • Wealth e.g. gold from the rivers.
      • Power to procreate.
      • Authority over creation.
      • All types of food from the plants and animals.
      • Water from the four rivers.
      • Paying of a fine
      • Excommunication/ banishment/ ostracized/ Exile
      • Punishment/ ridicule/ pain to the body
      • Being killed
      • Cleaning/ undergoing rituals
      • Making sacrifices to appease the ancestors/ God/ Spirit
      • Offering  compensation
      • Being cursed/  mysterious happenings
      • Denial  of privileges (Any 6x1=6marks)
      • He guides the Israelites by a pillar of cloud during the day
      • He provided a pillar of fire of guide them during the night.
      • God sent an angel who engulfed the Egyptian solders in darkness to delay their attack on the Israelites.
      • He gave them priests to be intermediaries between them and God.
      • God split the waters of the Red sea to create a dry path for the Israelites to pass.
      • He punished the Egyptian soldiers who were pursuing the Israelites by drowning them in the Red Sea.
      • God changed bitter water into sweet waters for the Israelites to drink at Marah.
      • God provided Manna and quails as food for the Israelites when they were hungry. Healing those who were bittern by snakes.
      • God assisted the Israelites to defeat the Amalekites.
      • He provided them with strong leaders like Moses.
      • God gave them the 10 commandments to guide them on their relationship with him and one another.(First 8x1=8marks)
      • They built alters
      • They offered sacrifices/burnt sacrifices/burnt offerings
      • They sang songs/danced
      • They said prayers
      • They held festivals
      • They gave offerings/tithes
      • They constructed/sacred places of worship/tabernacle/tent of meeting
      • They observed the Sabbath day
      • They observed the ten commandments and the Mosaic law
      • They had religious leaders e.g. Moses, Aaron and priests
      • The emergence of splinter groups within the church.
      • The emergence of cults which practice ungodly activities.
      • The emphasis of materialism by the churches.
      • Lack of roles models among the leaders.
      • Open conflict among/between the leaders and the church members/authoritarianism.
      • Misuse of resources by the leaders.
      • Rise of state-church conflict e.g No/Yes situation.
      • Confusion among Christians due to different interpretation of the Bible.
      • Church leaders not having time for all members/discrimination.
      • Negative effects of mass media/modern technology
      • Permissiveness/moral decadence/during abuse                      
      • He brought the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem.
      • He made Jerusalem a holy city where Israelites from all over the land came for important religious occasion. 
      • He composed the Psalms which were used in worship by the Israelites.
      • He showed respect to the prophets of Yahweh/listened to their messages. 
      • He wanted to build a temple for God/made preparations for its construction.
      • When he made mistakes, he asked for Yahweh’s forgiveness/repented.
      • He sought for God’s guidance in whatever he wanted to do 
      • He entered into a covenant with God. 
      • He build alters / offered sacrifices          
      • He stopped the Israelites from going to worship in Jerusalem.
      • He made golden calves and placed one at Bethel and another at Dan to represent Yahweh.
      • He set up two rival places of worship at Dan and Bethel.
      • He made Israelites to offer sacrifices to the golden calves.
      • He chose priests from ordinary families i.e. those who did not belong to the tribe of Levi to serve at worship centers.
      • He burnt incense at altars of the idols i.e. he worshipped idols thus breaking the first commandment.
      • He instituted religious festivals and feasts in the months of his choice.
      • He led a revolt that led to the split of the kingdom
      • He did not listen to the advice of the prophet of God
      • He offered his own sacrifice on the altar yet he was not a priest. 
      • By visiting them/inviting them to their homes.
      • By being patient/forgiving them.
      • By evangelizing them/preaching to them/teaching them.
      • By guiding and counseling them/referring them to experts according to their needs.
      • Praying for / with them 
      • By inviting them back to church.
      • By encouraging them to repent/confess.
      • By offering them material needs/aid.
      • Major Prophets – their messages/books are elaborate/detailed
      • Minor Prophets – they have short /brief messages
      • Early old testament prophets- were sent by God for specific tasks
      • Prophetesses- these are women who prophesied e.g. Miriam, Debora etc
      • Professional/court prophets-they assisted the kings in finding out Gods will.They preached to the people /brought them to the covenant way of life
      • The Israelites sold honest men into slavery for silver or a pair of sandals.
      • Exaggeration of prices/ overcharging.
      • Land grabbing by the rich /were robbed their belongings. 
      • Use of false scales/faulty weighing scales
      • Trampling on the needy.
      • Bribery and corruption in the law courts. The poor were prosecuted when they challenged injustice and spoke the truth in the court. 
      • Worthless wheat was sold to them /goods unfit for human consumption.
      • The poor were made to work on land owned by the rich for very little pay.
      • Temple prostitutes were from the poor families.  (Any 8x1=8marks)                
      • There are too many needy cases.
      • Tribal/ethnic feelings may hinder one from giving assistance to the needy. 
      • Political leaning/affiliations influence Christians against helping those who do not belong to their camp. 
      • Lack of what to share/inadequacy 
      • Indifferences of some Christians to the light of the needy. 
      • Denominational differences where some Christians are not ready share with those who do not belong to their group.
      • Poor communication/infrastructure in some parts of the country that make impossible to reach the needy. 
      • It is difficult to identify the genuine needy cases.
      • Misappropriation of resources meant for assisting the needy discourages Christian from contributing.   
      • They would live according to Gods law/obey all his commandments/requirements
      • They would not intermarry with the foreigners living in their land
      • They promised not to farm every seventh year/they were to cancel all the debts
      • They would make annual contribution towards temple expenses/not to neglect the house of God
      • They were to provide wood for burnt sacrifices
      • They would offer the first fruits of their harvest/dedicate their first born sons/flocks as required by the law
      • They would pay their tithes in accordance with the law 
      • They would not buy corn or anything else  foreigners on the Sabbath or any other holiday 
      • Cleansing of the temple
      • Reinstating of the Levites and other temple workers
      • He ordered the closure of Jerusalem for proper Sabbath observance
      • He separated the Jewish from the foreigners
      • He purified the priesthood.
      • Throwing out the household of Tobia out of the chamber
      • Cleansing the chamber in the temple 
      • Returning the vessels of the house of God
      • Appointing treasures over the storehouses
      • Stopping the buying and selling of wares on the Sabbath day
      • He ordered an end to mixed marriages/foreigners.            
      • Opposition from political leaders/society.
      • Lack of cooperation from the members of the church/lack of unity among Christians
      • False prophets/cultic affiliation// hypocrisy/black magic/witchcraft
      • Misinterpretation of the scriptures
      • Drug  abuse among the members
      • Lack of adequate time for pastoral care
      • Poor infrastructure that make it impossible to reach some areas
      • Insecurity in some parts of the country
      • Lack of resources to enable them spread the good new/poverty
      • Lack of professional training to enable them do their work effectively.
      • Permissiveness/moral decadence, which has become the order of the day.
      • Negative influence from the mass media/pornography.
      • Some initiation rite have been abandoned e.g. removal of teeth
      • The rites are less elaborated /no ceremonies
      • Some communities have adopted initiation rite from others.
      • The times for initiation have been shifted due to formal education.
      • Many prefer to go for circumcision in hospitals.
      • The age of initiation has shifted from adolescent to young children.
      • It is carried out at family level in most cases
      • Female genital mutilation (F.G.M) has been outlawed
      • The songs inform the participants of the history of the community/preserving culture/ importance of initiation.
      • They provide an opportunity for the members to socialize/welcome ancestors
      • It diverts the initiate’s minds from the impending pain.
      • The songs teach the initiates important moral values.
      • The songs educate the participants of gender roles /relationship
      • Through singing and dancing members exercise their bodies
      • The songs encourage the initiates to face the challenges/rebuke cowardice.
      • They are used to mark the various stages of the initiation ceremonies.
      • It is a form of prayer for  the initiates /drive away evil spirits/ involving spirits
      • Singing and dancing is a form of entertainment.
      • Health  risks-it  may lead to excessive bleeding  to girls
      • It may  lead to death
      • It may lead to infertility  among the girls
      • It contributes to early marriage
      • It may lead to the victim  being discriminated against / psychological torture/girl being traumatized
      • It may  lead to the victim  dropping  out of school
      • Uncircumcised girls can be discriminated/harassed in learning institutions/community
      • Forced  female circumcision   undermines the dignity of the victim
      • It is against  the women  rights/child abuse
      • It leads  to lack of sexual satisfaction
      • It may  lead to HIV/AIDS infections
      • It may lead to separation/divorce 
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