English Paper 3 Questions and Answers - Samia Joint Mock Examination 2023

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Instructions to the Candidates

  • Answer three questions only.
  • Questions one and two are compulsory.
  • In question three choose only one of the optional texts you have prepared for.
  • Where a candidate presents work on more than one optional text, only the first one to appear will be marked.
  • Each of your essays must not exceed 450 words.
  • Candidates must answer the questions in English.

Answer three questions only

    1. Write a composition ending with the following words
      --------------------since that day, I have always promised myself to remain focused in my studies.
    2. Write a composition explaining what Kenyan youths can do to help in the fight against corruption.
    Basing your illustrations on Blossoms of the Savannah, write an essay to negate the saying, “blood is thicker than water.”
    1. The short story ( a silent song and other stories)
      Some cultural practices do not add value hence should be done away with. Show the truth in this statement basing your illustrations from Eric Ng’maryo’s Ivory Bangles.
    2. Drama –David Mulwa , Inheritance.
      Bad leadership can lead to suffering of citizens of the country. Using illustrations from David Mulwa’s Inheritance show the truth in this statement.
    3. The novel-Kazuo Ishiguro. An Artist of the Floating World
      War has a way of affecting not only property but also people’s lives. Drawing examples from the life of Masuji Ono in Ishiguro’s An Artist of The Floating World, write an essay to show the truth of this statement.



  • Paper 101/3is intended to test the candidate’s ability to communicate in writing. Communication is established at different levels of intelligibility, correctness, fluency, pleasantness and originality. Within the constraints set by each question.
  • Examiners should not hesitate to use the full range of marks for each essay.
  • It is important to determine first how each essay communicates and which category A, B, C or D it fits. (The marks indicated below are for question one)
    D CLASS:
    The candidate either does not communicate at all or his language ability is minimal that the examiner practically has to guess what the candidate wants to say. The candidate fails to fit the English words she knows into meaningful sentences. The subject is glanced at or distorted. Practically no valid. Punctuation. All kinds of errors “broken English”
    01 – 02:
    Chaotic, little meaning whatsoever. Question paper or some words for, it simply copied.
    D 03:

    Although the English is often broken and essay is full of errors of all types, we can at least guess what the candidate wants to say.
    C CLASS:
    The candidate communicates understandably but only more or less clearly. He is not confident with his language. The subject is always undeveloped. There may be some digressions. Unnecessary repetitions are frequent. The arrangement is weak and the flow jerky. There is no economy of language: mother tongue influence is felt.

    The candidate obviously finds it difficult to communicate his/her ideas. He/she is seriously hampered by his/her very limited knowledge of structure and vocabulary. This results in many gross errors of agreement, spelling, misuses of prepositions, tenses, verb agreement and construction.
    C 08:
    The candidate communicates but not with consistent clarity. His/her linguistic abilities being very limited, he/she cannot avoid frequent errors in sentence structure. There is very little variety or originality. Very bookish English, links are weak, incorrect, repeated at times.
    C+9 – 10:
    The candidate communicates clearly but in a flat and uncertain manner. Simple concepts sentence forms are often strained. There may be an overuse of clichés, unsuitable idioms errors of agreement, tenses and spelling
    B CLASS:
    This class is characterized by greater fluency and ease if expression. The candidate demonstrates that he/she can use English as a normal way of expressing himself/herself. Sentences are varied and usually well-constructed. Some candidates become ambitious and sentences are varied and usually well-constructed. Some candidates become ambitious and even over-ambitious. There may be items of merit of one word or one expression type. Many essays in this category may be just clean and unassuming but they still show that the candidate is at ease with the language. There may be a tendency to under mark such essays. Give credit for tone.
    B 11 – 12:
    The candidate communicates fairly with some fluency. There may be little variety in sentence structure.
    B 13:
    The sentences are varied but rather simple and straight forward. The candidate does not strain himself/herself in an effort to impress. There is a fair range of vocabulary and idiom. Natural and effortless and some item of merit, economy of language.
    14 – 15:
    The candidate communicates not only fluently, but attractively, with originality and efficiency. He/she has the ability to make us share his deep feelings, emotion enthusiasms. He/she expresses himself freely and without any visible constraint. The scripts give evidence of maturity good planning and often humor. Many items merit which indicates of “whole sentence” or the “whole expression” type.
    A CLASS:
    The candidate communicates not only fluently, but attractively, with originality and efficiency. He/she has the ability to make us share his deep feelings, emotion, enthusiasms. He/she expresses himself freely and without any visible constraint the script gives evidence of maturity good planning and often humor. Many items of merit which indicate that the candidate has complete command of the language. There is no strain, just pleasantness, clever arrangement felicity of expression.
    A – 16 – 17:
    The candidate shows competence and fluency in using language. He may lack imagination or originality which usually provide the “spark” in such essays. Vocabulary idiom, sentence structure, links, variety are impressive. Gross errors are very rare.
    A 18:
    Positive ability. A few errors that are felt to be slips. The story or argument has a definite impact. No grammar problem. Variety of structures. A definite spark. Many margin ticks.
    A -19 – 20:
    The candidate communicates not only information and meaning, but also and especially the candidates whole self: his/her feelings, tastes, points of view, youth, culture. This ability to communicate his deep self may express itself in many ways; wide range C effective vocabulary, original, approach, vivid and sustained account in the case of narrative, well developed and ordered argument in the case of a debate or discussion. Errors and slips should not deprive the candidate of the full marks, he deserves. A very definite spark.
     A – A+
     19 – 20
     16 – 17
     B – B+
     14 – 15
     11 – 12
     C – C+
     09 – 10
     06 – 07
     D – D+
     04 – 05
     00 – 02


The main signs indicate three degrees of seriousness of error,

This sign in the margin is used only when a construction error affects more than one line. The following symbols may also be used.
BROKEN ENGLISH when the candidate falls to communicate BR in margin

COW to indicate that a candidate has crossed to make a correction-paragraph/page.
BRACKET () indicates a part of a D script that communicates.
*Use an asterisk to indicate an item or a sentence that the rubrics indicate should be used
TO INDICATE AN ITEM OF MERIT, use a tick (√) either above a word or in the margin for the whole sentence.

  • Almost any error or agreement
  • Serious tense error
  • Errors of elementary vocabulary
  • Punctuation errors or missing punctuation which causes serious lack of communication
  • Elementary errors of sentence construction
  • Ridiculous use of idiom that affects communication
  • Misuse of common prepositions
  • Misuse of capital letter – Use CAPS underline the first page and use CAPS on subsequent pages where the mistake persists.
    Contracted forms expect in dialogue.


  • Decide on the degree of communication achieved A – D
  • After underlining decide on the nark category.
  • Allocate a numeric mark to the easy.


All problem scripts must be marked by the examiner and then sent to the team leader with comments.

    1. Consistence distortion of question, evasion of question, writing on a totally different subject with clumps attempt at connecting the essay to the subject given, inclusion of memorized passages etc.
    2. The question is given an unacceptable or questionable interruption.
    3. Essays contain long semi-relevant digressions or lack coherence.
      The examiner marks the essay, gives a linguistic mark and comments on the nature of the irrelevancy. The essay is the passed over the team leader who judges whether the irrelevance should be judged as deliberate attempt to deceive or should be attributed to the candidate’s PC understanding of the subject Deduct up 4 marks for irrelevancy in the essay. If dishonesty is suspected, the Chief Examiner should be informed. Any deduction of 3 marks or more should be referred to the Chief Examiner.
    Since the rubrics may change from year to year, the POINTS OF INTEPRETATION that are part of this MARKING SCHEME must be consulted and adhered to faithfully. Here are some general rules that usually apply.
    1. Decide on category D+, or D-
    2. Mark the errors of the essay.
    3. Team leaders should – look at a good number of those scripts and ensure that the mark is given fair.
    It should be remembered that the main quality of an essay is how effectively it communicates. If an essay looks too short, the examiner should take the time to count the exact number of words.

A good number and expressions are understood and currently used by all Kenyans. They can be used in essays without any need for quotation marks or explanations. We can include among those:

  • Pangas, rungu, shamba, murram, matatu.
  • Wananchi, ugali, madarasa, harambee, matoke.
  • Maendeleoyawanawake, salaam, ayah, askari.
  • Debe, duka, nyayo, boma, sukuma wiki, goat party, manyatta, magendo, katiba.

Although British English are common than “American English” spelling in Kenyan examiners, should accept and no penalty should be given for such variations penalize for lack of consistency in usage of either.


  • Must be a story, if not deduct (4AD)
  • Must end with the given sentence. If not deduct (2AD) for rubric
  • The story must be credible about what happened.


  • expect an explanatory composition, if not deduct AD 2
  • The student must show understanding of Corruption
  • language competence should be considered


  • Create awareness about the nature and forms of corruption
  • Desist from involving themselves in corruption
  • Act as whistle blowers by reporting corruption cases

Henry Ole Kulet - Blossoms of the Savanna

Basing your illustrations on Blossoms of the Savannah, write an essay to negate the saying “Blood is thicker than water” (20 marks)

  • Actions by some characters in Blossoms of the Savannah tend to negate the saying ‘blood is thicker than water.’ We expect family bonds to be the strongest and the loyalty to be true yet that is not the case. Ole Kaelo and Mama Milanoi put their daughters Taiyo and Resian through harrowing experiences and ironically, they get help from strangers such as Nabaru and MinikeneNkoitoi.
  • Bi OleKaelo’s actions go against the saying blood is thicker than water. Although he is Resian’s father, he abhors her for no apparent reason. Ole Kaelo intimidates Resian so much and she only finds solace in her sister Taiyo. Ole Kaelo teams up with Oloisudori to hatch an evil plan to kidnap Resian, anesthetize her and have her circumcised should she turn down Oloisudori’s proposal. He is against her ambitions of joining Egerton University with the intention of marrying her off to an old man she hates. This indeed negates the saying; blood is thicker than water.
  • Bii Mama Milanoi’s actions also negate the saying blood is thicker than water. In the face of Resian’s constant intimidation by her own father, Mama Milanoi fails to protect her. Resian constantly rushes to Taiyo for a shoulder to lean on. She also deceives Taiyo using Resian’s plight, to accompany the three women to Esoit where she is savagely circumcised against her will. Surprisingly, Taiyo is rescued by Joseph Parmuat, who is not a blood relative; sadly, he loses his life. Indeed, this is a testament that family bonds may sometimes be the weak link in a relationship.
  • Biii Taiyo’s experiences in Nasila prove that sometimes family ties are not the strongest ties. Her father is clearly inconsiderate of her feelings and needs when he denies her a chance to attend a music extravaganza in Mombasa. When she is kidnapped, help comes from unexpected quarters. She is rescued by MinikeneNkoitoi’s team. Joseph Parmuat, a distant clan member, sacrifices himself for Taiyo’s sake when her parents seem indifferent. Indeed; this negates the saying blood is thicker than water
  • Biv Lastly, Nabaru the enkabaani cares for Resian more than her mother does. Resian even calls her a “God given mother”. Although they are not related, Nabaru proves to be caring and motherly. She tends to Resian following the nasty beating she received from Olarinkoi. When her father tries to forcefully marry her off to Oloisudori, Resian escapes to Inkiito with the help of Olarinkoi; little does she know that he has ulterior motives. He attempts to rape her and hurts her badly. During her 3 weeks stay at Inkiito, Resian receives tender care in terms of medical attention and food from Nabaru. She is not only a loving and caring mother to her, but also a valuable friend and confidant. She also rescues her from the hands of Olarinkoi and his evil mother Enkoiboni despite the fact that she has been paid handsomely in order to be part of the scheme. This also negates the popular belief that blood is thicker than water.
  • To sum up, Mama Milanoi and Ole Kaelo prove that family members can turn out to be our greatest enemies and occasionally help comes from people who are not necessarily related to us.
     0-4  1MK
     5-6  2MKS
     7-8  3MKS
     9-12  4MKS

     1-5   1MK
     6-12   2MKS

3.(a) Short story (Ivory Bangles by EricNg’maryo)


Some traditions in our societies have lost meaning and should be done away with/abandoned as seen in the story ivory bangles by Eric Ng’maryo.(accept any other relevant introduction)
T1 believe in the seer.

  • The only visits the seer considered as the priest of people. (pg. 21)
  • He goes the seer because of his superstitious nature. He had to consult the seer since he had noted blood specks on the liver of a goat that he had slaughtered (pg. 21)
    Tthis is a cultural practice that has lost meaning for its meant to drive a wedge between him and his wife.

T2. Polygamy

  • his monogamous state was a concern for the aging chief who told him to get another wife (pg. 23)
  • he was still the chief’s counselor much respected but much talked about because he had only one wife (pg. 22)
  • this shows that the old man’s society values the tradition of polygamy and one who does not engage is considered a failure.

T3. wife beating/molestation (ritual beating)

  • The were jealous of a happy wife. A woman unmolested by the husband until old age. It is not acceptable for a wife to enjoy a comfortable life with her husband in this community.
  • The husband is expected to molest his wife to ensure that she doesn’t enjoy happiness. Failure to do so could lead to a disastrous outcome as the pebbles foretell wife’s death.
  • The pebbles demand the old man gives his wife a through beating and sent her back to her parents. (pg. 22)
    This is a practice that does not add any value in the marriage.

T4. Naming of children

  • naming of children is seen as an essential practice. twenty-four ivory bangles that the wife wears were gifted to her when their only son was given a name.
  • the value of child naming is also seen because the old man’s grandson is named after him. The writer refers to the young boy as her husband. (pg230
  • this culture is long overtaken by the modernity


  • We should embrace the change and do things that do not harm others in the name of cultural practices. (Accept any other relevant conclusion)
    (b). drama- David Mulwa. Inheritance
    Poor governance causes hardship to the country. Such leadership is driven by greed. Any decision made is to the detriment of the country. For example, bad leaders give jobs on the basis of tribal affiliations or loyalty. This is bad for a country as such people may not necessary be fit for those jobs. Also, such leaders loot their nation ‘s economy. In Inheritance, Lacuna Kasoo mismanages Kutula Republic and makes citizens suffer as illustrated below. Accept any other relevant introduction: Award 2 mks. (Can be general or contextualized or general - contextualized)
    • Li The citizens are poor. Tamina works for very little pay and what she earns is not enough for the domestic expenses. When she is given eight hundred shillings by her husband, she gets frustrated as the money is not enough to cover all her expenses. Also from the description of their house, it is clear that the family is poor. This is attributable to the economic mismanagement of the country by Lacuna. For example, he stashes money in foreign countries and lives in luxury, even owning a private jet.
    • Lii Land is taken away from them. Tamina is forced to sell her land to Chipande. Lacuna is to blame as he favoursChipande in decreeing the coffee can only be grown by Chipande. She is now forced to work for very little pay on a land that used to be hers. Also Lacuna attempts to displace people from their land by force as demanded by colonial powers.
    • Liii Citizens suffer false imprisonment. Bengo is imprisoned for daring to stand for election against Lacuna Kasoo. Also Lulu Zen Melo was held at the palace by Lacuna against her will with the intention of deflowering her for the purpose of cementing his position as a leader.
    • Liv There are murders and attempted murders in Kutula. Anyone who is perceived enemy of Lacuna is killed. Judah Zen Melo is beaten and left for dead for refusing to eliminate his brother Bengo Zen Melo who is perceived as a threat to the leadership of Lacuna. Later, Judah is killed in what is made to look like an accident.
    • Lv Citizens are disillusioned. Lulu and Judah have gotten so disillusioned that they give up on God. Judah says that he has not looked up since he decided to struggle on his own. Lulu also wonders if God is still there in that valley. All this is attributed to the suffering they have undergone as a result of Lacuna‘s misrule. Lulu is sent away from school as her mother cannot raise the exorbitant school fees, Judah is overworked and underpaid and Tamina works for very little pay.
      Any four well illustrated points 3 = 12 (3:3:3:3)
      In conclusion, when a country is mismanaged by a bad leader, the citizens suffer greatly. It is important for leaders to be accountable to their citizens and run to their country in a democratic manner for the good of the citizens.
      Any other relevant conclusion, award 2 marks
      c) Kazuo Ishiguro, AN ARTIST OF THE FLOATING WORLD
      War has a way of affecting not only property but also people’s lives. Drawing examples from the life of Masuji Ono in Ishiguro’s An Artist of the Floating World, write an essay to show the truth of this statement.
      War has many after-effects. It may destroy not only property but people’s lives as well. This is what happens to Masuji Ono after the Second World War in Japan. (Accept any other relevant introduction) (2 marks)
    • W (i) Masuji loses his son Kenji to the war when he and a team tried to cross the mines. They⎭ are blown up and burnt beyond recognition. They have to wait for more than a year for his ashes to be brought to them from Manchuria. In fact, when the ashes are brought her daughter Setsuko doubts if is not mixed with those of his friend with whom they died. Suichi, is emotional and cannot stay to the end of the ceremony.
    • W (ii) Suichi is transformed after he returned from war. He is bitter of his elders and that so many of⎭ his friend perished in the war. Masuji is worried that Suichi’s stand would rub off in his daughter Setsuko. 63-65
    • W (iii) Hirayama boy is beaten by the people for chanting military songs, the very songs he had sung⎭ before the war and people offered him some money and food in return. Before the war he was popular in the pleasure district. Now people have turned against him. They feel he should sing new songs. Pp. 65-67
    • W (iv) Jiro Miyake’s president of the company commits suicide after the way. He gassed⎭ himself and sought to die as an apology for his culpability during the war. The narrator says: “Everyday there seems to be a report of someone else killing himself in a n apology.” Pp.59- 62
    • W (v) As a result of war the pleasure district that hitherto full of people has become deserted.⎭ Kawakami’s place is deserted with few customers. MigariHidari is destroyed and has to be renovated. Pp. 24-26
    • W(vi) Masuji Ono’s house that he acquired from Akira Sugimura, was destroyed. After the war he⎭ wants to repair but the building cost has also shot up making it hard for him to repair it. Pp. 5-7.
      (Accept any 4 well illustrated points. Mark 4;4;4;4. Total – 12 marks Grammar and presentation 4marks
      War can disorganize people’s lives. (Accept any other valid conclusion) (2 marks)
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