CRE Paper 1 Questions and Answers - Samia Joint Mock Examination 2023

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  • This paper consists of SIX questions
  • Answer any five questions 
    1. Identify five law books in the Bible (5 marks)
    2. From the story of the fall of human beings in Genesis Chapter 3, state the effects of sin. (7 marks)
    3. Outline eight ways in which the Bible is misused in Kenya today. (8 marks)
    1. Identify eight conditions that God gave to the Israelites during the renewal of the Sinai Covenant (8 marks)
    2. Describe the call of Abraham (6 marks)
    3. Explain the importance of Circumcision to Abraham and his descendants. (6 marks)
    1. Identify the activities of King Jeroboam that contributed to religious schism between Judah and Israel. (6 marks)
    2. Outline the failures of King Saul (6 marks)
    3. State lessons Christians learn from the failures of King Saul. (8 marks)
    1. Outline differences between Traditional African Prophets and the Old Testament Prophets. (7 marks)
    2. Outline the social injustices condemned by Prophet Amos in Israel. (7 marks)
    3. State ways in which God would punish Israel for her evil according to Prophet Amos. (6 marks)
    1. Describe the political background to Nehemiah. (5 marks)
    2. Identify problems experienced by Nehemiah during the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem. (7 marks)
    3. State the leadership qualities demonstrated by Nehemiah. (8 marks)
    1. Identify rituals performed after the death of a person in Traditional African Communities. (6 marks)
    2. List moral values promoted during funeral ceremonies in Traditional African Communities. (7 marks)
    3. Name seven places of worship in which sacrifices were carried out in Traditional African Communities. (7 marks)


    1. Identify five law books in the Bible. (5mks)
      • Genesis
      • Exodus
      • Leviticus
      • Numbers
      • Deuteronomy
    2. From the story of the fall of human beings in Genesis Chapter 3, state the effects of sin. (7mks)
      • Human beings were ashamed of their nakedness
      • Death came into the world
      • Relationship between human beings and God changed to that of fear/man started fearing God.
      • Adam and Eve were chased from the garden of Eden
      • Enmity between human beings and the serpent developed.
      • Woman to experience pain in child bearing
      • Man was to toil so as to eat.
      • Man was made to rule over the woman
      • The serpent was cursed to crawl on the ground.
      • The ground was cursed.   (any 7x1)
    3. Outline eight ways in which the Bible is misused in Kenya today. (8x1)
      • Kept in places associated with evil.
      • It is used in witchcrafts/cults to mislead people
      • People distraught biblical teachings through misinterpretation of its verses.
      • Some people use it as ordinary text book.
      • Some people use it to enrich themselves/tools of trade.
      • It is not read for spiritual growth but kept for display.
      • New translations of the bible have altered the original meaning of the Bible.
      • Some people use it to threaten others/administer curses.
      • Bible is used to take oath in courts and offices by people who may not believe in it/they don’t say the truth.
    1. Identify eight conditions that God gave to the Israelites during the renewal of the Sinai Covenant. (Exodus 34: 1 -35) (8mks)
      • Obey God’s commands
      • Not to make any covenant/treaty with other tribes
      • To destroy/break down the alters/smash idol places of worship.
      • To keep the feast of unleavened bread
      • Dedicate their first born male children and those of their flocks to God.
      • Rest on the Sabbath day
      • Observe the feast of weeks/after first fruits of their harvest to God.
      • Not to intermarry with foreigners
      • Not to make graven images/idols.
    2. The call of Abraham
      • Abraham was called at the age of 75 yrs
      • God told Abraham to leave his father’s land and go to the land that God was going to show him.
      • Abraham accepted
      • Abraham went home and took his wife Sarai and his Nephew Lot and set on a journey.
      • God appeared to Abraham and gave him promises i.e. make Abraham great/ bless him/ give him many descendants.
      • Abraham built an alter at Schechem/ Bethel and worshiped God.
      • He arrived at Canaan and later left for Egypt due to famine.
    3.  Importance of circumcision to Abraham and his descendants (6mks)
      • God established personal relationship with Abraham.
      • Was a sign of faith in God.
      • God initiated a plan of salvation for mankind
      • Abraham and his descendants were assured of God’s protection.
      • God established a personal relationship with his descendants/human beings.
      • It showed God’s commitment to the fulfillment of God’s promises to Abraham.
      • It showed that God was in control of Abraham’s life.
      • It showed God’s readiness to die in the person of his son Jesus to fulfill the covenant.
      • Descendants of Abraham were promised the land of Canaan.
    1. How King Jeroboam contributed to religious schism between Judah and Israel. (6mks)
      • He made two golden calves and placed one at Bethel and the other at Dan.
      • He ignored Jerusalem as a centre of worship.
      • Made the Israelites to offer sacrifices to the golden calves.
      • He chose priest from ordinary families
      • He offered sacrifices to the golden calves
      • He instituted religious festivals in the months of his choice.
      • He worshiped idols.
    2. Failures of King Saul (6mks)
      • He was impatient and offered sacrifice instead of waiting for Samuel.
      • He disobeyed God’s command of destroying everything during the war with the Amalekites/he spared King Agag and fatty animals.
      • He lost faith in God/He consulted the Midium.
      • He committed suicide.
      • He wanted to kill King David.
      • He was filled with evil spirits.
      • He disobeyed God’s prophets.
    3. Lessons Christians learn from the failures of King Soul. (8mks)
      • Should be patient/wait upon God.
      • Avoid evil deeds/thoughts in their lives.
      • Obey God/His teachings/ Authority.
      • Should have faith in God/Trust.
      • Respect people anointed by God/church leaders.
      • Should not be greedy/ selfish.
      • Should be responsible/ true to their duties.
      • Should repent/ ask for forgiveness.
      • Should be honest in their dealings.
    1. Differences between traditional African prophets and O.T prophets. (8mks)
      • T.A prophets inherited their roles while O.T prophets were called by God.
      • T.A prophets were concerned with their own communities while O.T prophets delivered messages to their own people and those outside their locality.
      • T.A prophesies wer passed orally while O.T prophesies were recorded.
      • T.A prophets did not have the concept of the messiah while O.T prophets spoke of the coming Messiah.
      • T.A prophets were respected by their communities while O.T prophets faced rejection and opposition from their communities.
      • T.A prophets worshiped many gods while O.T prophets worshiped only one God.     (Any first 4 x 2)
    2. Social injustices condemned by prophet Amos.
      • Violence and robbery
      • Oppression of the poor by rich/sold the poor ito slavery.
      • Bribery and corruption
      • Sexual immorality
      • Drunkerdness
      • Greed/Excessive luxury
      • Cheating in business/ false scales/overcharging/ selling worthless goods.
      • Murder of the innocent            (Any 6 x1 =6mks)
    3. God’s punishment for Israel)
      • Exile
      • Attack by the sword e.g. Amaziah
      • Land would be conquered by foreign nation.
      • Destruction of holy places of worship.
      • Earthquakes
      • Fire
      • Darkness     (Any 6x1=6mks)
    1. Political background to Nehemiah (5mks)
      • The Kingdom of Judah had been taken over by Babylon.
      • The Babylonians had destroyed the walls of the city of Jerusalem.
      • The King and royal court officials were exited to Babylon.
      • The Persian Kings ruled their subjects through governors.
      • The conquered people were to pay tributes to Persia.
      • Through decrees Cyrus authorized the Jews to rebuild the temple of Jerusalem.
      • The Persian King Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to Judah in 3 stages.
      • Nehemiah led the 3rd group of Jews back to Judah.
    2. Problems faced by Nehemiah. (7mks)
      • The officials of Tekoa did not cooperated with him/opposition from the Jewish nobles.
      • He was ridiculed by Sanballat and Tobiah.
      • He received threats of violence from the enemies.
      • A trap was laid to derail his mission of rebuilding the wall.
      • There was a plot to kill him/Insecurity from from the enemies.
      • False prophets tried to discourage him.
      • False accusation by his enemies.
      • The people were heavily taxed in order to finance the rebuilding of the wall.
    3. Qualities of a good leader from Nehemiah. (8mks)
      • Wisdom
      • Decision making
      • Prayerful
      • Courageous/ bravery
      • Trusthworthy
      • Honesty
      • Patience
      • Inspirational leaders
      • Patriotic
      • Good planner
      • Hardworking/ Team work.
    1. Rituals performed after the death of a person in T.A.C (6mks)
      • Making sacrifices
      • Shaving of the members
      • Washing of the body before burial
      • Burying of the dead
      • Feasting and drinking
      • Breaking of pots/destruction of property.
      • Sharing of diseased property
      • Lightening of fire
      • Pouring of libation
      • Wailing as a sign of sorrow
      • Singing and dancing
      • Prayers to the ancestors to accept the dead.
    2. Moral values promoted during funeral. (7mks)
      • Ceremonies in the traditional African communities.
      • Cooperation/ unity
      • Responsibility
      • Respect
      • Obedience
      • Loyalty
      • Courage/ Bravery
      • Love/ caring
      • Thankfulness/gratitude
      • Self – control
      • Generosity/ sharing
    3. Places of worship in T.A.C (7mks)
      • Under trees/ Forests
      • In caves
      • At river banks/ sea shores/lake shores
      • Near rocks
      • On mountains/ hill tops
      • At water falls
      • In shrines
      • In homes
      • Grave sites.         (Any first 7x1=7mks)
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