Mathematics Paper 2 Kenya High Post Mock Exams 2020 - Questions and Answers

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Instructions to Candidates

  • The paper contains TWO sections: Section I and II
  • Answer ALL questions in section I and STRICTLY ANY FIVE questions from section II.
  • All working and answers must be written on the question paper in the spaces provided below each question.
  • Show all the steps in your calculations, giving your answers at each stage in the spaces below each question.
  • Marks may be awarded for correct working even if the answer is wrong.
  • Non-programmable silent electronic calculators and KNEC Mathematical tables may be used except where stated otherwise.

SECTION I(50 Marks):
Answer ALL questions in the section in the space provided.

  1. Use logarithm tables correct to 4 significant figures to evaluate. (3 Marks)
     ∛(0.07214 x 2.037)
                69.8
  2. Find the equation of the perpendicular bisector of line PQ where the co-ordinates of P and Q are P (-2, 8) and Q (4, 7). (3 Marks)
  3. The surface areas of two spheres are 36cm2 and 49cm2. If the volume of the smaller sphere is 20.2cm3, calculate the volume of the larger one. (2 Marks)
  4. The marked price of a shirt is Sh. 800. A customer buys the shirt after being given a discount of 13%. The seller then realizes that he made a profit of 20% on this sale. Find how much the seller had bought the shirt. (2 Marks)
  5. In the grid provided below, show the region R that is satisfied by the three inequalities given below.
    Y≤6 – x
    y<x + 4
    y≥2             (4 Marks)
  6. The radius of a cone increases in the ratio 4:3 while it’s height decreases in the ratio 3:4. Determine the percentage change in the volume of the cone. (3 Marks)
  7. Solve for x in the equation (3 Marks )
    Log (5x + 75) – 2 Log 3 = Log (2x – 9)
  8. Given that a = 3i – 2j + 3k and b = 2i - 4j – 3k where i, j and k are unit vectors, find |2a + 3b| (3 Marks)
  9. Make x the subject of the formula in
    KH naths PP2 Q9 PM 2020
    Hence find the value of x when a = 2 and b = 6. (4 Marks)
  10. In the figure below, BT is a tangent to the circle at B. AXCT and BXD are straight lines. AX = 6cm, CT = 8cm, BX = 4.8cm and XD = 5cm. (Figure not drawn to scale)
    KH maths PP2 Q10 PM 2020
    Find the length of
    1. XC (2 Marks)
    2. BT (2 Marks)
  11. Simplify    3   +  leaving your answer in the form a + b√c, where a, b and c are rational numbers.
                √5-2     √5 
    (3 Marks)                                                                                                               
  12. A quantity y varies partly as another quantity x and partly as the square of x. When x = 20, y = 45 and when x = 24, y = 60.
    1. Express y in terms of x (3 Marks)
    2. Find x when y = 75 (1 Mark)
  13. Expand (a-x)6 upto the term in(x)3. Use your expansion to estimate the value of (2.99)to 3 decimal places. (4 Marks)
  14. A pipe 3.0m long was cut into three pieces. The first piece and the second one were measured as 1.3m and 0.94m respectively. Find the limits within which the length of the third piece lies. (3 Marks)
  15. A coffee blender has two brands of coffee, Tamu and Chungu. A kilogram of Tamu costs Sh. 70 while a kilogram of Chungu costs Shs. 64. In what ratio should he mix the two brands to make a blend which costs Shs. 68 per kilogram? (2 Marks)
  16. Find the centre and radius of a circle whose equation is x2+ y2+ 8x + y2 – 2y – 1 = 0 (3 Marks)

SECTION II (50 Marks):
Answer ANY FIVE questions in this section in the spaces provided.

  1. In a Science class 2/3 of the class are boys and the rest are girls. 80% of the boys and 90% of the girls are right handed. The probability that the right handed student will break a test tube in any session is 1/10 and that for the left handed student is 3/10,regardless of whether boy or girl.
    1. Draw a tree diagram to represent this information. (2 Marks)
    2. Using the tree diagram drawn, find the probability that:
      1. A student chosen at random from the class is left handed (2 Marks)
      2. A test tube is broken by a left handed student. (2 Marks)
      3. A test tube is broken by a right handed student. (2 Marks)
      4. A test tube is not broken in any session (3 Marks)
  2. Matrix P is given by KH maths PP2 Q18 PM 2020
    1. Find P-1 (2 Marks)
    2. Two institutions, Katulani High School and Nthia High School purchased beans at Sh. b per bag and maize at Sh. m per bag. Katulani purchased 8 bags of beans and 14 bags of maize for KSh. 47,600. Nthia purchased 10 bags of beans and 16 bags of maize for KSh. 57,400.
      1. Form a matrix equation to represent the information above. (2 Marks)
      2. Use matrix P-1 to find the prices of one bag of each item. (3 Marks)
    3. The price of beans later went up by 5% and that of maize remained constant. Katulani bought the same quality of beans but spent the same total of money as before on the two items. State the new ratio of beans to maize. (3 Marks)
  3. James’ earning are as follows:-
    Basic salary Sh. 38,000 p.m
    House allowance Sh. 14,000 p.m
    Travelling allowance Sh. 8,500 p.m
    Medical allowance Sh. 3,300
    The table for the taxable income is as shown below.
     Income tax in K£ p.a   Tax in Sh. per pound 

     1-600
     6001-12000
     12001-18000
     18001-24000
     24001-30000
     30001-36000
     36001-42000
     42001-48000
     Over 48000

             2
             3
             4
             5
             6
             7
             8
             9
             10


    1. Calculate James’ taxable income in K£ p.a. (2 Marks)
    2. Calculate James’s P.A.YE if he is entitled to a tax relief of Sh. 18000 p.a. (4 Marks)
    3. James is also deducted the following per month:-
      NHIF                           Sh. 320
      Pension scheme           Sh. 1000
      Co-operative shares     Sh. 2000
      Loan repayment           Sh. 5000
      Interest on loan           Sh. 500
      1. Calculate James’ total deduction per month in KSh. (2 Marks)
      2. Calculate his net salary per month (2 Marks)
  4. Three consecutive terms of a geometric progression are 3(2x+1), 9x and 81 respectively.
    1. Calculate the value of x      (3 Marks)
    2. Find the common ratio of the series.           (1 Mark)
    3. Calculate the sum of the first 4 terms of this series.               (3 Marks)
    4. Given that the fifth and the seventh terms of the G.P form the first two consecutive terms of an arithmetic sequence, calculate the sum of the first 20 terms of the sequence. (3 Marks)
  5. A tank has two inlet taps P and Q and an outlet tap R. When empty, the tank can be filled by tap P alone in 4½ hour or by tap Q alone in 3 hours. When full, the tap can be emptied in 2 hours by tap R.
    1. The tank is initially empty. Find how long it would take to fill up the tank
      1. If tap R is closed and taps P and Q are opened at the same time. (2 Marks)
      2. If all the three taps are opened at the same time. (2 Marks)
    2. The tank is initially empty and the three taps are opened as follows:-
      P at 8.00 a.m.
      Q at 8.45 a.m
      R at 9.00 a.m
      1. Find the fraction of the tank that would be filled by 9.00 a.m (3 Marks)
      2. Find the time the tank would be fully filled up (3 Marks)
  6. In the figure below M and N are points on OQ and QP such that OM:MQ = 2:3 and QN : NP = 2:1. ON and PM intersect at X.
    KH maths PP2 Q22 PM 2020
    1. Given that OP = p and OQ = q. Express in terms of p and q
      1. ON (2 Marks)
      2. PM (2 Marks)
    2. Given that OX = hON and PX = kPM where h and k are scalars,
      1. Determine the values of h and k. (5 Marks)
      2. Determine ratio in which X divides PM. (1 Mark)
  7. The figure below shows a circle centre O, PQRS is a cyclic quadrilateral and QOS is a straight line.
    KH naths PP2 Q23 PM 2020
    Giving reasons for your answers, find the size of
    1. Angle PRS (2 Marks)
    2. Angle POQ (2 Marks)
    3. Angle QSR (3 Marks)
    4. Reflex angle POS (3 Marks)
  8.  
    1. Complete the table below for y = x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5 (2 Marks)
       x   −5   −4   −3   −2   −1    0   1   2 
       y = x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5       19       –5     
    2. On the grid provided, draw the graph of y = x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5 for –5 ≤ x ≤ 2 (3 Marks)
    3.  
      1. Use the graph to solve the equation x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5 = 0 (2 Marks)
      2. By drawing a suitable straight line on the graph, solve the equation (3 Marks)
        x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5 = – 4x – 1


MARKING SCHEME

  1. No.              Log
    0.7214         2.8582
    20.37           0.3090
                       1.1672 x 1/3
    69.8             1.7224
    1.8439
                       3.8785
                       7.560 x 10-3
  2. Co-ordinates of mid-point M:
    OM = ½(OP + OQ)
    =½(-2 8 + (4 7 )) = 1/2 (2, 1.5 ) = (1,7.5 )
    Hence M (1,7.5)
    Gradient of PQ =  7−8  =1
                             4−−2     6
    Equation of bisector of PQ at
    y−7.5 = 6
      x−1
    y−7.5 = 6x− 6
    y = 6x + 3/2
  3. A.S.F = 36/49, L.S.F = 6/9 = 2/3
    V.S.F =  23 = 8/27
                33
    8/27 = 20.2/V 
    v = 68.175cm3
  4. 87/100 x 800 = 696 (selling point)
    B.P x 120/100 = 696, B.P = KSh. 580 
  5.  
    KH maths PP2 Ans 5 PM 2020
    For ✔ y < x + 4 plotting & shading
    For ✔ Plotting & shading y ≤ 6 – x
    For ✔ plotting y ≥ 2
    For ✔ identification of R

  6. KH maths PP2 Ans 6 PM 2020
    = 1/3x 100 = 331/3% increase
  7. Log (5x + 75) – Log (2x – 9) = Log32
    Log (5x+75)  = Log32
           (2x+9)
    5x+75 = 9
     2x+9
    5x + 75 = 9(2x – 9)
    156 = 13x
    x = 12
  8. 2a = 2(3i – 2j + 3k
        = 6i – 4j + 6k
    3b = 3(2i – 4j – 3k)
         = 6i – 12i – 9k
    2a – 3b = 8j + 15k
    |2a – 3b| = √(64+225)
          = 17
  9. A3 = bx 
           b+x
    A3b + A3x = bx
    x(b – A3) = A3b
    x = A3b
           b-A3
    Substituting for A = 2 and b = 6,
    23 x 6 = 48 
     6−23     −2
    = −24 
  10.  
    1. 6(XC) = 5 x 4.8
      XC = 5 x 4.8 = 4cm
                   6
    2. 8 x (8 + 4 + 6) = BT2
      BT = √144 = 12cm M1
  11. Adding:  3√5+√5−2  = 2√5−2
                  √5 (√52)     5−2√5
    Multiply by conjugate:-
    2√5−2 ∙  5+2√5
     5−2√5    5+2√5
    = 10√5+20−10−4√5
               25−20
    = 6√5/5 +10
        2 + 6/5√5
  12.  
    1. y = kx + cx2
      45 = 20k + 400c
      60 = 24k + 576c
      270 = 120k + 2400c
      300 = 120k + 2880c
      c = 30/480 = 1/16
      45 = 20k + 400/16, k = 1
      hence
      y = x + 1/16x2
    2. 75 = x + x2
                   16
      x2 + 16x – 1200 = 0
      x = –16√(256+4x1200)
                    2 x 1
      x = −43.56 or 27.56
  13. (a−x)6 = a6 + 6a5(−x)1 + 15a4(−x)2 + 20a3−x)3
    a6 – 6a5x + 15a4x2 – 20a3x3
    (a – x)6 = 2.996 = (3-0.01)6
    a = 3, x = 0.01
    hence
    36 – 6 x 35x (0.01) + 15 x 34 (0.01)2 – 20 x 33 x (0.01)3
    729 – 14.58 + 0.1215 – 0.00054
    = 714.54096
    = 714.541
  14. Third piece
    Max length: 3.05 – (1.25 + 0.935)
    = 0.865m
    Min length: 2.95 (1.35 + 0.945)
    = 0.655m
    Hence
    0.655 to 0.865m B1
  15. 1kg of Tamu mixed with x kg of Chungu
    (70 x 1) + (64 x x) = 68 x (1 + x)
    70 + 64x = 68 + 68x
    x = ½
    Tamu: Chungu = 1: x = 1:½
  16. x2 + 8x + (8/1)2 + y2 −2y + ((−2/2)2
    = 1 + (8/2)2 + (−2/2)
    (x + 4)2 + (y – 1)2 = 18
    Centre of circle (−4, 1)
    Radius of circle = √18
    or 4.243
  17.  

    1. KH math PP2 Ans 17a PM 2020
    2.  
      1. = 2/3 x 2/10 + 1/3 x 1/10
        = 4/30 + 1/30 = 5/30 = 1/6
      2. 2/3 x 2/10 x 3/10 + 1/3 x 3/10 ×1/10
        = 12  3 
           300   300
        = 15 
           300
        = 1/20
      3. 2/3 x 8/10 x 1/10 + 1/3 x 9/10 ×1/10
        = 16  9  
           300   300
        = 25 
           300
        =1/12
      4. 2/3 x 8/10 x 9/10 + 2/3 x 2/10 x 7/10 +1/3 x 9/10 ×9/10 +1/3 x 1/10 ×7/10 
        =144 + 28  + 81 + 7  
          300    300   300  300
        = 260
           300
        =13/15
  18.  
    1. Det = 32 – 35
      = – 3
      P–1 = –1/3 (8 –7 –5 4 )
    2.  
      1. 8b + 14m = 47600
        10b + 16m = 57400
        (8 14 10 16 )(b m,) = (47600 57400 )
        or
        (4 7 5 8 )(b m ) = (23800 28700 )
      2. (b m ) = ((–8/2 7/3 5/3 –4/3 )(23800 28700 )
        (b m ) = (–8/3 x 23800+28700x 7/3 5/3 x23800+–4/3 x 28700 )
        (b m ) = (3500 1400 )
        Bag of beans cost Sh. 3500
        Bag of maize cost Sh. 1400
    3. 115/100 x 3500 = 4025
      8 x 4025 = 32400
      47600 – 32400 = 15400
      ∴1400m = 15400
      m = 11 bags
      Ratio 8:11 
  19.  
    1. = 38000 + 14000 + 8500 + 3300
      = 62800
      62800 x 12
            20
      =K£ 37680 p.a.
    2. 1st K£ 600 = 6000 x 2 = 12000
      Next £6000 = 6000 x 3 = 18000
      Next £6000 = 6000 x4 = 24000
      Next £6000 = 6000 x 5 = 30000
      Next £6000 = 6000 x 6 = 36000
      Next £6000 = 6000 x 7 = 42000
      Rem. £ 1680 = 1680 x 8 = 13440
      Tax due p.a. = Sh. 175440
      Less relief Sh. 18000
      Tax paid = Sh. 157440
    3.  
      1. Tax paid per month = 157440
                                            12
        = 13,120
        Total deductions
        = 13120 + 320 + 1000 + 2000 + 500
        = 23940
      2. Net salary =  62800
                         − 23900
                            38,900
  20.  
    1.       9x  = 81
      3(2x+1)       9x
              32x  34
      3(2x+1)        32x
      3−1 = 34−2x
       −1 = 4 − 2x
      2x=5
      x = 2.5
    2. Common ratio = KH maths PP2 ans 20b
       81
        35
      = 81 
         243
      = 1/3
    3. a = 32(2.5)+1
         = 36
         = 729
      KH maths PP2 ans 20c PM 2020
      = 729 x 80/81 x 3/2
      = 1080
    4. 5th term = 729 × (1/3)4
                    =9
      7th term  = 729 × (1/3)6
                     =1
      a=9 d=1 − 9 = −8
      S20 =  20/2 (2×9 ÷(20−1))−8
            =10(18−152) =−1340

  21.  
    1.  
      1. Fraction filled in 1 hr by PtQ
        = 2/9 + 1/3 = 5/9
        Time taken to fill tank = 9/5 = 14/5 hrs
      2. Fraction filled in 1 hr by P, Q & r
        = 5/9 − ½ = 1/18
        Time taken to fill = 18/1 = 18 hours
    2.  
      1. Fraction filled by 9.00 a.m
        P =2/9 x 1 hr = 2/9
        Q = 1/3 x 1/4hrs = 1/12
        Both P and Q = 2/9 + 1/12
        = 11/36
      2. Fraction to be filled = 25/36
        Time taken = 25/36 x 18
        = 12½ hrs
        Time for tank to fill up
        = 0900
           1230
           2130 hrs  or 9.30 p.m
  22.  
    1.  
      1. ON = OP + PN
         = P + 1/3PQ
         = p + 1/3q1/3p
         = 2/3p + 1/3q
      2. PM = PO + OM
              =−p + 2/3q
    2.  
      1. OX = hON
        = h(2/3 p+1/3 q)
        = 2/3hp + 1/3hq
        OX = OP + PX
        = P + kPM
        = P + k (−p + 2/3 q)
        = p – kP + 2/5q
        = (1 – k)p + 2/5kq
        2/3hp + 1/3hq = (1 – k)p + 2/5kq
        2/3 h = 1 – k………. (i)
        1/3h = 2/5k …………...(ii)
        From (ii) h = 6/5k
        Subt in (i)
        2/3 x 6/5k = 1 – k
        k = 5/9
        h = 1/3
      2. PX : XM = 5/9 : 4/9
        = 5 : 4
  23.  
    1. ∠QRS = 90° (Subst. by the remainder)
      ∠ PRS = 90 – 70 = 20°
    2. ∠POQ = 2 x 70° = 140°
      ∠at centre is twice ∠ at circumference
    3. ∠RQP = 180-70 = 55°( Base angles of a ∆)
                      2
      ∠RQP and ∠PSE are supplementary (cyclic quadrilateral)
      ∴∠PSR = 180 – 55 = 125°
      ∠ QSR = 125 – 70
      = 55°
    4. ∠PSQ = ∠PRQ = 70°(Subst. by same arc)
      ∠QSP = ∠SPO = 70°(base angles of isoscles ∆)
      Reflex ∠POS = 360 – 40
      = 320°
  24.  

    1.  x   −5   −4   −3   −2   −1    0   1   2 
       y = x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5  −4  15   19   13   3  –5   −5   9
       

    2. Kh PM 2020 PP2 math 24b
    3.  
      1. x = -4.85
        x = -0.7
        x = 1.5
      2. x3 + 4x2 – 5x – 5 = –4x – 1
        x3 + 4x2 – x – 4 = 0
        y = x3 – 4x2 – 5x = 5
        0 = x3 – 4x2 – x – 4
        y = –4x – 1
         x   0   1 
         y  –1   –5 
        x = –4
        x = 1

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