History P2 Questions and Answers - Momaliche 4 cycle Post Mock Exams 2021/2022

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QUESTIONS

SECTION A - 25 MARKS
Answer all the questions from this section

  1. State TWO advantages of written materials as a source of History and Government.(2mks)
  2. State ONE theory that explain the origin of early people. (1mk)
  3. Identify TWO aspects of the culture of the early man that had their origins in the Late Stone Age. (2mks)
  4. State TWO advantages of barter as a method of exchange in the Trans-Saharan trade (2mks)
  5. Identify the MAIN commodity from Africa in the Trans-Atlantic trade. (1mk)
  6. Identify ONE way in which in which the invention of the wheel promoted early transport . (1mk)
  7. State TWO advantages of the telephone as a means of communication (2mks)
  8. Give the MAIN reason why the trade union movements were formed in European during the nineteenth century. (1mk)
  9. Give ONE importance of the Odwira Festival in the ancient kingdom of Ashanti. (1mk)
  10. Name TWO symbols of unity in the Buganda Kingdom during the pre-colonial period.(2mks)
  11. Give TWO functions of chiefs in Zimbabwe during the colonial period. (2mks)
  12. Define assimilation as a policy that was used by the French to administer their colonies in Africa. (1mk)
  13. Identify ONE role that the Convention Peoples’ Party (CPP) played in the struggle for independence (1mk)
  14. Name TWO political parties that fought for independence in South Africa. (2mks)
  15. Give the main reason for the failure of the League of Nations. (1mk)
  16. Name ONE agency of the United Nations organization (UNO) which deals with the problem of health. (2mks)
  17. State one advantages of being a member of the Commonwealth organization. (1mks)

SECTION B (45 MKS)
Answer any three questions from this section

  1.                              
    1. Give THREE factors which influence early man to begin domesticating animals.(3mks)
    2. Explain six advantages of land tenure system in Britain. (12mks)
  2.                    
    1. Identify THREE scientific inventions of the twentieth century which have led to a reduction in death rates. (3mks)
    2. Explain SIX effects of scientific inventions on agricultural development in Europe during the 19th Century. (12mks)
  3.                                    
    1. State three factors which influence the growth of Athens. (3mks)
    2. Explain six consequences of urbanization on European communities during the 19th Century. (12mks)
  4.                        
    1. Give three reasons why Samori Toure resisted French colonization in West Africa. (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors which enabled Samori Toure to resist French colonization for a long period in West Africa between 1882 and 1898. (12mks) 

SECTION C : 30 MKS
Answer any two questions from this section

  1.                                
    1. Outline FIVE reasons why the Economic Community of west Africa states was formed . (5mks)
    2. Discuss five factors that undermined the activities of the Organization of African unity (OAU) (10mks)
  2.                      
    1. Give five reasons why there were civil wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) soon after independence. (5mks)
    2. Explain five economic challenges which Tanzania has faced since independence. (10mks)
  3.            
    1. State five functions of the President of the United States of America (USA) (5mks)
    2. Explain how the system of government of the United States of America (USA) works. (10mks)

MARKING SCHEME

  1. State TWO advantages of written materials as a source of History and Government. (2mks)
    1. Written materials ensure relatively permanent storage of historical events for future reference.
    2. Written material can easily translated to different languages
    3. Written materials cannot be easily distorted/changed/interfered with.
    4. They provide relatively accurate historical events
  2. State ONE theory that explain the origin of early people. (1mk)
    1. The evolution theory/Darwin’s theory/Scientific theory.
    2. The creation theory /Biblical theory/Koranic theory.
    3. Mythical or traditional theory/Oral tradition.
  3. Identify TWO aspects of the culture of the early man that had their origins in the Late Stone Age. (2mks)
    1. Growing crops.
    2. Establishing permanent settlements.
    3. Making microlithic composite tools e.g scrappers, plates, lunates, harpoons.
    4. Domesticating animals.
    5. Beginning of religion.
    6. Beginning of government.
    7. Pottery/basketry.
  4. State TWO ad vantages of barter as a method of exchange in the Trans-Saharan trade . (2mks)
    1. It facilitated trade between communities
    2. it enable people to acquire the communities that they needed.
    3. It enabled people to determine the value of their commodities.
  5. Identify the MAIN commodity from Africa in the Trans-Atlantic trade. (1mk)
    1. Slaves.
  6. Identify ONE way in which in which the invention of the wheel promoted early transport . (1mk)
    1.  It facilitated transport over long distances.
    2. It eased transportation of heavy loads.
    3. It facilitated speedy transportation
  7. State TWO advantages of the telephone as a means of communication. (2mks)
    1.  the massage is spoken/personal contact/feedback.
    2. The message is direct/can’t be distorted.
    3. It is fast.
    4. It is efficient.
  8. Give the MAIN reason why the trade union movements were formed in European during the nineteenth century.
    1. To fight for the welfare of workers/to enable workers to collectively negotiate for better terms of service with the employers.
  9. Give ONE importance of the Odwira Festival in the ancient kingdom of Ashanti. . (1mk)
    1. Promoted unity of the people/solidarity.
    2. It brought the kings together to pledge loyalty to the Asantehene or Emperor.
    3. It provides opportunity for the kings to settle disputes.
    4. It provides an opportunity for the kings to honour the dead.
  10. Name TWO symbols of unity in the Buganda Kingdom during the pre-colonial period. (2mks)
    1. The Kabaka/King
    2. Religion
  11. Give TWO functions of chiefs in Zimbabwe during the colonial period. (2mks)
    1. They collected taxes on behalf of the colonizers
    2. They solved minor disputes among Africa
    3. They recruited labour for the Europeans.
    4. They interpreted government policy to the people.
  12. Define assimilation as a policy that was used by the French to administer their colonies in Africa.
    1. A French policy/system of colonial administration, based on the assumption that French subjects could be made similar to the French with regard to culture/civilization.
  13. Identify ONE role that the Convention Peoples’ Party (CPP) played in the struggle for independence
    1. It demanded that voting right s be extended to all people.
    2. It mobilized the people to oppose colonial rule/sensitized Africa about their rights.
    3. It advocated for a unitary government.
  14. Name TWO political parties that fought for independence in South Africa. . (2mks)
    1. Africa National Congress (ANC).
    2. Pan-Africa Congress (PAC).
    3. United Democratic Front (UDF).
    4. The national Front (NF).
    5. South Africa Communist Party (SACP).
    6. Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).
  15. Given the main reason for the failure of the League of Nations. (1mk)
    1. The rearmament of Germany.
  16. Name ONE agency of the United Nations organization (UNO) which deals with the problem of health. (2mks)
    1. World Health Organization (WHO).
    2. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF).
  17. State TWO advantages of being a member of the Commonwealth organization. . (2mks)
    1. Enables a country to get financial aid
    2. Enables a country to develop trade links.
    3. Enables the country to get technical support/educational training.
    4. Provides social/material exchange of ideas among members.
  18.                        
    1. Give THREE factors which influence early man to begin domesticating animals. (3mks)
      1. Change in climatic conditions resulted in aridity which forced animals to migrate.
      2. Over hunting by early man led to the reduction of animal population.
      3. Increase in human population forced the animal to migrate further away.
      4. Adoption of settled life necessitated the dog/hunting.
      5. Man found some animals friendly e.g. Dog, cat.
      6. Economic value of some animals e.g. cow, sheep.
      7. Religion purpose/used in offering sacrifice
    2. Explain four advantages of land tenure system in Britain.
      1. It led to the development of large scale farming.
      2. Led to increased food production
      3. Increase food production led to increase population
      4. It facilitated the mechanization of agriculture e.g the use of seed drill, mechanical thresher and combine harvester.
      5. Increased food production led to the establishment of industries which provided employment opportunities to the displaced poor.
      6. It enhanced the control of the spread of pests and diseases and led to the production of high quality produce
      7. Improved transport system to transport agricultural produce to the market.
      8. Invention of new methods of maintaining soil fertility e.g use of manure, crop rotation and use of fertilizers
      9. Mechanization of local and international trade.
  19.                            
    1. Identify THREE scientific inventions of the twentieth century which have led to a reduction in death rates.
      1. The grouping of blood into various groups by Landsteiner in 1960 facilitated blood transfusion.
      2. Penicillin, an antibiotic by Dr. Alex Fleming in 1928 prolongs lives of by treating infections.
      3. The polio vaccine in 1954 by Jonas Edwards and other vaccines except small pox.
      4. Transplant surgery by Christian Barnard, a South African surgeon in 1967 succeeded in prolonging lives of heart patients/liver, kidney etc.
      5. Kidney dialysis machine in 1943 has prolonged lives of kidney patients/life supporting machine.
      6. Heart valve in 1961 has prolonged lives through replacement of defective valves.
      7. Use of Retroviral drugs to prolong aids sufferers lives.
    2. Explain SIX effects of scientific inventions on agricultural development in Europe during the 19th Century.
      1. Invention of machines such as tractors promoted scale farming.
      2. Use of artificial fertilizers to improve soils led to high yields of crops.
      3. Use of pesticides in farming led to improved quality
      4. Cross breeding of crops and animals led to improve quality/exotic products.
      5. improved infrastructure such as roads and railways led to effective marketing of farm products.
      6. . Refrigeration/canning/pasteurization led to effective preservation of farm products.
      7. Controlling temperatures in storage rooms led to preservation of farm products for long .
  20.                          
    1. State three factors which influence the growth of Athens. (3mks)
      1. It was surrounded by mountains and sea making it secure.
      2. It was a centre of learning/art which attracted people.
      3. It was a religious centre
      4. It was a trading centre
      5. There were valleys with fertile soils for food production.
      6. It had good port facilities.
        Any 3x1= 3mks
    2. Describe six consequences of urbanization on European communities during the 19th Century. (12mks)
      1. Migration of people to urban centres led to overcrowding.
      2. Inadequate housing due to high concentration of people in urban centres.
      3. Poor sewerage and sanitation facilities exposed people to diseases e.g typhoid and cholera.
      4. Concentration of industries led to environmental pollution which resulted in malnutrition.
      5. Concentration of people led to shortage of food which resulted in malnutrition.
      6. Frustrations and suffering urban life led to anti-social behaviour e.g drug abuse, alcoholism and prostitution.
      7. Poor working conditions e.g child labour, long working hours and lack of workman’s compensation dehumanized urban dwellers.
      8. High concentration of people in urban centres strained the social amenities e.g schools and hospitals.
      9. Led to social interaction between different classes of people.
      10. Shortage of housing led to the development of slums.
      11. Excessive rural -urban migration led to unemployment.
      12. Overcrowding in towns led to inadequate recreational facilities.
        Any 6 well explained points x 2 = 12 mks
  21.                        
    1. Give three reasons why Samori Toure resisted French colonization in West Africa. (3mks)
      1. he wanted the Madninka to retain their independence/ he was fighting a holy war.
      2. He wanted to safeguard Islam from Christian influence /he was figting a holy war.
      3. He wanted to preserve the Mandinka culture.
      4. He wanted to protect the mandinka land from European occupation.
      5. He wanted to protect Mandinka economic resources /gold mines .
      6. He wanted to retain his authority.
        Any 5x1= 5mks.
    2. Explain six factors which enabled Samori Toure to resist for a long period French colonization in West Africa between 1882 and 1898.
      1. He had a large well organized army which was a formidable force for the French .
      2. He equipped his army with modern weapons which were acquired from Europeans and also manufactured some locally.
      3. He used Mandinka nationalism and Islam to unify the soldiers/army/he convinced his people that they were fighting a jihad/European infidels.
      4. He had adequate food supply which sustained the army
  22.                        
    1. Outline FIVE reasons why the Economic Community of west Africa states was formed . (5mks)
      1. To promote economic co-operation among West African states e.g in transport and agriculture .
      2. To promote unity and solidarity among member states.
      3. To promote free movement of people among member states.
      4. To create a customs union in the region.
      5. To promote industrial development among member states.
      6. To promote cultural interaction among member states.
      7. To promote peace in the region.
      8. To promote economic independence for member states .
      9. To establish a fund to finance viable economic projects.
        Any 5x1=5mks
    2. Discuss five factors that undermined the activities of the Organization of African unity (OAU) (10mks)
      1. Existence of national interests among member states which override continental commitment.
      2. Personal differences among leaders have made it difficult for some of them to come together.
      3. Lack of funds to facilitate implementation of OAU activities as some of the member states do not remit their subscription regularly.
      4. Lack of army force to enforce decisions of the organization especially on urgent and critical issues.
      5. Interference by foreign powers/governments in some of the activities undertaken by the organization.
      6. Divided loyalty-membership for other international organizations by some member states e.g the commonwealth.
      7. Political instability and the resulting refugee problem makes it difficult for the organization to operate effectively.
      8. Attachment to former colonial masters by some member states. For instance former French colonies look up to France for assistance.
      9. Existence of basic problems within member states which require immediate attention e.g famine, drought and diseases.
      10. Different political ideologies among members states.
      11. Disputes among member states e.g border disputes.
      12. Lack of executive authority to enforce decisions /weak secretariat .
        Any 5 well explained points 2= 10mks
  23.                      
    1. Give five reasons why there were civil wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) soon after independence. (5mks)
      1. Lack of qualified personnel to administer the country /poor governance .
      2. The economy of the country was in the hands of foreigners/Belgians.
      3. Hostilities between clans and communities brought wars.
      4. Ethnic differences between Katanga and Kasai Provinces/attempt to secede by Katanga.
      5. Army mutinies due to the control by foreign officers.
      6. Struggle for leadership
        Any 5x1= 5mks
    2. Explain five economic challenges which Tanzania has faced since independence . (10mks)
      1. Economic hardship/lack of finances for funding development programmes.
      2. Frequent drought/famine which cause suffering to the poor and eat into the already weak economy /harsh climatic conditions.
      3. Hostile neighbours especially Uganda during the time of Idi Amin and Kenya as a result of the closure of the common border in 1977/Uganda invasion by Tanzania
      4. The collapse of east African Community/Unstable union among the countries of East Africa.
      5. General poverty of the masses and the government’s instability to so be problem
      6. Poor transport and communication network within the country.
      7. Corruption and inefficiency in the running of state co-operations which has led to low production.
      8. Inflation/devaluation of the currency.
      9. The country suffers from huge external debt.
  24.                                
    1. State five functions of the President of the United States of America (USA) (5mks)
      1. The president is the Head of state. He/she welcomes foreign dignitaries, represents teh state abroad and officiates at national ceremonies.
      2. He /She appoints Cabinet Ministers and Senior Civil Servants with the approval of the congress.
      3. He /She guides and controls foreign affairs being the chief diplomat. To this effect he keeps congress informed of international developments.
      4. He initiates bills by building coalitions and persuading legislators to support or oppose measures or by using his or her veto powers.
      5. He is the commander in-chief of the Armed forces. He can therefore declare war on the enemies of the USA.
      6. He chairs cabinet meetings
      7. He appoints Supreme Court judges including the Chief Justice.
      8. He is the national voice of the people.
        Any 5x1= 5mks
    2. Explain how the system of government of the United States of America (USA) works. (10mks)
      1. It is a federal system of government consisting of fifty states.
      2. Each state is republic with its own government
      3. Each state is headed by a Governor
      4. Each state has its own constitution guiding affairs e.g education and health
      5. The Federal Government Is headed by the President who is elected every four years but subject to a maximum of two terms.
      6. The president is assisted by the Vice=President who can take over in case the president dies.
      7. The Federal government has a bicameral legislature (Congress) made up of two houses ; the Senate and the House of representatives.
      8. Members of the congress are elected by popular votes.
      9. The congress males laws.
      10. The judiciary comprises of the Federal Courts and the Supreme court.
      11. The Supreme Court is the highest court.
      12. The Federal government controls foreign affairs , trade , defence, taxation, issuing of currency and solving disputes between states and citizens of different states.
        Any 5 well explained points x 2 = 10mks

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