MATHEMATICS
PAPER 2
Instructions to candidates
 This paper consists of TWO sections. Section A and Section B.
 Answer ALL the questions in section A and only FIVE questions from Section B.
 Show all the steps in your calculations, giving your answers at each stage in the spaces below each question.
 Marks may be given for correct working even if the answer is wrong.
 Nonprogrammable silent calculators and KNEC mathematical tables may be used except where stated otherwise.
Questions
 Make x the subject of the formula. (3mks)
 Simplify the following by rationalizing the denominator. (3mks)
8
42√3  A quantity P is partly constant and partly varies inversely as square of t. p =6 when t=6 and p=18 when t=3. Find t when p=11. (3mks)
 Solve for x in the equation; (3mks)
Log_{8}(x+6) – log_{8}(x3) = ^{2}/_{3}  In the figure below QT is a tangent to a circle at Q. PXRT and QXS are straight lines. PX =6cm, RT=8cm, Qx=4.8cm and Xs= 5cm.
Find the length of; XR (2mks)
 QT (2mks)
 Solve for x and y in the simultaneous equation below. (3mks)
xy + 6= 0
x  2y= 7  Solve for x. (3mks)
2x^{2}+x36= 0  Expand (1+2x)^{7} up to the term in x3, hence use the expansion to estimate the value of (1.02)^{7} correct to four decimal places. (3mks)
 Find the value of y for which is a singular matrix. (3mks)

 Find the inverse of the matrix . (1mk)
 Hence solve the simultaneous equation using the matrix method. (3mks)
4x+3y =6
3x+5y =5
 An item that costs sh. 24, 000 cash can be bought on hire purchase. A customer pays sh.6, 000 as deposit and then makes 6 monthly installments of sh.3, 500 each. Calculate the monthly rate of compound interest, giving your answer to 1 d.p. (3mks)
 Barasa shared sh.360, 000 among his children Simiyu, Wasike and Nekesa I the ratio 1:3:5 respectively. How much did each receive? (3mks)
 In the arithmetic series 1+4+7+10+…find the sum of the first 100 terms. (3mks)
 If ,and . find 3a2b+c. (3mks)
 Make x the subject (3mks)
 The figure below shows a triangle xyz in which x=13.4cm, z=5cm and ˂xyz= 57.70. Find length y. (3mks)
SECTION B: ANSWER 5 QUESTIONS ONLY IN THIS SECTION.

 Complete the table below for the function y=2x^{2}+3x5
x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 2x^{2} 0 3x 12 18 5 5 3 6 y  On the grid provided draw the graph of y=2x^{2}+3x5 for 4≤x≤2. (4mks)
 Use your graph to state the roots of
 2x^{2}+3x5=0 (1mk)
 2x^{2}+6x2=0 (3mks)
 Complete the table below for the function y=2x^{2}+3x5
 A trader bought 8 cows and 12 goats for a total of ksh.294, 000. If he had bought 1 more cow and 3 more goats he would have spend ksh.337, 500.
 Form two equations to represent the above information. (2mks)
 Use matrix method to determine the cost of a cow and that of a goat. (3mks)
 The trader sold the animals he had bought making a profit of 40% per cow and 45% per goat.
 Calculate the total amount of money he received. (3mks)
 Determine his profit in Kenyan shillings. (2mks)
 The bearing of towns P and Q on a horizontal ground from a tower are 050 and 142 respectively. The angle of elevation of the top of the lower from town P is 34 . Given that P is 200m from the top of the tower and Q is 120m from the base of the tower
Determine The height of the tower (3mks)
 The angle of elevation of the top of the lower from Q (3mks)
 The distance between the two towns P and Q (4mks)
 A group of young men decided to raise ksh.480, 000 to start a business. Before actual payment was made four members pulled out and each of the remaining had to pay an additional ksh.20,000 write an expression in terms of p for;

 Original contribution of each member. (1mk)
 Contribution after withdrawal of four members. (1mk)
 Form an equation in p and hence determine the number of initial members. (5mks)
 Three men Kamau, James and Hassan shared shs.480, 000 such that Kamau: James is 3:2 and James:Hassan is 4:2. Find how much each got. (3mks)

 The relationship between two variables S and T is given by the equation S=KTn where K and n are constant
 Write down the linear equation relating to S and T (1mk)
 Complete the table above for the linear equation relating to S and T(to one decimal place) (2mks)
 Draw a suitable straight line graph to represent the data (3mks)
 Use your graph to determine the value of K and n (2mks)
 Find the value of S when T =3.5 (2mks)

 The current price of a vehicle is shs 500,000. If the vehicle depreciates at a rate of 15% p.a . Find the number of years it will take for its value to fall to shs 180,000. (4mks)
 The cash price of a cooker is shs 9,000. A customer bought the cooker by paying 15 monthly installments of shs 950 each. Calculate:
 the carrying charge (3mks)
 the rate of interest (3mks)
 The table below shows the income tax rates in a certain year.
Mrs Musau earned a basic salary of ksh 18,600 per month and allowances amounting to ksh.7, 800 per month. She claimed a personal relief of ksh 1,080 per month. Calculate; Total taxable income in k£ p.a. (2mks)

 The tax payable in ksh per month without relief. (4mks)
 The tax payable in ksh per month after relief. (2mks)
 Mrs Musau’s net monthly income. (2mks)
 The probability that boys goes to school by bus is 1/3 and by matatu is 1/2. If he uses a bus the probability that he is late to school is 1/5 and if he uses a matatu the probability of being late is 3/10. If he uses other means of transport, the probability of being late is 1/20. What is the probability that
 He will be late to school
 He will not be late to school
 He will be late to school if he does not use a matatu
 He neither uses a bus nor matatu but arrives to school early.
Marking Scheme
 Make x the subject of the formula. (3mks)
 P^{2}= x + 2w
4x +3R
P^{2}(4x+3R) = x + 2w
P^{2}4x + P^{2}3R = x + 2w
4P^{2}xx = 2w  P^{2}3R
x(4P²  1) = 2w  3P²R
4P²  1 4P²  1
x = 2w  3P²R
4P²1
 P^{2}= x + 2w
 Simplify the following by rationalizing the denominator. (3mks)
8
42√3 8 (4 + 2√3)
42√3 (4 + 2√3)
8 x 2(2 + √3 )
16  12
16(2 + √3)
4
8(2 + √3)
16 + 8√3
 8 (4 + 2√3)
 A quantity P is partly constant and partly varies inversely as square of t. p =6 when t=6 and p=18 when t=3. Find t when p=11. (3mks)
 p= a + b/t2
6 = a + b/36
216 = 36a+b
216=36a+b
18=a+^{b}/_{a}
162= 9a+b
36 a+b=216
4a + b = 162
27a = 54
a=2
9a + b = 162
18 + b = 162
b= 162 18
b=144
P= 2 + 144/t2
11= 2 + 144/t2
9= 144/t2
9t² = 144
9 9
t=√^{144}/_{9}
t= 12/3
= ±4
 p= a + b/t2
 Solve for x in the equation; (3mks)
Log_{8}(x+6) – log_{8}(x3) = ^{2}/_{3} Log_{8}(x+6) – log_{8}(x3) = Log_{8}8^{²/₃}
Log_{8}(^{x+6}/_{x3}) = Log_{8 }4
x + 6 = 4
x3
x+6 = 4x12
18 = 3x
3 3
6=x
 Log_{8}(x+6) – log_{8}(x3) = Log_{8}8^{²/₃}
 In the figure below QT is a tangent to a circle at Q. PXRT and QXS are straight lines. PX =6cm, RT=8cm, Qx=4.8cm and Xs= 5cm.
Find the length of; XR (2mks)
 6x = 4.8 x 5
x= 4.8 x 5
6
x=4cm
 6x = 4.8 x 5
 QT (2mks)
 QT^{2} = PT.RT
QT^{2}= 18.8
QT^{2}=144
QT=±12
+12
 QT^{2} = PT.RT
 XR (2mks)
 Solve for x and y in the simultaneous equation below. (3mks)
xy + 6= 0
x  2y= 7 x= 7 + 2y
y(7 + 2y) + 6 =0
7y + 2y^{2} + 6 =0
2y^{2} + 7y + 6 =0
s=2
p=12
F=423
2y^{2} + 4y + 3y + 6=0
2y(y+2) +3(y+2) =0
(2y+3)(y+2)=0
2y=3 y=2
y= 3/2
x= 7+2y
x=7+2(2)
x=3
x=7+2(3/2)
x=7+3
x=4
 x= 7 + 2y
 Solve for x. (3mks)
2x^{2}+x36= 0 2x^{2}+x36=0
s=1
p= 72
F=9.8
2x^{2} + 9x  8x  36 = 0
x(2x+9)4(2x+9)=0
(x4)(2x+9)=0
x4
2x =9
x=4.5
 2x^{2}+x36=0
 Expand (1+2x)^{7} up to the term in x3, hence use the expansion to estimate the value of (1.02)^{7} correct to four decimal places. (3mks)
 (1+2x)2
1 7 21 35 35 12 16 15 14 13 (2x)° (2x) (2x)^{2} (2x)^{3}
1 + 14x + 84x^{2} + 280x^{3}
1 + 14x + 84x2 + 280x3 + ...
(1.02)2 →(1 + 0.02)^{7}
(1 + 2x)^{7}
2x=0.02
2 2
x=0.01
1 + 14(0.01) + 84(0.01)^{2} + 280(0.01)^{3}
1+ 0.14 + 0.0084 + 0.00028
1.14868
 (1+2x)2
 Find the value of y for which is a singular matrix. (3mks)
 184y=0
18=4y
4 4
45 =y
 184y=0

 Find the inverse of the matrix . (1mk)
 20  9 = 11
 20  9 = 11
 Hence solve the simultaneous equation using the matrix method. (3mks)
4x+3y =6
3x+5y =5
x ^{30}/_{11}  ^{15}/_{11} → ^{15}/_{11}
y= ^{18}/_{11} x ^{20}/_{11 }→ ^{2}/_{11}
 Find the inverse of the matrix . (1mk)
 An item that costs sh. 24, 000 cash can be bought on hire purchase. A customer pays sh.6, 000 as deposit and then makes 6 monthly installments of sh.3, 500 each. Calculate the monthly rate of compound interest, giving your answer to 1 d.p. (3mks)
 A = P(1 + ^{r}/_{100})^{n}
27000 = 24000 (1 + ^{r}/_{100})^{6}
(1 + ^{r}/_{100})^{6} = 27000/24000
n= 6 months
√(1 + ^{1}/_{100})^{6} = _{6}√1.125
≈ 1.02 to 2d.p
^{r}/_{100} = 1.02 1
^{r}/_{100} = 0.02
r= 2%
 A = P(1 + ^{r}/_{100})^{n}
 Barasa shared sh.360, 000 among his children Simiyu, Wasike and Nekesa I the ratio 1:3:5 respectively. How much did each receive? (3mks)
 1/9 x 360000 = 40000
3/9 x 360000 = 120000
5/9 x 360000= 200000
 1/9 x 360000 = 40000
 In the arithmetic series 1+4+7+10+…find the sum of the first 100 terms. (3mks)
 sn = ^{n}/_{2}(2a + (n1)d)
s_{100} = ^{100}/_{2} ( 2 + 99x3)
= 14,950
 sn = ^{n}/_{2}(2a + (n1)d)
 If ,and . find 3a2b+c. (3mks)

 Make x the subject (3mks)
 P^{3} = bx²  ax
x
P^{3} = x(bx  a)
x
P^{3} = bx  a
P^{3} + a = bx
P³ + a = x
b
 P^{3} = bx²  ax
 The figure below shows a triangle xyz in which x=13.4cm, z=5cm and ˂xyz= 57.70. Find length y. (3mks)
y^{2} = x^{2} + 2^{2}  2 x 2 Cos 57.7°
y^{2} = 134^{2} + 5^{2}  2 x 134.5 Cos 57.7°
y^{2} = 179.56 + 25  134Cos 57.7°
y^{2}= 204.56  134 x 0.5344
y^{2} = 204.56  71.6096
y^{2} = √132.9504
y= ±11.53
SECTION B: ANSWER 5 QUESTIONS ONLY IN THIS SECTION.

 Complete the table below for the function y=2x^{2}+3x5
x 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 2x^{2} 32 18 8 2 0 2 8 3x 12 9 6 3 0 3 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 y 15 4 3 6 5 0 9  On the grid provided draw the graph of y=2x^{2}+3x5 for 4≤x≤2. (4mks)
 Use your graph to state the roots of
 2x^{2}+3x5=0 (1mk)
 2x^{2}+6x2=0 (3mks)
 y=0 x=1 or x=2.5
2x2 + 6x 2 = y
2x2 + 3x 5=0
3x + 3=yx 0 1 1 y 3 6 0
x=2 or 1.9
 y=0 x=1 or x=2.5
 Complete the table below for the function y=2x^{2}+3x5
 A trader bought 8 cows and 12 goats for a total of ksh.294, 000. If he had bought 1 more cow and 3 more goats he would have spend ksh.337, 500.
 Form two equations to represent the above information. (2mks)
 8x + 12y = 294000
9x + 15y= 337500
4x + 6y = 147000
3x + 5y = 112500
 8x + 12y = 294000
 Use matrix method to determine the cost of a cow and that of a goat. (3mks)

367500+  337500
x= 30000
220500 + 225000
y= 4500

 The trader sold the animals he had bought making a profit of 40% per cow and 45% per goat.
 Calculate the total amount of money he received. (3mks)
 40/100 x 30000
Profit 12000
45/100 x 4500
= 2025
42000 x 8 + 12 x 6525
336000 + 78300
= 414300
 40/100 x 30000
 Determine his profit in Kenyan shillings. (2mks)
 414300  294000 =120300
 414300  294000 =120300
 Calculate the total amount of money he received. (3mks)
 Form two equations to represent the above information. (2mks)
 The bearing of towns P and Q on a horizontal ground from a tower are 050 and 142 respectively. The angle of elevation of the top of the lower from town P is 34 . Given that P is 200m from the top of the tower and Q is 120m from the base of the tower
Determine The height of the tower (3mks)
 The angle of elevation of the top of the lower from Q (3mks)
 The distance between the two towns P and Q (4mks)
 A group of young men decided to raise ksh.480, 000 to start a business. Before actual payment was made four members pulled out and each of the remaining had to pay an additional ksh.20,000 write an expression in terms of p for;

 Original contribution of each member. (1mk)
 480000
p
 480000
 Contribution after withdrawal of four members. (1mk)
 480000 + 20000
p 4
 480000 + 20000
 Original contribution of each member. (1mk)
 Form an equation in p and hence determine the number of initial members. (5mks)
 480000  480000 = 20000
p p4
480000(p4)  480000p = 20000(p)(p4)
480,000p  1920000  480000p = 20000p^{2}  80000p
1920000 = 20000p^{2}  80000p
10,000(192) = 10,000(2p^{2}  8p)
192 = 2p^{2}  8p
96 = p^{2}  4p
p^{2}  4p + 96 = 0
4± √(42  4x1x  96)
2
4 ± 20
2
xd = ^{24}/_{2} =12
 480000  480000 = 20000
 Three men Kamau, James and Hassan shared shs.480, 000 such that Kamau: James is 3:2 and James:Hassan is 4:2. Find how much each got. (3mks)
 K:J:H
3:2
4:2
6:4:2
6/12 x 480,000 = 240,000
4/12 x 480,000 = 160,000
2/12 x 480,000 = 80,000
 K:J:H

 The relationship between two variables S and T is given by the equation S=KTn where K and n are constant
 Write down the linear equation relating to S and T (1mk)
 Complete the table above for the linear equation relating to S and T(to one decimal place) (2mks)
 Draw a suitable straight line graph to represent the data (3mks)
 Use your graph to determine the value of K and n (2mks)
 Find the value of S when T =3.5 (2mks)

 The current price of a vehicle is shs 500,000. If the vehicle depreciates at a rate of 15% p.a . Find the number of years it will take for its value to fall to shs 180,000. (4mks)
 The cash price of a cooker is shs 9,000. A customer bought the cooker by paying 15 monthly installments of shs 950 each. Calculate:
 the carrying charge (3mks)
 the rate of interest (3mks)
 The table below shows the income tax rates in a certain year.
Mrs Musau earned a basic salary of ksh 18,600 per month and allowances amounting to ksh.7, 800 per month. She claimed a personal relief of ksh 1,080 per month. Calculate; Total taxable income in k£ p.a. (2mks)
 18,600
+7,800
26 400
26400 x 12 = 316800
20 20
£15,840
 18,600

 The tax payable in ksh per month without relief. (4mks)
 3900 x 2 = 7,800
 3900 x 3 = 11,700
 3900 x 4 = 15,600
 3900 x 5 = 19,500
 240 x 7 = 1680
 56,280 = 4,690
12
 The tax payable in ksh per month after relief. (2mks)
 4690
1080
3610
 4690
 The tax payable in ksh per month without relief. (4mks)
 Mrs Musau’s net monthly income. (2mks)
 26400
3610
22790
 26400
 Total taxable income in k£ p.a. (2mks)
 The probability that boys goes to school by bus is 1/3 and by matatu is 1/2. If he uses a bus the probability that he is late to school is 1/5 and if he uses a matatu the probability of being late is 3/10. If he uses other means of transport, the probability of being late is 1/20. What is the probability that
 He will be late to school

 (^{1}/_{3} x ^{1}/_{5})+(^{1}/_{2} x ^{3}/_{10})+(^{1}/_{6} x ^{1}/_{20})
^{1}/_{15} + ^{3}/_{20} + ^{1}/_{120 }
= 8 +18 + 1
120
^{27}/_{120} = ^{9}/_{40}

 He will not be late to school
 (^{1}/_{3} x ^{4}/_{5})+(^{1}/_{2} x^{ 7}/_{10})+(^{1}/_{6} x ^{19}/_{20})=
^{4}/_{15} + ^{7}/_{20} + ^{19}/_{120 }
= 32 + 42 + 19
120
=^{93}/_{120}
 (^{1}/_{3} x ^{4}/_{5})+(^{1}/_{2} x^{ 7}/_{10})+(^{1}/_{6} x ^{19}/_{20})=
 He will be late to school if he does not use a matatu
 (^{1}/_{3} x ^{1}/_{5})+(^{1}/_{6} x ^{1}/_{20})
^{1}/_{15} + ^{1}/_{120}
8 + 1
120
=9/120
 (^{1}/_{3} x ^{1}/_{5})+(^{1}/_{6} x ^{1}/_{20})
 He neither uses a bus nor matatu but arrives to school early.
 ^{1}/_{6} x ^{19}/_{20} = ^{19}/_{20}
 He will be late to school
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