History Paper 2 Questions and Answers - Mumias West Pre Mocks 2022

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QUESTIONS
SECTION A: ANSWER ALL QUESTION. (20 MARKS)

  1. State two limitations of using electronics as a source of information on History and Government(2mks)
  2. State two characteristics of microlithic tools.  (2mks)
  3. Identify one area in Africa where Agriculture began. (1mk)
  4. Identify the earliest method of trade during the Trans-Saharan trade.  (1mk)
  5. Identify any two early sources of energy.  (2mks)
  6. State one advantage of using steel over iron during the industrial revolution in Europe. (1mk)
  7. Give the main factor that contributed to the emergence of Johannesburg as a modern urban centre.  (1mk)
  8. Give the main reason why golden stool was important in the Asante Empire. (1mk)
  9. Identify two methods used by the European powers to acquire colonies in Africa. (2mks)
  10. Identify the immediate cause of World War I (1914-18).(1mk)
  11. Name the personality behind the use of indirect rule in Northern Nigeria.  (1mk)
  12. Mention two Germany colonies in west Africa that were placed under the League of Nations mandate commission after the end of WW1 in 1919 (2mks)
  13. Identify one way through which the Europeans maintained peace among themselves during the partition of Africa. (1mk)
  14. Identify two countries in Africa where the cold war was witnessed.  (2mks)
  15. Identify two military alliances that were formed as a result of cold war.  (2mks)
  16. State two ways in which members of non-aligned movement maintain neutrality in world affairs.  (2mks)
  17. Name the organ of the united Nation that promotes justice in the world. (1mk)

SECTION B:  ANSWER ANY 3 QUESTIONS 40 MARKS.

  1.      
    1. State three disadvantages of hunting as an economic activity by early human beings. (3mks)
    2. Explain six merits of early Agriculture on people’s way of life. (12mks)
  2.      
    1. Identify three roles played by the Tuaregs in the Trans-Saharan trade.  (3mks)
    2. Explain six social problems faced by the residents of Johannesburg since the end of apartheid. (12mks)
  3.      
    1. Highlight five European activities in Africa during the 19th century. (5mks)
    2. Explain FIVE methods that were applied by African nationalists in South Africa to fight for their freedom.(10mks)
  4.      
    1. Identify THREE early forms of water transport.  (3mks)
    2. Describe the organization of the trans-Saharan trade.(12mks)    

SECTION C: ANSWER ANY TWO QUESTIONS (30 MARKS)

  1.     
    1. State three functions of the Lukiko in the kingdom of Buganda during the pre-colonial period.  (3mks)
    2. Explain six factors that led to growth of the Asante Empire by the 19th Century.(12mks)
  2.    
    1. Give three reasons why the United States of America did not join the World War I until 1917. (3mks)
    2. Explain six problems experienced by the French administration in Senegal. (12mks)
  3.    
    1. Name three organs of the united Nation Organization. (3mks)
    2. Explain six achievement of the Non-Aligned movement since its formation.  (12mks)


MARKING SCHEME

  1.        
    1. They may be updated with inaccurate information
    2. They are usually expensive to access
    3. They are biased as they contain foreign materials.
    4. Some like films may be exaggerated.
  2.      
    1. Small
    2. Sharp
    3. Fixed with handles
  3. Along the Nile Valley in Egypt
  4. Barter trade
  5.      
    1. Wind
    2. Water
    3. Wood
  6.        
    1. It was harder
    2. It was lighter
    3. It was stronger
    4. It was flexible
    5. It could not rust
  7. Discovery of gold deposits
  8. Unification
  9.        
    1. Military expedition
    2. Signing of treaties
    3. Use of diplomacy
    4. Treachery / use of tricks
    5. Use of companies
    6. Divide and rule
  10. Assassination of Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie
  11. Fredrick Laggard
  12.      
    1. Cameroon 
    2. Togo 
  13.      
    1. Signing treaties among themselves
    2. Organizing the Berlin conference to lay down guiding principles of partition.
  14.      
    1. Angola
    2. DRC /Zaire
    3. Mozambique
    4. Tanzania
  15.      
    1. War saw pact
    2. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  16.      
    1. By not entering into military alliances with other countries
    2. By maintaining independent foreign policies
    3. By maintaining friendly relations with other countries
    4. By not involving themselves in the power struggle between communist and capitalists blocs
  17. The international court of justice.
  18.        
    1.      
      1. It was difficult to locate / spot the animals
      2. Animals were a threat / dangerous to human
      3. Hunting was time consuming
      4. It was tiresome / cumbersome
      5. It required many people
    2.        
      1. Increase population due to better feeding habits
      2. Led to development of a sedentary / settled life style
      3. Led to division of labor as people began to specialize in various occupation.
      4. Development of trade due to surplus production
      5. Led to rise of political organization and development of rules and regulations
      6. It led  Emergence of social classes
      7. Settled life enhance cultural interactions.(any 6 x 2 = 12)
  19.      
    1.       
      1. Grounded the Oasis
      2. Provided security to the traders
      3. Served as language interpreters
      4. Acted as middlemen
      5. They acted as porters
    2.      
      1. Poor working condition for Africans living around them
      2. Poor living conditions in the slums e.g poor sanitations
      3. Criminal activities increased due to unemployment
      4. Pollution from industries
      5. HIV/AIDS is a major health problem
      6. Inadequate social facilities e,g education and health facilities
      7. Most people live in shanties mainly because of unemployment(6 x 2 – 12 Mks)
  20.        
    1.      
      1. Were involved in trade
      2. Spreading religion
      3. Were establishing settlements
      4. Were involved in exploration
      5. Were involved in mining
      6. Were involved in farming
      7. Spreading Western Education
      8. Were involved in establishing Health facilities
    2.      
      1. They applied hunger strikes by nationalists in the prison.
      2. Guerilla warfare/ sabotage campaign by the ANC military wing/ Umukhondo We Sizwe
      3. Religious leaders / church e.g. Archbishop Desmond and Allan Boeseric
      4. Use of the mass media/ newspapers to articulate their grievances.
      5. Used the international community to pressurize the apartheid government/ economic sanctions.
      6. Through demonstrations/ go-slows/strikes/boycotts against the apartheid governments.
      7. They used the trade union movements to fight for the workers’ rights.(Any 5*2=10mks)
  21.      
    1.        
      1. Rafts 
      2. Boats/ Oar driven boats
      3. Canoes
      4. Sailing ships
    2.        
      1. The trade took place between North African people and West Africans across the Sahara desert.
      2. Wealthy merchants in North Africa financed the trade in terms of trade goods and camels/ Berbers and Arab traders.
      3. Trade items from North Africa included salt, clothe, dried fruits iron bars and firearms.
      4. Traders from North Africa travelled in caravans which had almost 100-1000 camels.
      5. There were four main trade routes from North Africa to West Africa. 
      6. The journey across the desert took three months.
      7. The desert Tuaregs/ Takshifs acted as middlemen/interpreters/guides/security/guards/maintained desert oases.
      8. The camel was the main means of transport across the desert.
      9. In West Africa, the kings provided security to the traders/collected taxes/regulated the flow of gold.
      10. The method of trade in West Africa was barter trade.
      11. In West Africa, the North African traders had agents whom they exchanged goods with.
      12. The items of trade goods from West Africa included kola nuts, ivory, slaves, gold, animal hides etc. (any6*2=12mks)
  22.      
    1.      
      1. It helped Kabaka in the administration
      2. It acted as the final court of appeal / settled disputes
      3. It advised Kabaka
      4. It represented the people’s interest.
      5. It directed the collection of taxes
      6. It made laws
    2.      
      1. Trans-Atlantic trade generated a lot of wealth which enabled the empire to prosper
      2. It had able / skilled rulers who were courageous 
      3. They had a symbol of unity /golden stool which bond the people together.
      4. Centralized system of administration ensured stability
      5. Strong agricultural base ensured regular food supply
      6. Presence strong army provided defense
      7. Availability of gold enabled the Kingdom to generate wealth
      8. The Odwira festival brought people together thereby making the empire more cohesive(Any 6*2=12)
  23.      
    1.      
      1. She had commercial trade relations with the alliances
      2. The war had not interfered with her interest before 1917
      3. Fear of revolt by her citizens of German descent
    2.      
      1. Language barrier made it difficult for the administrators
      2. Poor transport network hampered their mobility thereby making it difficult to reach certain areas
      3. Resistance by African Traditional leaders
      4. The policy of assimilation required patience / was time consuming since some Africans were reluctant
      5. They fear hostility from Muslims who were opposed to French values which embraced Christianity.
      6. The appointed chiefs were undermined by their fellow Africans as they were viewed as colonial agents
      7. They lacked adequate funds to sustain their operations.
      8. Resistance by the French parliamentarian – fear for competition of being outnumbered in the chamber of deputies.(6 x 2 = 12 Mks)
  24.        
    1.      
      1. The security council
      2. General Assembly
      3. International court of Justice
      4. The Economic and social council
      5. The trusteeship council
      6. The secretariat
    2.      
      1. It advocated for political freedom which led to attainment of independence
      2. It kept off the military activities of two super powers which helped to reduce international tensions
      3. It provided a forum where members voiced their concerns on international issues
      4. It encouraged its members to put their national interest before those of the super powers
      5. US member states have helped to manage civil / sieve conflicts
      6. It condemned arms race among countries leading to reduction in the production of arms
      7. It has enabled members to vote as a bloc thereby influencing world affairs
      8. It has helped members to safe guard their national integrity
      9. A new economic order was emerged due to increased trade among member states.(Any 6*2=12)

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