History Questions and Answers - Form 2 Term 3 Opener Exams 2022

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SECTION A (25MKS)

ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION.

  1. Name two sources of history of the Kenyan communities during the pre-colonial period. (2 Marks)
  2. State two disadvantages of relying on oral traditions as a source of history. (2 Marks)
  3. Name two pre-historic sites in Kenya. (2 Marks)
  4. State two advantages of the discovery of fire by early man. (2 Marks)
  5. Name the dispersal area of the Eastern Bantu. (1 Mark)
  6. Identify one-age grade for elders among the Akamba. (1 Mark)
  7. State the first settlement area of the Luo during their migration from Sudan. (1 Mark)
  8. Identify the two main items of trade from the interior of Kenya during the long distance trade. (2 Marks)
  9. Give two reasons why Seyyid Said moved his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar. (2 Marks)
  10. State three economic benefits of the Oman rule along the Kenyan Coast during the nineteenth century.
    (3 Marks)
  11. State two ways through which mission stations promoted the spread of Christianity in Kenya. (2 Marks)
  12. Identify three peaceful ways of resolving conflicts. (3 Marks)
  13. Identify two continents that took part in the triangular trade in the 17th Century. (2 Marks)
  14. State two roles played by Tuaregs during the trans-Saharan trade. (2 Marks)
  15. State the advantages of wood as a source of energy. (3 Marks)

SECTION B

ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION.

  1.  
    1. State three disadvantages of hunting as an economic activity of the early man. (3 Marks)
    2. Explain six benefits of settling in villages during the late Stone Age period. (12 marks)
  2.  
    1. Give three ways in which the invention of wheel revolutionized transport in Europe before the 19th century.(3mks
    2. Discuss the disadvantages of using air transport. (12 Marks)
  3.  
    1. Give three uses of wind as a source of energy in the ancient times. (3 Marks)
    2. Explain six effects of iron working technology on African Communities before the 19th Century. (12 Marks)

SECTION C

ANSWER ALL THE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION.

  1.  
    1. Identify any three circumstances when the right to life is limited. (3 Marks)
    2. Explain six responsibilities of a Kenyan citizen. (12 Marks)
  2. Explain five factors that limit national unity. (10 Marks)


MARKING SCHEME

SECTION A

  1. Name two sources of history of the Kenyan communities during the pre-colonial period. (2 Marks)
    • Archaelogy
    • Oral traditions
    • Anthropology
    • Genetics/zoology
    • Written records
    • Geology        (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  2. State two disadvantages of relying on oral traditions as a source of history. (2 Marks)
    • information may be subjected to distortions
    • People/s ability to remember facts is limited
    • Its likely to have biases/exaggeration     (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  3. Name two pre-historic sites in Kenya. (2 Marks)
    • Rusinga Island
    • Kariandusi
    • Olorgesaillie
    • Hyrax Hill
    • Kanapoi
    • Fort Tenan
    • Gambles cave
    • Koobi Fora
    • Kanjera
    • Njoro river cave    (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  4. State two advantages of the discovery of fire by early man. (2 Marks)
    • Warming himself during the cold night.
    • flames gave light at night
    • preserving food by drying
    • used as a means of communication
    • helped to hunt by scaring animals into traps.
    • harden tips of tools   (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  5. Name the dispersal area of the Eastern Bantu. (1 Mark)
    • Shungwaya (1 x 1 = 1 Mark)
  6. Identify one-age grade for elders among the Akamba. (1 Mark)
    • Junior elders – Anake
    • Nthele – medium elders
    • Atumia na kivalo – full elders
    • Atumia ma ithembo – senior most elders. (1 x 1 = 1 Mark)
  7. State the first settlement area of the Luo during their migration from Sudan. (1 Mark)
    • pubungu pakwach (1 x 1 = 1 Mark)
  8. Identify the two main items of trade from the interior of Kenya during the long distance trade. (2 Marks)
    • gold
    • Slaves
    • Ivory    (2 x 1 = 2 marks)
  9. Give two reasons why Seyyid Said moved his capital from Muscat to Zanzibar. (2 Marks
    • Zanzibar was centrally positioned and easier to control.
    • Had a pleasant climate, fresh water and adequate rainfall.
    • was easy to defend
    • had good deep habours
    • was loyal to Oman.   (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  10. State three economic benefits of the Oman rule along the Kenyan Coast during the nineteenth century.
    (3 Marks)
    • introduction of money (currency) as means of exchange.
    • profits from the trade was used to develop towns.
    • new crops were introduced
    • expansion of trade between Kenya and Arabia (3 x 1 = 3 marks)
  11. State two ways through which mission stations promoted the spread of Christianity in Kenya. (2 Marks
    • were used as home for the freed slaves
    • used as centres for learning
    • served as health centres (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  12. Identify three peaceful ways of resolving conflicts. (3 Marks
    • negotiation
    • arbitration
    • conciliation
    • legislation
    • religious action (3 x 1 = 3 Marks)
  13. Identify two continents that took part in the triangular trade in the 17th Century. (2 Marks)
    • Africa
    • America
    • Europe    (2 x 1 = 1 Marks)
  14. State two roles played by Tuaregs during the trans-Saharan trade. (2 Marks)
    • guided and provided security to traders.
    • acted as interpreters
    • Guarded the oases and gave traders and camels, food
    • acted as middlemen between traders from each side.   (2 x 1 = 2 Marks)
  15. State the advantages of wood as a source of energy. (3 Marks)
    • its cheap
    • Its readily available
    • It’s a renewable source of energy. (3 x 1 = 3 Marks)

SECTION B

  1.  
    1. State three disadvantages of hunting as an economic activity of the early man. (5 Marks)
      • climatic change like drought threatened animal life
      •  with increased population, natural environment couldn’t provide adequate and regular food.
      • Competition for food developed between people and animals.
      • Hunting was becoming tiresome.
      • Calamities like bush fires drove wild animals away.
      •  it requires many people
      • animals run faster than people (3 x 1 = 3 marks)
    2. Explain six benefits of settling in villages during the late Stone Age period. (12 marks)
      • There was security as people could protect themselves against enemies.
      • Living as a group enabled people to work together as a team
      • settling in villages assured man of permanent dwelling.
      • man began growing crops, thereby ensuring regular food supply.
      • living in village promoted interactions thereby increasing social interactions.
      • people were able to exchange good and services.
      • it enabled them to build better shelter (6 x 2 = 12 Marks)
  2.  
    1. Give three ways in which the invention of wheel revolutionized transport in Europe before the 19th century.
      • Made road use profitable
      • Increased volume of goods transported
      • Facilitated travel over long distances
      • enabled speedy transportation of people and goods
      • facilitated the movement of soldiers during war.
      • led to the development of roads.   (3 x 1 = 3 Marks)
    2. Discuss the disadvantages of using air transport. (12 Marks)
      • Its expensive to maintain an aircraft
      • its operations are affected by unfavourable weather conditions.
      • Cannot carry bulky goods as compared to other means.
      • Construction of airstrips requires a lot of resources.
      • Aircrafts can only land and take off in specific areas.
      • Air transport can only be used by the well to do members of the society.
      • Aircraft emit gases which pollute the environment.
      • Travelling by air has facilitated international terrorism./drug trafficking.
      • Accidents by air craft are fatal.
      • It requires a lot of expertise to operate.
      • Revolutionized warfare (6 x 2 = 12 Marks)
  3.  
    1. Give three uses of wind as a source of energy in the ancient times. (3 Marks)
      • To winnows grains
      • To drive/turn wind mill
      • To propel boats/sailing ships
      • To drive water pumps
      • To dry grains.  (any 3 x 1 = 3 Marks)
    2. Explain six effects of iron working technology on African Communities before the 19th Century. (12 Marks
      • Use of iron tools made cultivation of the land easier.
      • Iron tools were used to clear forests enabling people to migrate.
      • Iron weapons were used to fight other communities thereby increasing conflict.
      • Led to increased food production
      • Led to decline of other metals
      • Demand for iron tools, enhanced trade between communities.
      • Led to migration of people. (6 x 2 = 12 Marks)

SECTION C

  1.  
    1. Identify any three circumstances when the right to life is limited. (3 Marks)
      • when one is defending his own life in a violent attack.
      • In the event of a lawful act of war
      • In defense of one’s property against violent attack.
      • When a law enforcement officers life is endangered.
      • A court of law may sentence a person to death (3 x 1 = 3 Marks)
    2. Explain six responsibilities of a Kenyan citizen.
      • To contribute to positive development in the country by working hard and honestly.
      • To participate in the democratic processes
      • To contribute views on matters affecting the community (– National debate.)
      • Should be mindful of other people’s welfare.
      • Should ensure proper utilization of public facilities.
      • Should maintain high moral and ethical standards.    (6 x 2 = 12 Marks)
  2. Explain five factors that limit national unity.  (10 marks)
    • Racism
    • Religious conflicts
    • Tribalism/ethnicity
    • Nepotism
    • Political ideologies
    • Party membership
    • Corruption
    • Greed
    • Poverty
    • Ignorance            (any well 5 explained X 2 = 10 Marks)

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